This Day in Aviation History Files, compiled by Don Kutter on the AVSIG forum at www.avsig.com

                    September 1



Alfred Ely Beach: born September 1, 1826
        Founded Scientific American

In 1859, the first Pullman sleeping car was put in service.
        The car was built by company namesake George
        Pullman, assisted by Ben Field.

In 1912, Petre and Harrison created the Central Flying
        School at Duntroon, Australia.  Senator G. F. Pearce
        obtained the funding and ordered a BE2a, two
        Depardussins and a Bristol Boxkite (for preliminary
        training).

In 1919, dive bombing is demonstrated at Aberdeen Proving
        Ground, MD

In 1921, the Bureau of Aeronautics, under Rear Admiral W.A.
        Moffett, began functioning as an organizational unit
        of the Navy Department.

In 1924, a parachute school opened at NAS Lakehurst to train
        enlisted men in the care, operation, maintenance and
        testing of parachutes.

In 1925, Commander John Rodgers, Lt. B.J. Connell and a crew
        of three in a PN-9, attempting a flight from San
        Francisco to Honolulu, were forced down due to a
        lack of fuel.  The 1,841 statute miles flown were
        accepted as a new record.  The crew rigged a sail
        from the wing fabric and sailed 450 miles before
        being rescued near Kaui Island.

In 1926, Col. Lewis Brittin founded Northwest Airways as a
        Michigan corporation with operations based at
        Speedway Flying Field (site of today's
        Minneapolis/St. Paul International Airport).
        Harold H. Emmons of Detroit is the first president;
        Col. Brittin is vice president and general manager.

In 1928, the first coordinated air-rail mail service begins
        from the Twin Cities to Chicago. Service expands to
        Green Bay, Fond du Lac, Oshkosh, Neenah-Menasha and
        Appleton, Wis. Northwest expands its fleet with Waco
        biplanes, mostly for airmail service, six-passenger
        single-engine Hamilton Metalplanes and 14-passenger
        Ford Tri-Motors.

In 1930, Captain Arthur H. Page was the only military entry
        in the Thompson Trophy in Chicago.  Flying an
        XF6C-6, he had an early lead but crashed, a victim
        of carbon monoxide.

In 1939, Germany invaded Poland. This marked the start of the
        Second World War in Europe.  The "first" War
        Declaration was made by Great Britain on Germany on
        September 3, 1939. In all of World War II, Germany
        only made War Declarations on Russia (22 June 1941)
        and on the United States (11 Dec 1941).

        France never declared war on Germany or anyone else!
        Italy declared war on France & England (10 June 1940)
        then declared war on Japan (18 July 45).

        Japan never declared war on ANYONE!!! No, Saburo
        Kurusu never got to present a war declaration in
        Washington, D.C.

In 1942, "Wake Island" starring Brian Donlevy, William
        Bendix, and Robert Preston premiered at the Rivoli.

In 1945, William M. Allen becomes president of Boeing Corp.

In 1948, an XR-82 photographed a 2,700 mile strip of the
        United States from coast to coast in a single
        flight.  It used 390 individual frames and 325 feet
        of film.

In 1953, the first aerial refueling of a jet aircraft by a
        jet tanker was completed.  It was a B-47 Stratojet
        which was refueled by a KB-47B tanker.

In 1956, in the race for the National Air Show's North
        American Trophy, four FJ-3 Furies of VF-24 took off
        from the Shangri-la, at sea off the Pacific Coast of
        Mexico, and flew nonstop 1,198 miles to Oklahoma
        City without refueling.  The winner was Lt. (jg)
        D.K. Grosshuesch, with a time of 2 hours, 13 minutes
        for an average speed of 538 mph.

In 1977, Sikorsky Aircraft Division was selected to build
        the LAMPS MK III helicopter.  General Electric was
        to provide the engines.  LAMPS = (Light Airbourne
        Multi-Purpose System). Sikorsky became the
        subcontractor on the Lamps III project. The prime
        contractor was IBM, the people who built the ASW
        suite for the helicopter. Supposedly it was the
        first time that the airframe manufacturer wasn't the
        prime.

In 1981, the first flight of the British Aerospace
        BAe-146 (-100)

In 1992, the Air Force Space Command was established with
        General James V. Hartinger as the first commander.



                         September 2
                            

In 1666, the Great Fire of London broke out at 1 a.m. inside
        a baker's shop. The fire claimed thousands of homes,
        but only eight lives, in the several days that it
        burned. It destroyed 13,000 houses and destroyed St.
        Paul's Church.

Albert Goodwill Spalding: born Septamber 2, 1850
        Founder A.G. Spalding & Brothers Sporting Goods Co.

In 1909, the Aeronautical Society of Canada was formed in
        Toronto.

In 1910, Blanche Scott becomes the first American woman to
        solo, flying a Curtiss pusher at the Curtiss company
        field in Hammondsport, NY. 

In 1916, the first plane to plane radio transmission was
        demonstrated over North Island, California at a
        distance of two miles.

In 1933, the balloon of Lt. Commander T.G. Settle and Lt.
        C.H. Kendall took second place in the Gordon Bennett
        International Balloon Race at Chicago with a
        distance of 776 miles.  Their 51 hours in the air
        also set a new world record for duration.

In 1936, Major Alexander P. de Seversky was refused
        permission by the Army Air Corps to enter his
        pursuit plane in the Bendix Trophy Race to Los
        Angeles due to "features considered a military
        secret".

In 1940, in exchange for 50 four stack destroyers, Great
        Britain ceded to the US, sites for naval and air
        bases in the Bahamas, Jamaica, St. Lucia, Trinidad,
        Antigua and British Guiana.  They also extended
        similar rights in Bermuda and Newfoundland.

In 1944, During WW II, Navy Pilot George Bush was shot down
        near the Bonin Islands. Flying a TBM Avenger as part
        of VT-51 based on the San Jacinto, Bush was rescued
        by the U.S. submarine Finback.

        This was the second time Bush was shot down! The
        first time was on June 17, 1944 after receiving
        damage from Japanese antiaircraft fire. He was
        forced to make an emergency water landing and he
        and his two crew members were picked up by a US
        Destroyer. The plane was lost.

In 1945, VJ Day. This is one of the days that give tribute to
        the victory over Japan. The actual surrender
        occurred on August 14 (or 15th because of the
        international date line). September 2 is the date
        of the formal surrender ceremony that took place
        in Tokyo Bay aboard the battleship USS Missouri.
       
In 1947, the first joint technical sessions by the Royal
        Aeronautical Society, Great Britain, and the
        Institute of Aeronautical Sciences were held in
        London, England.

Christa McAuliffe: born September 2, 1948
        Primary candidate for NASA's Teacher in Space program.
        Part of STS-51L, Jan 28, 1986 Challenger crew.

In 1956, at the National Aircraft Show in Oklahoma City, an
        H-13 helicopter set an endurance record of 57 hours,
        40 minutes in the air.

In 1956, Lt. (jg) R. Carson, flying an F3H-2N Demon of
        VF-124, captured the McDonnell Trophy with a
        nonstop, nonrefueling flight from the Shangri-la off
        San Francisco to Oklahoma City in 2 hours, 32
        minutes, for an average speed of 566 mph.

In 1960, Captain Holden C. Richardson died in Bethesda, MD.
        He was Naval Aviator #13, the Navy's first
        engineering test pilot, helped develop the first
        catapults, one of the designers of the NC boats and
        was one of the original members of NACA.



                    September 3


Matthew Boulton: born September 3, 1728
        British manufacturer and engineer who financed and
        introduced James Watt's steam engine.

Ferdinand Porsche: born September 3, 1875
        Austrian Automaker; in addition to his "Porsche"
        designs, he also designed the Volkswagen
        (Hitler's "Peoples Car" Circa 1934). During
        WW-II he and his son designed the "Tiger Tank".
 
In 1916, the first airship to be destroyed by machine gun
        fire from an aircraft was the Schutte-Lanz SL XI,
        which was set on fire by Lt William Leefe Robinson
        with newly developed incendiary ammunition.
        Hauptmann Wilhelm Schramm commanded the SL XI and
        was "born" in London.  Lt. Robinson, flying a BE 2c,
        thought he had brought down a "Zeppelin" but was
        later informed that it was a Schutte-Lanz.

In 1917, Brigadier General W.L. Kenly was appointed Chief of
        the Air Service, AEF, the first time control of Army
        expeditionary air activities was placed under a single
        head. He then returned to the United States to become
        Director of Military Aeronautics from May 20, 1918 to
        August 28, 1918, during which time he was titular head
        of the U.S. Army Air Service.

In 1918, the first naval air opeations from bases in Ireland
        began from Lough Foyle with patrols over the North
        Channel entrance to the Irish Sea.

Michael J. Novosel:  Born September 3, 1922
        Awarded the Medal of Honor for his heroism on
        October 2, 1969.  Novosel received word of wounded South
        Vietnamese soldiers pinned down by a large enemy force.
        Flying without air cover, he encountered ground fire so
        intense it forced him away six times. Courageously, he
        completed 15 hazardous extractions. On the last, just as
        a wounded soldier was pulled into the aircraft, the enemy
        unleashed a hail of fire directly at Novosel. Wounded, he
        momentarily lost control of the aircraft, but recovered
        and flew to safety. In all, he saved 29 men. He was
        nominated for and later received the Congressional Medal
        of Honor for these actions.  

        Born and raised in Etna, Pa., Novosel became an aviation
        cadet in the U.S. Army Air Forces when he was 19 years old.
        After earning his commission and pilot wings on December 15,
        1942, he instructed in the North American AT-6 Texan at
        Laredo Army Air Field, Texas. By December 1944, Novosel had
        logged more than 800 hours in the Consolidated B-24 Liberator
        supporting aerial gunner training. Then, he went to Maxwell
        Air Force Base, Alabama, to qualify in the Boeing B-29
        Superfortress.  

