This Day in Aviation History Files, compiled by Don Kutter on the AVSIG forum at www.avsig.com

                   October 1


In 1880, John Philip Sousa was named Director of the USMC
        band.

William Boeing:  born October 1, 1881
        Born in Detroit, MI; Took aviation lessons from
        Glenn Martin in 1915. First design was the twin
        float seaplane B&W. On July 15, 1916, Boeing
        founded the Pacific Aero Products Company which
        would become Boeing the following year.

In 1907, the Aerial Experiment Association formed at
        Halifax, Nova Scotia.  Its officers were Alexander
        Graham Bell, John A.D. McCurdy, Frederick Walter
        "Casey" Baldwin, Glenn H. Curtiss and Lt. Thomas
        Selfridge.

In 1908, Henry Ford introduced the Model 'T'.  It sold for
        $825.

In 1923, Goodyear bought rights to Zeppelin patents and
        hired Dr. Karl Arnstein for the purpose of using
        Zeppelin technology to design and construct the
        airships "Macon" and "Akron." Experiments had
        been quietly pushed at Akron under the leadership
        of airship-minded Paul Weeks Litchfield, President
        of Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.

In 1930, Transcontinental Air Transport and Western Air Express
        merge to form TWA.

In 1932, Werner von Braun joined the German Army Ordnance
        Office to participate in their rocket program at
        Kummersdorf.

In 1932, Babe Ruth, as legend has it, called his home run
        against Chicago's Charlie Root in the fifth inning
        of game 3 of the World Series.  He pointed towards
        right-center field, then hit the next pitch into the
        right field seats and won the game for the New York
        Yankees, 7-5, at Wrigley Field.

In 1942, the first U.S. jet aircraft, the Bell XP-59A, is
        tested at Muroc Army Base, California by Robert
        Stanley, a test pilot for Bell Aircraft Corporation.  
        The XP-59A used two I-16 engines developed from the
        British Whittle prototype by General Electric.

In 1946, the Naval Air Missile Test Center was established
        at Point Mugu, California with Captain A.N. Perkins
        in command.

In 1946, a Navy Lockheed P2V, "The Truculant Turtle", set a
        record non-stop distance of 11,236 miles by flying
        from Perth, Australia to Columbus, Ohio, (also
        non-refueled) in 55 hours, 15 minutes.  

In 1947, the first flight of the North American XP-86 Sabre
        is made at Muroc Dry Lake, California.  Pilot in
        command is George "Wheaties" Welch.  

In 1949, 18 Navy and 18 Air Force pilots were exchanged to
        begin the first interservice training program.

In 1958, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
        (NACA) becomes the National Aeronautics and Space
        Administration (NASA)

In 1959, a R5D Skymaster flying the first flight of the
        season brought Rear Admiral D.M. Tyree from
        Christchurch, NZ to NAF McMurdo Sound.  Flown by Lt.
        Commander J.A. Henning of VX-6, it marked the
        operational implementation of Operation Deep
        Freeze 60.

In 1962, "The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson"  debuted
        on NBC. Johnny Carson succeeded Jack Paar and began
        a 29-year reign as permanent host beginning with his
        first guest Joan Crawford. Groucho Marx introduced
        Carson at the beginning of the show.

In 1965, the first successful test of the zero-zero ejection
        seat. Major (ret) James C. Hall was the first to be
        strapped into the seat which was developed by the
        Weber Aircraft Company.

In 1969, the prototype Concorde 001 on its 45th test
        flight, breaks sound barrier for the first time.  
        Chief pilot Andre Turcat held the aircraft above
        mach 1 at 36,000 feet for 9 minutes near Toulouse.

In 1971, Walt Disney World opened in Orlando, Florida.

In 1981, the Dryden Research Center is consolidated with the
        Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California, to
        become the Ames-Dryden Research Facility.


                 October 2

In 1835, the first battle of the Texas Revolution took place
        as American settlers defeated a Mexican calvary unit
        near the Guadalupe River.

Alex Raymond:  born October 2, 1909
        ComicStrip Cartoonist; Flash Gordon, Jungle Jim, Rip
        Kirby; enlisted in the Marines in 1944

In 1917, this was the activation date of Bolling Field,
        Washington, DC.