        In July 1945, following crew training in New Mexico, Novosel
        left for  Tinian  Island in the Pacific where he flew four
        combat missions with the 58th Bombardment Wing (Very  Heavy).
        After the end of World War II, he flew two missions to drop
        food to Allied prisoners of war in Japan.

        During the Japanese surrender ceremony on the USS Missouri,
        Novosel commanded a B-29 in a 462-ship fly-over. He then took
        command of the 99th Bombardment Squadron (Very Heavy) and
        remained in the Pacific until the fall of 1947.

        Following his service in World War II he was assigned to Eglin
        AFB, Florida, where he was a B-29 test pilot. In 1949, Novosel
        left active duty and joined the Air Force Reserve. He was
        recalled to active duty during the Korean War, at the grade
        of Major and attended the Air Command and Staff School. 

        Novosel was promoted to Lt. Col. with the Air Force Reserve
        in 1964 and requested active duty for service during the Vietnam
        War.  When informed that the Air Force was over-strength in its
        senior grades, he vacated his position with the Air Force
        Reserves and accepted an appointment as a Warrant Officer
        Aviator with the U.S. Army.  Returning to combat as a
        "dustoff" (medivac) helicopter pilot, he served two tours in
        South Vietnam, flying 2,543 missions in the Bell UH-1 Huey
        while airlifting nearly 5,600 medical evacuees. 

        Following his heroic service in Vietnam, he served 3 years
        at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, as chief pilot for the Army's
        Golden Knights parachute team.  On occasion, he jumped with
        the team to maintain proficiency.

        At the time of his retirement on February 28, 1985, Novosel
        was the last active duty military aviator on flight status who
        had flown combat missions in World War II. Known as the
        "Dean of the Dustoff Pilots" Novosel was an aviator on flight
        status for more than 42 years. He accumulated 12,400 hours of
        military flying time of which 2,038 were flown in combat.

        Also added author to his list of accomplishments with
        "Dustoff". 

In 1925, the U.S. dirigible "Shenandoah" (ZR-1) was torn
        apart in a severe line squall before daylight over
        Byesville, Ohio.  The control car and after section
        of the hull fell directly to the ground. Of the 43
        persons on board, 14 died including the Commanding
        Officer, Lt. Commander Zachary Lansdowne.

In 1930, the first non-stop airplane flight from Europe to
        the U.S. was completed as Capt. Dieudonne Coste and
        Maurice Bellonte of France arrived in Curtiss Field,
        N.Y.

        "Coste" was the pilot and "Bellonte" was the
        navigator. The non-stop flight from "Le Bourget"
        (Paris) to "Curtiss Field" (New York) took 37-hours
        and 18-minutes. They flew a "Breguet 19" with a
        650-hp Hispono-Suiza 12 Nb engine. The aircraft was
        named "Question Mark". They made landfall north of
        Boston, were met by an american aircrft and escorted
        south to New York. They were greeted at Curtiss Field
        by Charles Lindbergh.

In 1932, Major James H. Doolittle competes in the
        Cleveland National Air Races finishing with a speed
        of 296.287 M.P.H.  He was flying a Granville Brothers
        Gee Bee monoplane with P&W Wasp engine.

        Doolittle won the Thompson Trophy Race at Cleveland
        that year with a "race speed" of 252.7-mph flying the
        bird you mentioned: the Gee Bee R-1.

        Note: That was the year that Wedell came in second at
        242.5-mph and Turner came in third at 233.0.

In 1939, RAF Bomber Command carried out the first night
        propaganda raid dropping leflets over Hamburg,
        Bremen and the Ruhr.

In 1945, Major G.E. Cain, flying a Douglas C-5i, sets a
        Tokyo to Washington speed record of 31 hours, 25
        minutes.  He was in charge of delivering the film of
        the Missouri ceremony to the US.

        (Anyways, yes, either Paul or Chuck had told me about
        this deal, they'd landed with a C-54 (not long after
        the surrender) where they'd dropped the bombs and were
        aware of that record setting flight with another C-54
        after the ceremonies on the Missouri).

In 1954, "The Lone Ranger" was heard on radio for the final
        time after 2,956 episodes, spanning 21 years.

In 1954, EC-121-M, Bua 135749, sn 4316, was delivered to US
        Navy.  The EC-121 delivered to the Navy on that date
        was a WV-2, BuNo 135749.  She became a WV-2Q at a
        later date when she started her carrer in ELINT.
        She was later re-designated as an EC-121M when we
        were required to use the Air Force style designator.

        This was the designation she held when using the
        radio call of "Deep Sea Two One" and tail letters
        of 'PR 21' for VQ-1 when she was shot down 110 miles
        off the coast of North Korea by one of their
        fighters while on a routine ELINT mission. This
        was on 15 April 1969 with all hands lost.

        Thanks Marty (Willie Victor Flight Engineer)

In 1966, Naval Air Test Center pilots completed a two day
        shipboard suitability trial of the RH-3A helicopter
        minesweeper aboard the Ozark (MCS-2) on the open
        sea.

In 1971, Richard Nixon dedicated the new Air Force museum.

In 1984, the first production Rockwell B-1B bomber is rolled
        out at Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California.



                    September 4


Simon Lake: born September 4, 1866
        Born in Pleasantville, NJ.  Architect, Inventor,
        in 1897, he built the "Argonaut," the first
        submarine to operate extensively in the open sea.
        Also helped to develop the submarine periscope.

In 1882, the Pearl Street electric power station, Thomas
        Edison's steam powered plant, began operating in New
        York City in the first commercial electric lighting
        in history.  It powered approx. one square mile of
        NY City.

In 1888, George Eastman of Rochester, New York, received a
        patent for his hand-held roll-film camera, and
        registered his trademark: Kodak.

In 1922, Lt. James H. Doolittle embarks on the first
        transcontinental crossing in an aircraft (in a
        single day). 

In 1923, the Navy airship Shenandoah (ZR-1) makes its first
        flight at NAS Lakehurst.  It was the first Zeppelin
        type to use Helium gas. Captain F.R. McCrary was
        commanding.

In 1931, Major James H. Doolittle established a new transcontinental
        record from Burbank to Newark in 11 hours and 16 minutes,
        including three stops.  He was flying a Laird Super-Solution.
        Officially he was the Manager Aviation Department Shell Oil
        Company. At that time he was out of the military and did not
        return to service for 9-years (1940). 

In 1944, two hundred seventy-seven B-17s of the 1st Bombardment
        Division strike the Ludwigshafen Oil Refinery while
        183 B-24s attack the marshaling yards at Karlsruhe. Another
        203 B-17s attack the aircraft engine factory at Stuttgart.

        Only six bombers are lost on these three missions. Meanwhile,
        217 VIIIth Fighter Command aircraft attack transportation
        targets in western Germany while 67 fighters attack key
        ground targets at Hanau and Giessen.



                    September 5


In 1900, Joshua Lionel Cowen creates the Lionel
        Manufacturing Company with partner Harry C. Grant

In 1922, Lt. James H. Doolittle completes the first
        transcontinental crossing in an aircraft (in a
        single day). He departed from Pablo Beach,
        Flordia and flew to Rockwell Field, San
        Diego, California in 21-hours and 19-minutes.
        Doolittle flew an American built DH-4B. He
        stopped only once at Kelly Field, Texas.
        His stop at Kelly was 1:16; this made the
        trip total: 22-hrs 35-minutes.

In 1923, Sadi Lecointe was the first to climb above
        35000 ft when he reached 35,242 ft. The previous
        record owner was MacReady, who climbed up to
        34,508 ft on Sept. 18th 1921.

In 1923, Army bombers sink two obsolete battleships, the USS
        Virginia and the USS New Jersey, off the coast of
        Cape Hatteras during training excercises.

Jo Raquel Tejada: born September 5, 1940
        aka Raquel Welch; Actress; little known fact:
        auditioned for the role of Mary Ann on Gilligan's
        Island; born in Bolivia

In 1941, Artemus L. Gates, USNRF, Naval Aviator #65 and
        member of the First Yale Unit of WW-I, took the
        oath of office as Assistant Secretary of the Navy
        for Aeronautics, the first to hold the office since
        the resignation of David S. Ingalls in 1932. He was
        also the first graduate Naval Aviator who was not a
        regular USN Officer.

In 1945, the first flight of the Douglas C-74 Globemaster.
        Development began in early 1942.  Fifty were
        finally ordered and the first one flew on 9/5/45. 
        It could carry 125 troops, or 115 stretchers with
        medical attendants.

        After VJ-Day it suffered typical contract
        cancellations and only 14 were completed.  One,
        with 103 pax and crew, flown from the US to the
        UK on 11/18/49, was the first aircraft to fly
        across the North Atlantic with more than 100
        people on board!!!

        The prototype YC-124 was actually the fifth C-74
        with a new, deeper fuselage and strengthened
        landing gear.  It first flew on 11/27/49.  The first
        C-124 entered service with the USAF in May 1950;
        204 A's were eventually built. 243 C's were built,
        the last delivered during May 1955.

In 1948, a Navy JRM-2 Caroline Mars carried a 68,282 pound
        payload from Patuxent River, MD, to Cleveland, Ohio,
        the heaviest payload ever lifted by an aircraft.

In 1950, Beetle Bailey, a Comic Strip by Mort Walker, debuts
        in newspapers.

In 1951, the USAF awarded a contract to Consolidated-Vultee
        for a B-36 with a nuclear reactor aboard for added
        boost.  The reactor would be built by General
        Electric.

In 1960, a McDonnell F4H-1 Phantom II, piloted by Lt. Col.
        T.H. Miller set a new closed course record of 1,217
        mph at Edwards AFB.

In 1977, Voyager 1 was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida
        aboard a Tita, - Centaur rocket. It was originally
        designed, along with its sister ship Voyager 2, to
        explore Saturn, Saturn's rings, Jupiter and the
        larger moons of the two planets. During the mission,
        Neptune and Uranus were added to the list.
 
        The Voyager mission was designed to take advantage of
        a rare geometric arrangement of the outer planets.
        The layout of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
        which occurs every 175 years, allows a spacecraft
        on a particular flight path to  swing from one planet
        to the next without the need for large onboard propulsion
        systems.

        Voyager 1 arrived at Jupiter on March 5, 1979 and
        Saturn on November 12, 1980.

        Voyager 1, believed to be the most distant man made
        object in the cosmos reached 100 astronomical units
        from the sun on August 15, 2006.

       

                    September 6


James Melville Gilliss: born September 6, 1811
        Naval Officer, Astronomer, founded the Naval
        Observatory in Washington, D.C.

Felix Salten: born September 6, 1869
        Hungarian Writer, Walt Disney's "Bambi" was based on
        his novel

General Claire Lee Chennault: born September 6, 1890
        Major General in the USAF. Organized and led the "Flying
        Tigers" and the Civil Air Transport

Sir Edward Appleton: born September 6, 1892
        English Physicist, pioneered research of the
        ionosphere

In 1919, a new unofficial world altitude record (two man) of
        28,250 feet was set by Major R.W. Schroeder and Lt.
        G.A. Elfrey in a Le Pere Liberty 400 at Dayton,
        Ohio.

In 1942, the 80th Fighter Squadron flew its first dive-
        bombing mission against positions around Myola
        Lake.

In 1944, the Navy awarded a contract to McDonnell Aircraft
        for development of the Gargoyle (LBD-1), a radio
        controlled low wing gliding bomb.

In 1947, the Navy successfully fired a German V-2 rocket
        from the USS Midway in the first launch of a large
        bombardment rocket from a ship at sea.

In 1963, five SH-3A helicopters of HS-9 based at NAS Quonset
        rescued 28 workmen from two Texas Towers shaken by
        gales and heavy seas off Cape Cod.




                    September 7


Dr. Victor Frankenstein:  born September 7, 1818
        Pioneer in heart transplant.
        "Created" September 7, 1818? Was the doctor's
        name Victor and the creation just Franlenstein?

Luther Crowell: born September 7, 1840
        Invented machine for making a square-bottomed
        grocery bag

Dr. Michael E. DeBakey: born September 7, 1908
        Surgeon, did first artficial heart transplant

In 1911, Lt. T.G. Ellyson made a successfull takeoff from an
        inclined wire rigged from the beach down to the
        water

James Van Allen: born September 7, 1914
        Van Allen radiation belts are named for him.

In 1915, a patent is granted to John B. Gruelle, a former
        cartoonist for the Cleveland Press, for his Raggedy
        Ann doll.

In 1917, radio signals sent from a Navy R-6 seaplane were
        received by the Naval Radio Station New Orleans, 140
        miles away.  This test resulted in the order for 300
        Simon radio transmitters.

In 1927, Philo T. Farnsworth first demonstrated TV in San
        Francisco.

In 1933, six Consolidated P2Y-1 flying boats of Patrol
        Squadron 5F, under the command of Lt. Commander H.E.
        Halland, flew nonstop from Norfolk, Virginia, to
        Coco Solo, C.Z., making a record distance formation
        flight of 2,059 miles in 25 hours, 19 minutes.

In 1942, the first flight of the Consolidated XB-32
        prototype.  In all, 114 B-32 "Dominators"
        built.  Saw action in the Pacific before Japan's
        surrender.

In 1946, a world speed record was set by RAF Group Captain
          E.M. Donaldson, DSO, AFC, when he flew a Gloster
          Meteor F4 to a record speed of 615.65 mph at
          Rustington, Sussex, England.

In 1947, NACA Muroc Flight Test Unit receives permanent
        status from Hugh L. Dryden, NACA's Director of
        Research.  Included were Walt Williams as project
        manager and Herbert H. Hoover and Howard C. Lilly as
        agency pilots.

In 1956, the X-2 becomes the first aircraft to fly above
        100,000 feet with a flight to 126,200 feet. It was
        piloted by Captain Iven C. Kincheloe at Edwards AFB,
        California.  Kincheloe AFB in Michigan named after
        him.  He was an F-86 Ace in Korea, 51st FIW ,
        25th FIS.  One of three (pilots) selected to fly
        the X-15.  He was killed at Edwards AFB flying
        an F-104A, Serial 56-772, 26 July 58 RIP+

In 1963, the National Professional Football Hall of Fame was
        dedicated in Canton, Ohio.

In 1995, STS-69 was launched.  This was the first mission to
        deploy and retrieve two satellites and the first
        free flight for Wake Shield.



                      September 8


Peter Sellers: born September 8, 1925
        Actor; Pink Panther's Inspector Clouseau

In 1930, 3M Company released its Scotch Cellulose tape.  It
        was developed by Richard Drew.

In 1934, 134 people lost their lives in a fire aboard the
        liner Morro Castle off the Asbury Park, New Jersey
        coast. It was sailing from Havana to New York when
        it caught fire.

In 1958, wearing a Goodrich lightweight full pressure suit,
        Lt. R.H. Tabor completed a 72 hour simulated flight
        in the pressure chamber at NAS Norfolk, in which he
        was subjected to conditions as high as 139,000 feet.

In 1959, "Steve Canyon" last aired on NBC.

In 1960, President Eisenhower formally dedicated the NASA
        George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in
        Huntsville, Alabama.

In 1966, the crew of the Enterprise begin their "five year
        mission...to boldly go where no man has gone before"
        as "Star Trek" began its first of three seasons on
        NBC TV.  The first episode, "The Man Trap",
        premiered on this day.

In 1966, an A-3A Skywarrior completed the first full scale
        test employing all functions of the Phoenix missile
        control systems.

In 1973, home run number 709 went into the record books for
        Atlanta's Hank Aaron on this day.

In 2001, it was the last flight of VC-137 SAM 27000, the Boeing
        707 that served 7 U.S. Presidents. The airplane was
        be flown into SBD (San Bernardino) where it was to be
        moved into a hangar and  disassembled. It will then
        be transported in pieces to the Reagan library in Simi
        Valley where it will be reassembled and put on display.
        The project is expected to take about a year for
        disassembly. Both 26000 and 27000 carried the name
        "Spirit of 76". SAM 26000 carried the Kennedys to
        Texas on 22 November 1963.



                    September 9


Captain William Bligh: born September 9, 1754
        Captain of the Bounty

In 1914, Antoine Feuchtwanger invented the hot dog bun. He
        worked as a hot dog vendor for the St. Louis Browns. 
        If a fan wanted a hot dog, they would provide a
        'mitt' to hold the dog so no one would get burned. 
        Of course, very few people would give the mitt back
        so he created the hot dog bun, eliminating the mitt
        forever.

Colonel Harland David Sanders: born September 9, 1890
        born in Henryville, IN; Kentucky Fried Chicken founder

In 1895, the American Bowling Congress was established in
        New York and became the first body to standardize
        bowling rules.

In 1916, the Secretary of the Navy issued an order
        initiating flight testing as the basis for accepting
        new aircraft.  It also included the establishment of
        procedures for determining whether operational
        aircraft were safe to fly.

In 1931, this day was the start of official 'rocket mail'
        service between two Austrian towns by Friedrich
        Schmiedl. 

In 1937, the XPBS-1, a four engined monoplane flying boat
        built by Sikorsky Aircraft, made its first flight.

In 1939, Phil Johnson becomes the president of Boeing Corp.
        Claire Egtvedt becomes the Chairman of the Board.
 
In 1942, only air attack on continental US during WW-II by
        Nobuo Fugita on Brookings, Oregon.  He did it
        twice; the first time was on 9 September 42 then
        [again] on 29 September 42. He was operating from
        the Submarine I-25.

In 1959, a NASA boilerplate model of the Mercury capsule was
        successfully launched on an Atlas (Big Joe) missile
        from AMR and recovered in the South Atlantic after
        surviving reentry heat of more than 10,000 F.

In 1967, Sgt. Duane D. Hackney became the first living
        enlisted man to receive the Air Force Cross.

In 1994, STS-64 was launched.  This mission was the first to
        use lasers for enviornmental research.



                   September 10


In 1794, America's first non-denominational college, Blount
        College, later the University of Tennessee, was
        chartered.

Arnold Daniel Palmer: born September 10, 1929
        Professional golfer; last time I saw him in person
        he was the pilot of N1AP

In 1931, Raer Admiral Moffett directed that the Bureau's
        program for test and evaluation of variable pitch
        propellers be expedited. He noted that in recent
        tests at NAS Anacostia, a variable pitch propeller
        on a Curtiss F6C-4 had provided a 20 percent
        reduction in takeoff run and a slight increase in
        high speed.

Maxie Leroy "Max" Anderson: born September 10, 1934
        Aviator, balloonist, one of the three aviators who made
        the first transatlantic balloon flight. Three pilots
        were required to make that "first flight" successful:
        Pilot Max Anderson, Co-Pilot Ben Abruzzo and Co-Pilot
        Larry Newman. The flight lasted 137-hours.

In 1936, Lufthansa started its experimental postal flights
        from New York to Lisboa, one year earlier than
        PanAm's S42B services to the United Kingdom.

In 1960, the X-15 was flown at more than 2,100 mph up to an
        altitude of 80,000 feet.

In 1993, the 1,000th Boeing 747 rolls out.

In 1995, the first AC-130C Spectre gunship, "The First
        Lady", built in 1953, was retired in a ceremony at
        Duke Field in the Florida panhandle by the Reserve's
        919th Special Operations Wing.


                    September 11


Carl Zeiss: born September 11, 1816
        German optician who gained a worldwide reputation as
        a manufacturer of fine optical instruments.

Gherman Titov: born September 11, 1935
        Cosmanaut, first man to spend a day in space
        (Vostok 2) 8/6/61.