In 1918, the first flight of the Army's Kettering pilotless
        aircraft. It was called "The Bug", had preset
        controls and flew at Dayton, Ohio.

In 1942, Queen Mary: rammed and sank the British light
        cruiser HMS Curacoa off the coast of Northern
        Ireland. In her troopship days, the Queen Mary
        generally had escorts only on her departure and
        arrival, running the rest of the way alone
        because she was the fastest thing on the North
        Atlantic. In this incident she was rendezvousing
        with the Curacoa for escort into a British port,
        and cut the unfortunate cruiser in half with
        several hundred fatalities. David Niven was
        aboard and wrote of it in one of his books.

In 1942, the XP-59A turbojet made its first flight.

In 1946, development of the XF9F-1 fighter, with four
        Westinghouse 24C engines, was stopped.  In its
        place, the XF9F-2 project was started.  It was a
        single engine plane that used the Rolls Royce Nene
        engine.

In 1950, "Tom Corbett: Space Cadet", TV Scifi Adventure;
        debut on CBS.

In 1950, the first "Peanuts" comic strip featuring Charlie
        Brown and Snoopy, created by Charles M. Schulz,
        appeared in nine newspapers as "Li'l Folks".

In 1952, the first flight of the XB-52. Oddly enough, it
        was not the first B-52 flight. The YB had been
        flying since April while the XB was having damage
        from a ground test repaired. Both airplanes had
        the B-47 style tandem cockpit, which Curtis LeMay
        would soon veto.

In 1959, "The Twilight Zone", hosted by Rod Serling, debuted
        on CBS.

In 1961, "The Astronaut (Parts 1 & 2)" by Jose Jimenez (Bill
        Dana) was on the pop singles chart.

In 1974, the Joint Logistics Commander signed an agreement
        making Dupont's HT-4 the standard fabric for all
        flight suits.

In 1979, the Gulfstream II made its first flight.

In 1981, President Reagan reinstituted the B-1 bomber
        program which had been cancelled by the Carter
        Administration in 1977.


                    October 3


John Gorrie:  born October 3, 1803
        Inventor, refrigeration & ice making process pioneer

In 1912, the Davis recoiless aircraft gun began its initial
        tests at the Naval Proving Ground, Indian Head.

In 1918, a flight refueling demonstration was conducted by a
        seaplane piloted by Lt. Godfrey L. Cabot.  It
        snatched a 155 pound load from a moving sea sled.

In 1951, the first Navy Helicopter Anti-submarine Squadron
        (HS-1) was established at NAS Key West, Commander
        J.T. Watson in command.

In 1953, a Douglas XF4D-1 Skyray established a speed record
        of 753 mph. Flown by Lt. Commander J.F. Verdin at
        Muroc, California, it was the first time a carrier
        aircraft established such a record in normal combat
        configuration.

In 1962, astronaut Wally Schirra blasted off from Cape
        Canaveral aboard the Sigma VII on a nine-hour flight
        into earth orbit. It was the fifth of six Mercury
        missions. Schirra was recoverred by the Kearsarge
        after travelling almost 160,000 miles in space.

In 1967, AF pilot Major William "Pete" Knight flies the X-15
        and sets a world speed record for fixed-wing craft
        of 4,534 mph (Mach 6.72).  (Dryden lists the speed
        as 4520 mph)

In 1975, the Marine Aerial Refueler / Transport Squadron
        (VMGR-352) took delivery of the first KC-130R
        Hercules.

In 1985, the space shuttle Atlantis, on its first flight,
        was launched on an all-military mission as 51-J. 
 
In 1991, Dryden aeronautical engineer Marta Bohn-Meyer
        becomes the first ever female crewmember to fly in
        an SR-71. 



                  Saturday, October 4, 2008


In 1918, the NC-1 flying boat designed by Hunsaker,
        Richardson and Westervelt was successfully test
        flown at NAS Rockaway.  The pilots were Commander
        H.C. Richardson and Lt. David H. McCulloch.

In 1943, VMF-222 F4U pilots down six A6Ms (Zeros) over
        Vella Lavella between 0755 and 0810 hours.
 
In 1949, an entire field artillery battery is dropped by a
        Fairchild C-82 Packet crew by parachute at Fort
        Bragg, North Carolina.