Robert Crippen: born September 11, 1937
        Astronaut, served as pilot on the first U.S. space
        shuttle orbital flight.

In 1941, the Stearman Aircraft Division in Wichita, Kansas,
        is renamed to the Wichita Division of Boeing
        Airplane Company.

In 1941, the groundbreaking ceremony for the Pentagon. 
        Three shifts worked 24 hours a day, every day,
        building the Pentagon wedge by wedge. Some 1,000
        architects worked in a hangar at Hoover Airport
        producing blueprints to stay ahead of the 14,000
        construction workers.

        The building displaced an airport, a racetrack,
        factories and a low-income neighborhood known as
        Hell's Bottom. The idea for five sides came from the
        original location at Arlington Farms, which was
        bordered by five roadways. Concern that the massive
        structure would interfere with the view between
        Arlington National Cemetery and the city of Washington
        caused President Franklin Roosevelt to direct it be
        moved three-quarters of a mile down river.

In 1943, in anticipation of the transfer of the Ninth Air
        Force to England, Major General Ira C. Eaker, the
        commanding general of the Eighth Air Force is named
        commander of "all" USAAF units and personnel in the
        United Kingdom. He is thereafter promoted Lt. General
        and in January 1944 is sent to command all Air
        Forces in the Mediterranean Theater.

In 1951, air operations commenced in Thule Air Base. Construction
        of Thule Air Base started (in secret) in 1951 and was
        completed in 1953 under the code name OPERATION BLUE JAY.
        The construction of Thule is said to have been comparable
        in scale to the enormous effort required to build the
        Panama Canal. The Navy transported the bulk of men,
        supplies, and equipment from the shipyards in Norfolk, VA.

        On 6 June 1951, an armada of 120 shipments sailed from
        Norfolk. 12,000 men and 300,000 tons of cargo arrived at
        Thule on 9 July 1951. Construction took place around the
        clock. The workers lived on-board the ship until quarters
        were built. Once they moved into the quarters, the ships
        returned home.

        Buildings were built using Arctic (Clements) panels. These
        large panels were used commercially in the 1950s to build
        large walk-in refrigerators. To prevent the arctic
        permafrost from melting and causing the buildings to sink,
        engineers elevated them on pilings. The pilings allowed
        air to circulate under the buildings and remove the heat
        from the structure. Many of the 150+ buildings at Thule
        were built in 60 days in 1951--most are still in use today.

        The 1000-foot pier (Delong Pier) was constructed from
        8 barges towed from the Gulf of Mexico placed on caissons
        and stabilized alongside a rock-filled causeway. 

        On 1 July 1951, the 6622nd Air Base Squadron of the Northeast
        Air Command arrived. On 18 August 1951, the new airstrip was
        inaugurated with a visit from General Hoyt S. Vandenberg, then
        Air Force Chief of Staff. OPERATION BLUE JAY was completed
        in a short 104 days. On 23 October 1951, the last construction
        crews left Thule but 400 men were left behind as a caretaker
        force through the winter. The next spring a major part of the
        workforce returned to expand the base.

        Air operations commenced on 11 September 1951. The first
        fighter interceptors assigned to Thule were four F-9A's and
        began operations on 11 September 1951. For air defense, the
        US Army installed two 75mm and four 90mm anti-aircraft guns
        in a ring around Thule in 1953.

In 1953, a Grumman F6F-5K Hellcat drone is destroyed in the
        first successful interception test of the N-7
        (AIM-9) Sidewinder at NOTS, China Lake, California.

In 1964, General Curtis E. LeMay was awarded the H.H. Arnold
        Trophy and named Aerospace Man of the Year.

In 1995, Dryden's Pathfinder set a new altitude record for
        solar powered aircraft. The remote controlled,
        unpiloted prototype attained an altitude of 50,500
        feet during a 12 hour flight.

In 2001, terrorists hijacked 4 commercial aircraft and used
        them to destroy targets in the US. Two were flown into
        the World Trade Center towers. One was flown into the
        Pentagon. The fourth was destroyed in a crash in Somerset,
        PA. Ultimately, the World Trade Center towers were
        destroyed. The events on this day would change many
        lives forever.



                   September 12


Richard Gatling: born September 12, 1818
        Inventor, the hand-cranked machine gun

In 1916, a 'piloted hydroaeroplane' equipped with automatic
        stabilization and direction gear developed by Sperry
        Co. and P.C. Hewitt, was demonstrated at Amityville,
        Long Island.  It was witnessed by Lt. T.S. Wilkinson
        of the Bureau of Ordnance.

In 1938, a wind tunnel, capable of simulating altitudes to
        37,000 feet, was dedicated at MIT as a memorial to
        the Wright Brothers.

In 1954, "Sky King" last aired on ABC.

In 1959, Russia launched the Lunik II with a payload weight
        of 858 pounds.  The following day, it would be the
        first manmade object to impact the moon.

        After launch and attainment of escape velocity,
        Luna 2 separated from its third stage, which travelled
        along with it towards the Moon. On September 13 the
        spacecraft released a bright orange cloud of Sodium
        gas which aided in spacecraft tracking and acted as an
        experiment on the behavior of gas in space. On
        September 14, after 33.5 hours of flight, radio
        signals from Luna 2 abruptly ceased, indicating it
        had impacted on the Moon. The impact point, in the
        Palus Putredinus region, is roughly estimated to have
        occurred at 0 degrees longitude, 29.1 degrees N latitude.
        Some 30 minutes after Lunik II, the third stage of its
        rocket also impacted the Moon. The mission confirmed
        that the Moon had no appreciable magnetic field, and
        found no evidence of radiation belts at the Moon.

In 1961, the X-15 was flown to a record 3,614 mph by NASA's
        Joseph A. Walker at Edwards AFB, California.

In 1966, Gemini XI is launched with Conrad and Gordon on
        board.  They would attain the highest altitude of
        850 miles and would accomplish the first tethered
        spacewalk.

In 1978, "Taxi" debuted on ABC.  Jim Ignatowski came the
        following year.

In 1980, the first delivery of the MD-80 was to Swissair.

In 1991, the space shuttle Discovery (13th flight) blasted
        off on STS-48, a mission to deploy an observatory
        designed to study the Earth's ozone layer. 

In 1992, the Endeavour, the replacement for the Challenger,
        is launched on its second mission.  It's notable
        crew included the first married couple (Mark C. Lee
        and N. Jan Davis), the first black woman into space
        (Mae C. Jemison), the first Japanese astronaut to
        fly on a U.S. spacecraft (Mamoru Mohri).  Also, on
        his second shuttle mission, Jay Apt (first was
        April 1991 aboard the Atlantis) was the Mission
        Specialist, responsible for the operation of the
        Orbiter.

In 1993, the shuttle Discovery (17th flight) is launched,
        and released the Advanced Communications Technology
        Satellite (ACTS) made at Cleveland's Lewis Research
        Center by Cleveland astronaut Carl Walt.  It was
        STS-51.




                   Saturday, September 13, 2008


Milton S. Hershey: born September 13, 1857
        Hershey's Chocolate Co. founder

John Joseph "Black Jack" Pershing: born September 13, 1860
        General of the US Armies, 1919.
        During the years 1895-1896, he was assigned to the
        10th Cavalry, a unit of the Buffalo Soldiers in
        Montana. In April, 1898, Pershing was assigned to
        the 10th Cavalry and fought at El Carney-San Juan
        Hill. He won a Silver Star for his gallantry in
        his charge up San Juan Hill.

Wilhelm Filchner: born September 13, 1877
        German scientist, explorer, led the German Antarctic
        expedition of 1911-12.

In 1936, "The 39 Steps" starring Robert Donat and Madeleine
        Carroll had its U.S. premiere at the Roxy. The ads
        do not mention the director, who was not yet widely
        known in the U.S.: Alfred Hitchcock.

In 1943, the Air Force dropped over 1,200 paratroopers over
        Salerno, Italy without loss of a man or plane.

In 1958, "Steve Canyon"  debuted on NBC.

In 1961, an unmanned Mercury spacecraft was recovered in
        1 hour, 22 minutes by the destroyer Decatur.  This
        launch and recovery demonstrated that the Atlas
        launch vehicle could be used for manned flight.


                    September 14


In 1716, the first American lighthouse lights up in the
        Boston Harbor in Massachusetts.  It's name: "The
        Boston Light" of course.

In 1814, Francis Scott Key wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner"
        after witnessing the British bombardment of Fort
        McHenry in Maryland. The poem was originally called
        "To The Defense of Fort McHenry", not meaning for it
        to become a song, or a national anthem. After it
        gained popularity, it was suggested that it could be
        put to the British tune "To Anacraeon in Heaven", and,
        combined with that tune, it became the song "The Star
        Spangled Banner." It was ordered played at military
        and naval occasions by President Woodrow Wilson in
        1916, but wasn't officially adopted by Congress
        as the national anthem until March 3, 1931.

Karoly (Charles) Csermely:  born dec. 17, 1884
        A Hungarian technician, automobile and aviation
        expert; flew his Voisin type eight cylinder 90 hp
        airplane in May 1910 over Budapest - with a
        passenger.

In 1909, Sandor (Alexander) Pfitzner, Hungarian engine
        expert of the Curtiss aircraft factory flew 213 km
        (133 mi) and reached 1,100 metres (3,300 ft) in
        altitude (AGL).  His self-designed and built
        airplane used the so called telescope wing-ends,
        a form of expandable wing, half a century earlier
        than it was "re-invented".

In 1913, the route of the Lincoln Highway was announced to
        the American public.  As the first paved coast to
        coast highway, it would go from Times Square, New
        York to Lincoln Park in San Francisco, California.

Clayton Moore: born September 14, 1914
        aka The Lone Ranger

Paul Poberezny: Born September 14, 1921
       Restored a Waco glider when he was 16 and taught
       himself to fly; flew his first powered flight at the
       age of 17 in a 19335 five-cylinder (70 HP) Porterfield.
      
       His father bought him his first airplane, a 1928 American
       Eagle powered by a World War I OX-5 engine.

       Spent 30 years in the military achieving the rank of
       Lieutenant Colonel. At the time, he became the first
       person to receive all seven aviation wings from the
       military: glider pilot, service pilot, rated pilot,
       liaison pilot, senior pilot, Army aviator and command
       pilot.

       In 1953, he organized a small convention at Curtiss-Wright
       Field in Milwaukee (now Timmerman). The convention would be
       the first meeting of what was to become the EAA.

       In 1999, he was inducted into the National Aviation Hall
       of Fame in Dayton, Ohio.

In 1924, a French helicopter flown by its designer,
        Oehmichen, established the world helicopter altitude
        record of 3.28 feet, carrying a 441 pound useful
        load.

In 1931, the Betsy Ross Corps was organized.  It was the
        first reserve corps of American women air pilots for
        noncombatant missions.  It was a private female
        auxiliary / reserve for the Army Air Corps.

Walter Koenig: born September 14, 1938
        Star Trek's navigator Lt. Pavel Chekov

In 1938, Graf Zeppelin II, world's largest airship, makes
        maiden flight. The pre-war "Graf Zeppelin Marsche"
        was composed for German's civilian pride in aviation
        development -- not war -- though Hitler later put
        his swastika on their tail fins. NOTE: It was
        composed for LZ127 not LZ130 (Zep Graf 2).

In 1939, the first practical helicopter, the VS300, is test
        flown by Igor Sikorsky.  This would be the precursor
        of the R-4.

In 1944, the first successful flight into a hurricane for
        scientific data was made by Col. Floyd B. Wood,
        Major Harry Wexler and  Lt. Frank Reckord in a
        Douglas A-20.  There's got to be a story here
        and I'd love to hear it.

In 1961, a USAF C-130B cargo plane successfully snagged the
        parachuting capsule of Discoverer XXX north of
        Hawaii.  The pilot was Captain W.C. Schmensted.

In 1974, approval for service use was issued to the SEU-3/A
        Lightweight Ejection Seat manufactured by the
        Stencel Aero Engineering Company primarily for the
        AV-8A Harrier.

In 1978, "Mork & Mindy", starring Robin Williams as Mork the
        Orkan and actress, Pam Dawber as Mindy, aired this
        night on ABC-TV.

In 1984, the first solo balloon Atlantic Ocean crossing
        began by Joe Kittinger who left Maine on this day
        and arrived in France three days later.  Joe also
        holds the world parachute record having jumped from
        a balloon at 102,800 feet in 1960.



                    September 15


In 1830, reportedly the first to be run-over by a railroad
        train was William Huskisson.  It happened in England
        on the Liverpool to Manchester run.

In 1858, Regular mail service to the Pacific Coast is
        established by the Butterfield Overland Mail
        Coaches.  They were operated by the U.S. government
        and provided service from St. Louis to San Francisco
        via Los Angeles three times a week.

In 1911, Edouard Nieuport passed away. He was a pilot and aircraft
        manufacturer who set many speed and distance records.

In 1924, an unmanned N-9 seaplane equipped with radio
        control was successfully flown on a 40 minute flight
        from the Naval Proving Grounds, Dahlgren, but sank
        from damage sustained on landing.

In 1925, the first semi-rigid helium airship constructed in
        the US was completed.

In 1934, the Aeromedical Laboratory was founded at Wright
        Field, Dayton, Ohio.

In 1936, the Langley, the first aircraft carrier of the
        Navy, was detached from Battle Force and assigned to
        Commander Aircraft, Base Force, for duty as a
        seaplane tender.

In 1948, Major Richard L. Johnson, flying a North American
        F-86A, sets a world aircraft speech record of 670.84
        mph over a 3 kilometer course at Muroc AFB in
        California.

In 1949, "The Lone Ranger" premiered on ABC television with
        Clayton Moore as the masked hero and Jay Silverheels
        as Tonto.


In 1959, Paul F. Bikle succeeds Walt Williams as director of
        NASA High Speed Flight Station.

In 1979, the first UC-12B for the Navy arrived at NATC
        Patuxent River for preliminary evaluation tests. 
        The UC-12B is the military version ofthe Beechcraft
        Super King Air 200.

In 1982, the first roll out of the 747-300. BTW, this a/c
        (line #570, S/N #22704 reg'd to SwissAir as HB-IGC)
        was a combi and made it's first flight Oct 5, 1982.

In 1982, the first issue of "USA Today" was published by the
        Gannett Co.


***
                September 16



J. C. Penney:  born September 16, 1875
        Department store chain founder

Louise Arner Boyd:  born September 16, 1887
        Born in San Rafael, CA; first woman to fly over 
        the North Pole (in 1955) at the age of 68.

In 1911, plans to purchase flight clothing were described in
        a letter written by Lt. Ellyson, who hoped to get
        the Navy to pay for them later.  Requirements were
        outlined as a light helmet with detachable goggles
        or a visor and covering for the ears, yet holes so
        that the engine could be heard.  Also, a leather
        coat lined with fur or wool, leather trousers, high
        rubber galoshes and gauntlets and a life preserver
        of some description.

Allen Funt:  born September 16, 1914
        Candid Camera master & creator

In 1950, the Australian Women Pilots Association is founded
        with 49 woman pilots on the register.

In 1951, "Sky King"  debuts on NBC.

In 1958, the first delivery of F-104 Starfighters to Taiwan.

In 1963, "The Outer Limits" premiered on ABC-TV.

In 1996, the Atlantis made its 17th flight as STS-79.  A
        night launch (4:54 AM) began its mission which was
        the fourth trip to Mir to pick up Shannon Lucid for
        the return trip home. 

        A notable crew member was Jay Apt on his fourth
        shuttle mission. An interesting stat about this
        flight, the Atlantis was rolled out to the launch
        pad three times before final launch. After the first
        two it had to be recalled because of possible high
        winds from Hurricane Bertha and Hurricane Fran.



                    September 17


Seth Carlo Chandler:  born September 17, 1846
        Astronomer, best known for his discovery (1884-85)
        of the Chandler Wobble, a movement in the Earth's
        axis of rotation that causes latitude to vary with a
        period of 14 months.

Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky:  born September 17, 1857
        Russian father of Cosmonautics, rocketry & space
        research

In 1908, Lt. Thomas Selfridge became the first fatality of
        powered flight in Ft. Myer, Virginia, when he and
        Orville Wright crashed while demonstrating the
        Wright Brothers' latest plane for the army the
        Wright Flyer III.
 
        The Army required a two man plane and Lt. Selfridge
        volunteered to be the passenger. During a demonstration
        flight, the U.S. Army flyer flown by Orville Wright
        nose-dived into the ground from a height of
        approximately 75 feet, killing Lt. Thomas E. Selfridge.
        This was the first recorded airplane fatality in history.

        One of two propellers separated in flight, tearing loose
        the wires bracing the rudder and causing the loss of
        control of the aircraft. Orville Wright suffered broken
        ribs, pelvis and a leg. Selfridge suffered a crushed
        skull and died a short time later.
 
        Though Selfridge was not considered to be a military
        pilot, he had soloed a civilian airplane, 5-months
        before, to become the first U.S. Army Officer to
        solo an airplane.

        The rating, "Military Aviator", was not established
        until July 1908. Qualification for that rating required
        the candidate to climb his aircraft to at least 2,500
        feet; operate in a wind of at least 15-mph; carry a
        passenger to 500 feet; deadstick to a landing within
        150 feet of a designated point; [and] have conducted a
        cross-country flight of at least 20 miles at an
        average altitude of 1,500 feet.

        The final report is in:

        Time: 17:18
        Location: Fort Myer, Virginia
        Operator: Military - U.S. Army
        Flight #: 1
        Route: Demonstration
        AC Type: Wright Flyer III
        Registration: ?
        Aboard: 2   (crew:?) 1
        Fatalities: 1  
        Passengers: 1
        Summary: During a demonstration flight, a U.S. Army flyer
        flown by Orville Wright nose-dived into the ground from a
        height of approximately 75 feet, killing Lt. Thomas E.
        Selfridge who was a passenger. This was the first recorded
        airplane fatality in history. One of two propellers separated
        in flight, tearing loose the wires bracing the rudder and
        causing the loss of control of the aircraft. Orville Wright
        suffered broken ribs, pelvis and a leg. Selfridge suffered a
        crushed skull and died a short time later.

In 1920, the site of the naval aviation avtivities on Ford
        Island in Hawaii was officially designated NAS Pearl
        Harbor.

Stirling Moss:  born September 17, 1929
        English Formula 1 auto racer

Edgar Mitchell:  born September 17, 1930
        Astronaut, went to moon with Alan Shepard in 1971
        (Apollo 14).

Reinhold Messner:  born September 17, 1944
        Mountain climber who in 1980 made the first solo
        ascent of Mount Everest (29,028 feet [8,848 m])
        without the use of contained oxygen for breathing.

In 1949, Wile E. Coyote began his hunt for the Road Runner
        when the pair debuted in "Fast and Furry-ous" by
        Warner Brothers.

In 1952, Bell pilot Elton J. Smith sets world record for
        helo distance flight in a straight line without
        payload in model 47D-1 (1,217.137 miles).

In 1959, the first powered flight of X-15 (No. 2).  It was
         released from it's B-52 mother ship approx.
         36 minutes after takeoff.  Scott Crossfield piloted
         the research aircraft with interim Thiokol RMD
         XLR-11 engines.

In 1962, U.S. space officials announced the selection of
         nine new astronauts, including Lt. Commander James
         A. Lovell Jr., Lt. Commander John W. Young, Lt.
         Charles Conrad and Neil A. Armstrong, who became
         the first man to step onto the moon.