In 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched
        Sputnik I, the first manmade satellite, into orbit
        around the earth.

In 1958, the first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service
        was begun by British Overseas Airways Corporation,
        BOAC, with flights between London and New York.  The
        flight used a DeHavilland DH-106 Comet (-4) with
        Avon 524 engines and it flew via Gander.

In 1961, Major Robert Rushworth flew an X-15 to 2,820 mph
        with the bottom tailfin missing. It was a
        programmed malfunction test.

In 1962, "The Longest Day" opened in theaters in the US.

In 1968, the first flight of the Tupolev Tu-154.

In 2363, the United Federation of Planet's Starship
        Enterprise NCC 1701-D will be commissioned.



                   October 5


Louis Jean Lumiere:  born October 5, 1864
        French photography pioneer, with brother Auguste,
        made first motion picture camera and projector in
        1895.

Robert Hutchings Goddard:  born October 5, 1882
        Born in Worcester, Mass.  Father of modern rocket
        propulsion.  First succesful test of a liquid fuel
        rocket on 16-Mar-26.

Ray A. Kroc:  born October 5, 1902
        Born in Chicago, Ill;  Served as an ambulance driver
        in WW-I; Opened first McDonald's in Des Plaines, Ill
        on 15-Apr-55;  named after two brothers (Richard and
        Maurice McDonald) who were operating a restaurant
        in San Bernidino, CA, making food using an "assembly
        line" method.  Kroc paid the brothers 0.5 percent of
        the gross receipts to use their method.

In 1905, fully controllable and maneuverable flight was
        demonstrated by Wilbur Wright in the Wright Flier #3.
        He flew for 24 miles in 38 minutes.

In 1910, J.A.D. McCurdy became the first Canadian to obtain
        a pilots license.  It was #18 in conjunction with
        the Aero Club of America.

In 1922, Air Service Lt. John A. Macready and Lt. Oakley G.
        Kelly set a world flight endurance record of
        35 hours, 18 minutes.  The "Class" of this flight
        was: "Non-refueled (Landplane) No Payload".  To add
        a little perspective, there were 38 different
        "Classes" of Endurance in the 1920-1939 period.

Bill Dana:  born October 5, 1924
        aka Jose Jimenez the Astronaut

In 1931, Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon completed the first
        non-stop flight across the Pacific Ocean, arriving
        in Washington state at East Wenatchee's Fancher
        Field, some 41 hours after leaving Tokyo, Japan.

In 1935, the first class G airship, the G-1, was delivered
        to NAS Lakehurst.  It was to be used by the Navy for
        training purposes.

In 1949, a Neptune P2V-3 staged a demonstration of Naval air
        capabilities.  Pilot Commander F.L. Ashworth took
        off from the carrier Midway at sea off the Norfolk
        coast, flew to the Panama Canal, to Corpus Christi,
        Texas and on to NAS San Diego.  The 4,800 mile non-
        stop non-refueling flight took 25 hours, 40 minutes.

In 1956, "Ten Commandments" was released in US theaters

In 1971, HG-4 at NAS Lakehurst is the first to accept a
        SH-2D Seasprite LAMPS configured helicopter.

In 1982, the first flight of the Boeing 747-300.  This a/c
       (line #570, S/N#22704) was registered to SwissAir
       as HB-IGC and was a combi. The first straight pax
       model was delivered to the French carrier UTA on
       March 1,1983.

In 1984, the 6th flight for Challenger was launched as 41-G.
        This flight had several firsts: the first space walk
        by a woman - Kathryn Sullivan, the first 7 person
        crew, the first American orbital fuel transfer and
        the first Canadian astronaut - Marc Garneau.


                   October 6


George Westinghouse:  born October 6, 1846
        Founded Westinghouse Corp., held 400 patents, was
        responsible for standardizing AC current in the US

In 1893, Cream Of Wheat was invented in Grand Forks, North
        Dakota, by a miller named Tom Amidon.  So began the
        Cream of Wheat Company.

In 1912, Lt. J.H. Towers in a Curtiss A-2 completed a water
        takeoff at Annapolis and flew for a record 6 hours,
        10 minutes.

In 1913, Captain C. Chandler and Lt. D. Milling were awarded
        Military Aviator Badges.

In 1923, Lt. A.J. Williams flies a Curtiss R2C-1 Racer to a
        record of 244 mph. It took place at the Pulitzer
        Trophy Races in St. Louis, MO.

In 1927, the era of talking pictures arrived with the
        opening of "The Jazz Singer", a movie that featured
        both silent and sound-synchronized scenes starring
        Al Jolson, in New York City. It was the first film
        with a prerecorded sound track. One line was spoken
        in the film by Jolson: "You ain't heard nothing
        yet."

In 1977, the first flight of the Mikuyan Gurevich MIG-29.
       
In 1990, the 11th flight for Discovery blasted off as STS-41
        on a four-day mission. The shuttle crew launched
        Ulysses to study the southern hemisphere of the sun.



                   October 7


In 1870, the French Minister of the Interior, Leon Gambetta,
        escapes besieged Paris by balloon, reaching the
        French provisional government in Tours.

In 1924, the ZR-1, Shenandoah, started its trans
        -continental cruise from NAS Lakehurst.

In 1925, the US Post Office awarded the first 5 contracts
        under the Kelly Air Mail Act.

In 1929, the Aero Medical Association of the US was founded
        by Louis H. Bauer.  They published the first issue
        of the Journal of Aviation Medicine in March 1930.

In 1931, the Norden Mark 15 bombsight demonstrated better
        high altitude bombing effectiveness against an
        anchored target ship (the USS Pittsburgh - Armored
        Cruiser #4) with a 50% hit ratio verses a 20% hit
        ratio using the old Norden Mark 11.

In 1931, evaluation began on the K Class airship at NAS
        Lakehurst. The K-1 had a 320,000 cu-ft envelope with
        an enclosed all metal car.

In 1946, the first of 3 XS-1's (later the X-1) was moved
        from the Bell Aircraft Company, Niagara Falls, to
        Muroc, California.

In 1954, IBM displays the first all-transistor calculator.

In 1961, a Soviet E-166 jet fighter was flown to 1,482 mph
        according to Moscow.

In 1963, the first flight of the LearJet Model 23.

In 1973, the first 747SR enters service with Japan Airlines
        flying between Tokyo and Naha, Okinawa.



                   October 8
                     

Edward V. "Eddie" Rickenbacker:  born October 8, 1890
        Born in Columbus Ohio; first flight with Glenn
        Martin in 1916;  volunteered for service in 1917,
        was accepted at the rank of Sargeant and was
        sent to Europe as Billy Mitchell's chauffer;
        lied about his age to take flight training,
        qualified, promoted to Lieutenant and assigned
        to the 94th Aero Squadron;  first flight coach
        was Major Raoul Lufbery; first planes were
        Nieuport 27s; credited with 26 victories;
        became President of Eastern Airlines; eulogy
        delivered by Jimmy Doolittle.

In 1919, the Zeppelin Bodensee visited Stockholm on its
        flight from Berlin.

In 1919, an Army Transcontinental Reliability and Endurance
        test was started.  Forty Four planes flew from New
        York to San Francisco. Fifteen planes then flew from
        San Francisco to New York, ten of them being planes
        who had made the first NY-SF leg.

Dr. Christiaan Neethling Barnard:  born October 8, 1922
        South African surgeon, performed 1st known human
        heart transplant in 1967

In 1922, the Curtiss Marine Trophy Race for seaplanes was
        held in Detroit, MI.  The wwinner was Lt. A.W.
        Gorton flying a TR-1 with a Lawrance J-1 engine to
        113 mph.  Second place was Lt. H.A. Elliot in a
        Vought VE-7H.

In 1942, "Flying Tigers" was released in theaters in the US

In 1954, the first powered flight of the Bell X1-B with
        Major Arthur Murray as pilot.

In 1956, Don Larsen of the New York Yankees pitched the
        seventh perfect game in major league history and the
        only perfect game in World Series history, a 2-0
        triumph over the Brooklyn Dodgers and won the series
        4 games to 3. Sal Maglie, the opposing pitcher, gave
        up five hits.

In 1957, the X1-E piloted by Joseph A. Walker reached
        Mach 2.24

In 1972, the first F-14 Tomcat was delivered to VF-124.