In 1974, the Grumman F-14 Tomcat was initially deployed as
        the USS Enterprise set sail from San Francisco with
        VF-1 and VF-2 aboard.

In 1974, the prototype LAMPS MK-III H-2/SR helicopter was
        delivered to the Kaman Aerospace Corporation for
        flight certification tests.

In 1975, the first flight of the Mikuyan Gurevich MIG 31.



                   September 18


Jean Bernard Leon Foucault:  born September 18, 1819
        French scientist who showed that a pendulum can be
        used as a gyroscope.  His 220-foot "Foucault
        Pendulum" was used in 1851 (not his gyroscope)
        to prove that the earth does indeed rotate on
        its axis.  For this highly conclusive
        demonstrating-proof, Foucault received the "Copley
        Medal" from the the Royal Society of London in 1855.

In 1912, Lt. B.L. Smith, USMC, reported to the Aviation Camp
        at the Naval Academy.  He became Naval Aviator
        No. 6.

In 1918, an altitude world record was set by Major R. W.
        Schroeder with a flight of 28,899 feet at Dayton,
        Ohio.

In 1919, an altitude record of 31,420 feet was set by Roland
        Rohlfs in a Curtiss triplane, the Curtiss Kirkham
        K12-350.

In 1921, Lt. J.A. MacReady broke the world altitude record
        reaching 34,508 feet in a Packard-Le Pier LUSAC-21
        fighter.  The record flight took place at Dayton, OH.

In 1924, the first flight of the Junkers G-23 at Fuerth by
        Wilhelm Zimmerman.

In 1947, the National Security Act of 1947 was signed by
        President Harry Truman while flying aboard the
        "Sacred Cow", a C-54 which was Air Force One.  In
        the Act, the US Air Force was established as a
        separate service. Stuart Symington was the first
        Secretary.

In 1955, the TV show "Toast of the Town" officially changed
        it's name to the "Ed Sullivan Show".

In 1958, "Cat on a Hot Tin Roof" starring Paul Newman,
        Elizabeth Taylor, and Burl Ives opened at the Radio
        City Music Hall.

In 1959, the first Douglas DC8-10's were delivered.
        United Airlines and Delta Airlines were the first
        companies to fly them.

In 1959, Vanguard 3, the 12th successful U.S. satellite, is
        launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida, using a
        TV4BU.

In 1964, "12 O'Clock High" (the TV series) debuts on ABC.

In 1979, the Circulation Control Rotor made its first
        flight using the airframe and propulsion system from
        an HH-2D helicopter.

In 1980, the first Cuban astronaut, Arnoldo Tamayo, was
        launched into space aboard the Soviet spacecraft,
        Soyuz 38.


                   September 19


In 1783, a balloon flight was initiated by the Montgolfier
        brothers. Passengers were a cock, a duck and a sheep!

Arthur Rackham:  born September 19, 1867
        British Author, Illustrator, Grimm's Fairy Tales

In 1911, the United States Army Signal Corps - Aeronautical
        Division  made one of the first aerial
        photography experiments from an airplane.

In 1919, the first passenger airplane to fly to Washington,
        DC, was a 27 passenger Lawson on a flight from New
        York to San Francisco.  It stopped at Bolling Field.

In 1928, the first diesel engine to power a heavier than air
        plane was flight tested at Utica, Michigan.  It was
        backed by the Packard Motor Car Conpany.

In 1931, the Marx Brother's "Monkey Business" opened in
        theatres in the US.

In 1942, the first US jet aircraft, the Bell XP-59A powered
        by two General-Electric built copies of the Whittle
        engine, made its first flight.

In 1960, "The Twist" by Chubby Checker peaked at #1 on the
        pop singles chart

In 1961, NASA Administrator Webb announced that the location
        of the new Manned Spacecraft Center would be in
        Houston, Texas.

In 1985, the first flight of the Gulfstream IV



                    September 20


Upton Beall Sinclair:  born September 20, 1878
        Author

In 1904, the first complete circle made by an airplane:
        Wright Flier, piloted by Wilbur Wright.

In 1911, in the first attempt to equip an aircraft with
        navigation instruments the Bureau of Navigation
        asked the Naval Observatory for temporary use of a
        boat compass.

In 1951, the USAF made the first successfull recovery of
        animals from a rocket flight when a monkey and 11
        mice survived an Aerobee flight to an altitude of
        236,000 feet at Holloman AFB.

Guy Lafleur:  born September 20, 1951
        Ice Hockey Hall of Fame; Montreal Canadians

In 1956, the first Jupiter C (a three stage ABMA-JPL
        Redstone missile) was launched at Cape Canaveral,
        Florida.  It attained an altitude of 680 miles and
        travelled 3,000 miles downrange.

In 1960, an Aero Commander 680F set a world class altitude
        record of 36,932 feet for light aircraft with Jerrie
        Cobb as pilot.

Kristen Johnston:  born September 20, 1967
        3rd Rock From The Sun's Sally Solomon



                   September 21


John Loudon McAdam:  born September 21, 1756
        Scotish inventor, developed asphalt

H. G. Wells:  born September 21, 1866
        Author; War of the Worlds

In 1913, the sustained inverted flight in a Bleriot at Buc,
        France, is generaly considered the first aerobatic
        maneuver in an airplane. Pilot was Adolphe Pegoud in
        a monoplane.

Vitaly Lazarevich Ginzburg:  born September 21, 1916
        Soviet physicist, astrophysicist whose research
        ranged over superconductivity, theories of radio-
        wave propagation, radio astronomy, and the origin of
        cosmic rays.

In 1939, Patrol Squadron 21, with 14 PBY aircraft, took off
        from Pearl Harbor for the Philippines via Midway,
        Wake and Guam.  This squadron and another which
        arrived later in 1940 became the nucleus of Partrol
        Wing 10 in the Philippines.

In 1942, the first flight of the Boeing Model 345, also
        known as the XB-29 (41-0002) Superfortress, was
        conducted at Boeing Field.  Boeing Chief Test Pilot
        Edmund "Eddie" Allen was at the controls.  The
        original plane had four R-3350-12 engines with 17'
        3 blade props.

        Actually, Eddie Allen was a "free lance"
        consultant/test pilot for almost all the west coast
        factories. His presence on the first flight was said
        to have lowered the insurance premiums for that
        flight, believe it or not.  Many "firsts" in his
        logs. 

        Only later did he succeed in convincing B.A.C. that
        they needed to establish a complete department for
        engineering, with him in charge.  He was an graduate
        engineer.

        Eddie would be killed in the crash of #2, replaced
        by Bob Robbins, who later (along with Scott Osler)
        did the first flight of the XB-47.

In 1943, the fourth (last) N9MB had it's first flight.  This
        aircraft was restored over a period of 12 years by
        volunteers at the Chino Planes of Fame Museum and it
        was flown again on 11/11/94. It's registration
        number:  N9MB.

Stephen King:  born September 21, 1947
        Author

In 1947, an Air Force C-54 with preset push-button control,
        flew from Newfoundland to an airport near London
        with a complete crew on board who served as
        observers only.  This was the first transatlantic
        'robot controlled' flight.

In 1953, North Korean pilot Lt. Noh Kum Suk defects and
        flies his MiG-15 to Kimpo AB in South Korea.

In 1956, an F11F-1 Tiger, piloted by Grumman test pilot Tom
        Attridge, accidentally shot itself down while
        conducting test firings off eastern Long Island by
        running into 20mm projectiles it had fired only
        seconds before.

In 1960, the Vertol division of Boeing conducts the first
        flight of the CH-47A Chinook helicopter for the US
        Army.

In 1961, D. Brainerd Holmes was appointed NASA's Director of
        Manned Space Flight Programs.  He was general
        manager of RCA's Major Defense Systems Division.

In 1964, the North American XB-70 Valkyrie made it's first
        flight.

Faith Hill:  born September 21, 1967
        Country singer

In 1969, a measured closed-course propeller speed record of
        483.041-mph was set by Darryl F. Greenmayer
        flying a modified F8F-2 "Bearcat" at Edwards Air
        Force Base, California. When Greenamyer broke the
        speed record he received a congratulatory telegram
        from Fritz Wendel.

In 1979, the first flight of the production Canadair CL-600
        Challenger.

In 1984, the first flight of the Dassault Mystere Falcon 900

In 1988, Northwest Flight Operations begins tests of the new
        Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).




                   September 22

                 Autumnal Equinox


Michael Faraday:  born September 22, 1791
        English chemist, published pioneering papers that
        led to the practical use of electricity

John Houseman:  born September 22, 1902
        TV/Movie/Stage Actor; head of Voice of America
        during WWII

Henry A. (Hank) Potter:  born September 22, 1918
        Born in Pierre, South Dakota. He entered the
        Aviation Cadet program in July of 1940 and
        graduated as a Navigator on April 1941 to
        join the 17th Bomb Group at McChord Army Airfield,
        Washington and later Pendleton, Oregon flying the
        new B-25.

        Early in 1942, the Group was transferred to
        Columbia, S.C where some members, including Hank,
        volunteered for a Top Secret mission under the
        command of Lieutenant Colonel Jimmie Doolittle
        to bomb Japan.

        Following intensive training at Eglin Army Airfield
        in Florida, the volunteers flew their B-25s to
        California where 16 of their aircraft were loaded
        onto the aircraft carrier USS Hornet. Hank and his
        fellow crewmembers had been assigned Jimmy Doolittle
        as their pilot when their regular pilot ended up in
        the hospital.

        "Hank" pointed out that that he was not lead navigator
        since each aircraft proceeded to the target
        individually, but he "was" the navigator of the first
        airplane off the carrier.

        Hank returned to the states, rejoined the bomb group
        and went to N. Africa to complete a tour in the
        Martin B-26 Marauder. After his combat tour he returned
        stateside and trained B-17, B-24, and B-29 crews. The
        remainder of his career (until retirement) was spent
        in various commands in the U.S. and Europe. Hank was
        very active in the CENTEX Wing and spent much time at
        the San Marcos hanger. Hank was honored at the
        Gathering of Memories Airshow in San Marcos, TX on
        September 25 & 26, 1999.

        Crew from 34th Squadron, 17th Group
        Pilot Lt. Col. James H. DooLittle
        Co-pilot Lt. Richard E. Cole
        Navigator Lt. Henry A. Potter
        Bombardier Sgt. Fred A. Braemer
        Gunner Sgt. Paul J. Leonard

In 1950, Air Force Col. David Schilling makes the first
        non-stop transatlantic flight in a jet aircraft,
        flying a Republic F-84E from Manston, England, to
        Limestone (Loring) AFB in Maine.  The flight took
        ten hours, one minute and required three in flight
        refuelings.  A second plane with Lt. Col. William
        Ritchie also attempted the crossing but problems
        forced him to bail out over Newfoundland.

In 1955, it was the first day that commercial television was
        beamed to homes in Great Britain. The rules said
        that only six minutes of ads were allowed each hour
        and there was no Sunday morning TV permitted.

In 1956, the U-2 (#6692) was delivered.  This aircraft is
        now on display at the Duxford Royal Aviation Museum
        in England.

In 1964, the musical "Fiddler on the Roof", starring Zero
        Mostel, opened on Broadway and began a run of 3,242
        performances.

In 1974, the Pittsburgh Steelers and the Denver Broncos are
        the first teams to play to a tie, 35-35, following
        the NFL's new overtime rule.

In 1992, the first radar equipped Harrier, the AV-8B
        Harrier II+, made its first flight.



                   September 23


Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau:  born September 23, 1819
        French physicist, he was the first to measure the
        speed of light successfully without using
        astronomical calculations.

Robert Bosch:  born September 23, 1861
        German industrialist, invented the spark plug and
        magneto for automobiles

In 1879, Richard S. Rhodes demonstrated the Audiophone, one
        of the first hearing aids.

In 1910, the first pilot to cross the Alps in an airplane is
        Georges Chavez in a Bleriot.

In 1911, Earl Ovington was hired as a "Temp" Mail Carrier
        and "sworn" by Postmaster-General Frank Hitchkock.
        His delivery vehicle was a Bleriot (named
        "Dragonfly").  In seven days at the 9-day "Aviation
        Meet" at Garden City, Long Island, Ovington flew
        53,247 pieces of mail (carried on his lap) on the
        six-mile round trip between G.C. and Mineola. There
        is no evidence, however, that he was sworn in as an
        airmail pilot -- even though he acted in this
        capacity and was the first to do so in the U.S.

In 1913, Roland Garros becomes the first to fly across the
        Mediterranian Sea. The track was from just SW of
        Cannes via Ajaccio, Corsica; Cagaliari, Sardinia to
        Bizerta, Tunisia. Distance 470 miles. This was a
        non-stop flight and was conducted in 7-hrs and
        53-minutes. The Morane-Saulnier he was flying had
        enough fuel for 8-hours of operation.

In 1918, a flywheel catapult was used successfully to launch
        a Navy "flying bomb" at Copiague, Long Island.  The
        development was undertaken by Sperry Corp. This was
        a forerunner of those installed on the Lexington and
        the Saratoga.

In 1918, the Aircraft Radio School at Pensacola began a
        course of instruction for Aircraft Radio
        Electricians which included code work, semaphore /
        blinker study, gunnery and laboratory work.  This
        school was subsequently transferred to Harvard
        University.

In 1921, day and night bombardment tests resulted in the
        sinking of the retired battleship Alabama in the
        Chesapeake Bay.

In 1927, director F.W. Murnau's "Sunrise" starring Janet
        Gaynor premiered at the Times Square theater. It
        contained a musical soundtrack recorded in the
        Movietone process. Alfred Hitchcock heard it and
        later used it as the theme for his TV show
        "Alfred Hitchcock Presents."

In 1928, Lt. James H. Doolittle, accompanied by Captain A.
        Stevens made an altitude flight of 37,200 feet to
        obtain aerial photographs covering 33 square miles.

In 1930, the Photographic Flashbulb was patented by Johannes
        Ostermeier of Athegnenber, Germany.

In 1931, Lieutenant A. M. Pride executed takeoffs and
        landings of the Navy's first rotary winged aircraft,
        the XOP-1 autogiro, from the USS Langley while
        underway.  The XOP was built by Pitcairn and was
        nearly identical to the PCA-2 commercial autogiro,
        one of the most successful models.

In 1934, the first flight of the Stearman Model 75 with David
        "Deed" Levy at the controls.

In 1950, an HO3S-1 helicopter, equipped with an automatic
        pilot developed by the Aeronautical Instruments
        Laboratory, was successfully flown with three axis
        automatic control at Mustin Field, Philadelphia.



                    September 24


In 1852, the first flight of a powered 'aircraft' went from
        Paris to Trappe, France.  Giffard 'hung a n' engine
        with a 3HP steam engine driving a 3 bladed
        11-foot prop and a rudder under an envelope that
        was 44 meters in length.  The flight covered 27 km.

Georges Claude:  born September 24, 1870
        French chemist, engineer, neon light inventor

In 1906, Devil's Tower in Wyoming is established as a
        national monument.

John Ray Dunning:  born September 24, 1907
        Nuclear physicist whose experiments in nuclear
        fission helped lay the groundwork for the
        development of the atomic bomb.

In 1918, Lt. (jg) David S. Ingalls, while on a test flight
        in a Sopwith Camel, had an altercation with a two
        seat Rumpler over Nieuport. His subsequent victory
        qualified him to be the first Navy Ace. As a pilot
        with RAF Squadron 213, he also recieved the
        Distinguished Flying Cross from England and the
        Distinguished Service Medal from the US.

In 1919, an altitude record for an airplane carrying a
        passenger is set at 30,900 feet.

Major Richard I. Bong:  born September 24, 1920
        WW2 Aviator, P-38 pilot who became the top ace for
        the US; born in Poplar, Wisconsin; died 6 August 1945
        in a P-80A testing accident at Burbank, California;
        had 40 confirmed kills, 8 probables and 7 damaged;
        all of these victories were flown in the P-38
        "Lightning"; became an Ace before he made 1st Lt.

In 1929, Lt. James H. Doolittle guided a Consolidated NY2
        Biplane over Mitchel Field in New York in the first
        all-instrument flight.

In 1954, Lt. Col. Jack Ridley was at the controls for the
        first flight of the X-1B.

In 1958, the first senior staff meeting of the newly created
        NASA was held with Dr. Keith Glennan as
        Administrator and Dr. Hugh Dryden as Deputy
        Administrator.  Dr. Glennan would issue a
        proclamation to the Federal Register on 9/25 and the
        official start date of NASA would become October 1,
        1958.

In 1958, a KC-135 Stratotanker lifted a 77,350 pound payload
        to an altitude of 1.25 miles (how many feet?).

In 1987, the Thunderbirds fly for a crowd of 5,000 in
        Beijing.  It has been nearly 40 years since a US
        combat aircraft flew over and landed on Chinese
        soil.



                   September 25


In 1932, the International Balloon Race, held at Basel,
        Switzerland, was won by Lt. T.G.W. Settle and Lt. W.
        Bushnell in a flight which ended on the Polish-
        Latvian border near Vilna and established a new
        world balloon distance record of 963 miles.

In 1933, Tom Mix, was heard for the first time in the series
        "Tom Mix Ralston Straightshooters" on NBC Radio this
        day. His show continued on the air until June, 1950.

In 1947, NACA conducted the acceptance flight of the XS-1
        (#2 Serial Number 46-063).  The pilot was Chuck
        Yeager.

In 1950, John Griffith is the first NACA pilot to fly the
        X-4.  He was to study the flying qualities of
        tailless vehicles.

In 1954, Elvis Presley made his one and only appearance at
        the "Grand Old Opry" singing "Blue Moon of
        Kentucky". His performance was not well-received and
        the booking agent suggested that he go back to
        driving a truck.

In 1959, the last class of LTA students, who were also
        qualified in HTA aircraft, completed training at NAS
        Glynco, Georgia.  The last man to receive the dual
        designation was ENS John B. Hall.

In 1960, a McDonnell F4H-1 Phantom II was flown a record
        1,390 mph over a closed course at Edwards AFB. 
        Commander John F. Davis was the pilot.



                   September 26


John Chapman:  born September 26, 1774
        aka Johnny Appleseed

In 1917, Lt. L.H. Maxfield, commanding the Naval Air
        Detachment at Akron, Ohio, reported the
        qualification of 11 students.  These were the first
        pilots trained specifically as dirigible pilots.

In 1931, the keel of the USS Ranger was laid at the Newport
        News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.  This was the
        first US ship designed and build as a carrier.

In 1934, the United Aircraft and Transport Corp. dissolved
        and reorganized under new Federal legislation.  The
        new organizations were Boeing Airplane Company
        (including Stearman), United Airlines and United
        Aircraft Corp.  William Boeing retires from the
        company.

In 1945, the Navy publicly demonstrated the Ryan Fireball
        FR-1 at NAS Anacostia.  This was the first propeller
        and jet powered aircraft designed for aircraft
        carriers.

In 1958, a Boeing B-52D set a world distance in a closed
        circuit record of 6,234 miles.  Lt. Col V.L. Sandacz
        was the pilot.

In 1975, the Chief of Naval Operations approved the name
        "Tomahawk" for the Navy's Sea Launched Cruise
        Missile.

In 1975, the Rocky Horror Picture Show premiered in a
        Westwood, California, movie theatre. It did well
        at that location but not elsewhere. The cult
        following did not begin until the movie began its
        midnight run at the Waverly Theare in New York
        on April 1, 1976.

In 1981, the Boeing 767-200 made its maiden flight at
        Everett, Wash.



                   September 27


William Conrad:  born September 27, 1920
        TV/Movie/Radio Actor, Fighter pilot in WW-II
        "One Way Street" (1950), "Cry Danger" (1951), "Lone
        Star" (1952) and portrayed Marshall Matt Dillon
        on CBS Radio's "Gunsmoke" (1952-1961).

In 1923, Lou Gehrig hit his first homer in the majors. It
        came off Bill Piercy of the Boston Red Sox. On the
        same date in 1938, he hit his 493rd and last. It
        came off Dutch Leonard of the Senators.

In 1938, the first "Fly Past" in America was during the burial
       of M. G. Westover, Chief of Staff of the Air Corps at
       Arlington Cemetery.  Over 50 pursuit and bomber aircraft
       were used with one blank file missing (5-7 aircraft).

       Developed from the RAF tradition called the "Fly Past"
       started in WWI.  First written account states the Fly
       Past was performed in 1935 by the RAF during a Review of
       the Royal Air Forces by King George V.  Prior to that,
       it had been a private matter used by flights as they
       returned to base from operational missions. 

       The "Missing Man Formation" was first performed in the
       US during the Air Force Chief of Staff, General
       Vandenberg's funeral in April 1954.  There is a
       "Missing Man Monument" at Randolph AFB, Texas
       commemorating the memory of those lost in the line of
       duty.

In 1938, the ocean liner Queen Elizabeth is launched at
        Glasgow.

In 1943, P-47's with belly tanks go the whole 600 mile
        distance with Eighth Air Force bombers to Emden,
        Germany.

In 1956, launched from a B-50 bomber over the Mojave Desert
        in California, Captain Milburn C. Apt piloted the
        X-2 to a speed of Mach 3.2 before experiencing
        inertial coupling.

In 1965, the first flight of the Vought A-7 Corsair II.



                   September 28


In 1704, a Maryland law allows divorce if a wife mispleases
        a clergyman or a preacher.

In 1785, Napoleon Bonaparte (16 years old) graduates from
        the military academy in Paris (42 in a class of 51).

Lena Ashwell:  born September 28, 1872
        English actress, well known for her work in
        organizing entertainment for the troops at the front
        during World War I.

Ed Sullivan: born September 28, 1901
        Entertainer

Al Capp:  born September 28, 1909
        Born in New Haven, CT
        Comic Strip cartoonist, Lil' Abner, Fearless Fosdick;
        lost his left leg in a trolly accident when he was 9
        years old.

In 1918, one JN4 aircraft maneuvered another JN4 in flight
        solely by means of radio at Langley Field, Virginia.

In 1923, Navy aircraft won first and second places in the
        Schneider Cup international seaplane races at Cowes,
        England.  Flying CR-3's powered by Curtiss D-12
        engines, Lt. David Rittenhouse achieved 177.38 mph
        while Lt. Rutledge Irvine placed second with 173.46
        mph.

In 1924, the first circumnavigation of the earth by air is
        completed by two U.S. Army Douglas DWC "World
        Cruiser" amphibians from Seattle to Seattle with 57
        stops in 175 days.

Seymour Cray:  born September 28, 1925
        Founded Cray computers

In 1948, the NACA Flight Propulsion Research Laboratory in
        Cleveland was redesignated the Lewis Flight
        Propulsion Laboratory in memory of Dr. George W.
        Lewis.

In 1955, the first time a World Series baseball game was
        televised in color.

In 1961, the X-15 (No. 2) was flown to 100,800 feet and a
        speed of 3,600 mph by Commander Forrest S. Petersen
        at Edwards, California.

In 1979, RVAH-7 was disestablished.  Reconnaissance Attack
        Squadron 7 was the last RA-5C Vigilante squadron in
        the Navy.

In 1988, the first flight of the Ilyushin II-96.



                  September 29


Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra:  born September 29, 1547
        Don Quixote creator, the Man Of LaMancha; Cervantes
        lost the use of his left hand in the last naval
        battle to be fought entirely by oared vessels.

Enrico Fermi:  born September 29, 1901
        Fermi is credited as being the first to cause fission
        by artificial means in 1926, but failed to observe it;
        you can produce it by duplicating some of his experiments.
       
        It was Cockcroft and Walton, working for Australian Baron
        Sir Ernest 'Digger' Rutherford, who were the first to
        demonstrate it in 1932 and they took the 1951 Nobel for it.

        Cockcroft and Walton produced the first nuclear reactions
        using artificially accelerated particles.  Hahn, Strassman
        (and Lise Meitner) were the first to observe fission per
        se in 1938. It was their work that suggested the
        possibility of a bomb.

Ted DeCorsia:  born September 29, 1903
        Police Chief Hagedorn in Steve Canyon

In 1913, Maurice Prevost flies his Deperdussin monocoque at
        126.666 mph (203.849 km/h) to win the Gordon Bennett
        Cup and set the last speed record before WW-I.

Paul MacCready:  born September 29, 1925
        Engineer, inventor, aerodynamicist who headed a team
        that designed and built both the first man-powered
        aircraft and the first solar powered aircraft
        capable of sustained flights.

        Also won as a pilot the World Gliding Championships
        in the Open Class flying a borrowed Breguet 901S
        sailplane in Saint Yan, France in 1956.

        He also developed an elegant algorithm for determining
        the best speed-to-fly between thermals, and invented an
        equally elegant way to display the information on a
        variometer; his championship performance indicated it
        worked purty good.

In 1927, pioneer and aircraft manufacturer Georg Wulf died
        while testing the Focke-Wulf F19, the so called
        Duck.

In 1931, the official world record for a 100 km closed
        course was set. Supermarine S6B... Ryde, loW,
        England...406.94 mph (654.90 km/h) FltLt
        G. Stainforth

In 1938, Brig. General H. H. "Hap" Arnold is named Chief of
        the Army Air Corps, succeeding Major General Oscar
        Westover, who was killed in a plane crash 9/21.

In 1946, the Truculent Turtle, a Lockheed P2V Neptune
        (bureau no. 89082), manned by Commanders T.D.
        Davies, E.P. Rankin, W.S. Reid and Lt. Commander
        R.A. Tabeling, flew from Perth, Australia, to
        Columbus, Ohio, in 55 hours and 17 minutes.  This
        flight broke the world record for distance without
        refueling with a flight of 11,235 miles.

In 1948, Eugene F. May became the only pilot to fly a
        Douglas Skystreak D-558-1 (#1 BuAer 37970) past Mach
        1.  He reached the speed by going into a 35 degree
        dive.

In 1948, the first flight of the Chance Vought V-346, F-7U
        Cutlass.

In 1981, Boeing offered the first 727-200 freighter for
        sale.  FedEx ordered fifteen of the new cargo
        planes.

In 1988, STS-26, the seventh flight for Discovery, was
        launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. 
        It marked America's return to space after the
        Challenger's explosion in 1986.



                   September 30


Charles Lanier Lawrence:  born September 30, 1882
        Designed the first air-cooled aircraft engine

In 1906, the first ever Gorden Bennett Cup was held at Les
        Tuileries, France.  First prize went to the balloon
        that covered the longest distance.  Of the 16
        balloons that started, only 3 made it across the
        English Channel.  The winner was Lt. Frank Lahm.

In 1909, this was the first flight of the Baddeck #2 Silver
        Dart at Bentick Farm, the site of the Canadian
        Aerodrome Company. Not verified in the Bell family
        papers but accepted as fact is that Donna MacLeod
        went along as a passenger with pilot Casey Baldwin
        on that 1/2 mile flight.

In 1929, the First Manned Rocket-Powered Airplane Flight was
        made by one "Fritz von Opel" flying the Opel-Sander
        Hatry RAK-1 at Franfort-am-Main. Flight distance was
        about 2-Km. It was powered by sixteen Sander Solid
        Fuel Rockets, each producing 55-lbs of thrust.

In 1939, "Captain Midnight" was heard on radio for the first
        time on Mutual.

In 1946, five NACA engineers, headed by Walt Williams,
        arrived at Muroc Army Air Base (Edwards) from
        Langley Research Center, Virginia, to begin
        preparing for X-1 supersonic research flights in a
        joint NACA / Army Air Corps program.  Also, the
        first NACA / NASA presence was established at the
        Mojave Desert site.

In 1954, the first atomic-powered vessel, the submarine
        Nautilus, was commissioned by the Navy at Groton,
        Conn.

In 1955, a research airplane development contract was
        awarded to North American Aviation for the X-15.

In 1960, Boeing rolls out the first B-52H at Wichita.

In 1964, the first flight of the Piper PA-31 Navajo.

Crystal Bernard:  born September 30, 1964
        Actress; Wings' Helen Chappell

In 1968, the first Boeing 747 rolled out of the factory.

In 1970, the roll out of the Boeing 747 (-200). Possibly
        line number 88 SN#20356 (Now NWA N611US). Roll out
        at Everett on Sept 30th 1970, first flight Oct 10th
        (possibly the 11th?) 1970. Flown to Edwards for
        test, to eventually reach a t/o wt of 820,700lbs on
        Nov 12, 1970 (a new record at the time).

In 1982, H. Ross Perot and Jay Colburn complete the first
        circumnavigation of the world in a helicopter.  It
        was the Spirit of Texas, a Bell 206B JetRanger. 
        They flew in an eastward direction from Fort Worth,
        Texas, and it took them a little over 29 days.

In 1994, NASA launched STS-68, the 7th flight for the
        Endeavour.

In 1997, Nobuo Fujita passed away. He was the pilot of the
        only enemy aircraft to bomb the US mainland. In
        1942, he flew two sorties to drop phosphorus bombs
        in an attempt to start forrest fires in the
        Brookings, Oregon area. His seaplane was transported
        assembled and launched by a Japanese submarine.