In 1996, three B-2's from the 509th successfully dropped
        Global Positioning System Aided Munition (GAM) at
        the Nellis AFB Nevada Range Complex.


                  October 9

                             
In 1701, the Collegiate School of Connecticut - later Yale
        University - was chartered in New Haven.

Charles R. Walgreen:  born October 9, 1873
        Drugstore chain founder

In 1890, Clement Ader becomes the first man to leave the
        ground in an aircraft powered by a motor.  He
        managed to make a short flight at a very low
        altitude in the Ader Eole that October day in
        1890. While the Ader Eole was powered and
        heavier-than-air, it was not capable of a
        prolonged flight (due to the use of a steam
        engine) and it lacked adequate provisions for
        full flight control. History defines this
        "flight" as a hop! He coined the word "avion".

        Avion stands for: "Apparel Volant Imitant
        les Oiasux Naturels!" or "Flying Machines
        Imitating Natural Birds!" ... Thanks John!

Otto Schnering:  born October 9, 1891
        Founded the Curtiss Candy Company in 1916; created
        the Baby Ruth candy bar in 1921; In 1923, he
        promoted the Baby Ruth by chartering an airplane
        and parachuting candy bars down on the local
        streets of Pittsburgh.  It caused a massive traffic
        jam as people rushed into the street for free candy.

In 1906, the Zeppelin LZ-3 made its first flight.  This was
        the first zeppelin bought by the German Army (they
        designated it Z-I) and they used it for training
        purposes until 1913.

        In September 1907 LZ-3 remained aloft for an astonishing
        8-hours. This flight prompted Army to set a standard for
        purchase of an airship from Zeppelin. Army wanted a ship
        that could stay aloft for 24-hours; cover a distance of
        435-miles; and, return to the base from which it departed.
        LZ-3 (a short range craft) remained the property of 
        Zeppelin until March 1909 when LZ-5 fullfilled Army
        requirements (standards). At this juncture, the Army
        purchased both the LZ-3 and LZ-5.

        Note: LZ-4 was lost on 5 August 1908 on a flight from
        Mainz to Friedrichshafen. She had engine trouble near
        Eterdingen and landed for repairs. However, a
        thunderstorm came in at late morning. LZ-4 was ripped
        from her moorings and rolled up in ball, a total
        wreck, 1/2 mile away.

In 1938, the FM radio altimeter was demonstrated by Bell Labs
        in NY City.  I have found two names associated near
        that timeline - Russell Conwell Newhouse (who I believe
        received the Lawrence Sperry Award for this FM radio
        altimeter) and Lloyd Espershield (sp?) who I think
        worked for Western Electric and might be associated
        with a radio altimeter (no mention of FM) a few years
        earlier.

In 1940, the Secretary approved a recommendation that 24 of
        the authorized submarines be equipped to carry
        aviation gasoline for delivery to seaplanes on the
        water.  This was in addition to the Nautilus (SS
        168), the Narwhal (SC-1) and the Argonaut (SF-7).

In 1946, the Simmons Company of Petersburg, Va., offered the
        first "electronic" blanket for sale. Price was
        $39.50

In 1966, a Rolls Royce 593 engine was attached to a
        converted RAF Vulcan bomber for the first test of
        the 'power' for the Concorde.



                    October 10


In 1845, the US Naval Academy opened at Annapolis, Maryland.

In 1886, Griswold Lorillard wore the first dinner jacket to
        the Autumn Ball in Tuxedo Park, New York. Thus the
        name 'tuxedo'.  The "jacket" was actually a swallow
        tail coat he had clipped the tails off.  It was made
        or worsted wool and had no pockets.  He was the
        head of the Lorillard Tobacco Company.

In 1924, a CS-2 seaplane with Lt. Andrew Crinkley and Lt.
        Rossmore D. Lyon aboard landed at Quantico, Virginia
        after taking off from NAS Anacostia and flying
        continous flight that totaled 1,460 miles, in
        20 hours, 28 minutes. Since the flight was not
        officially timed, it was not awarded the record
        for endurance or distance.

James Clavell:  born October 10, 1924
        Born in Sydney, Australia; Novelist, The Fly, Great
        Escape, Shogun;  King Rat was based on his experience
        as a Japanese POW during WW-II.

In 1943, the USAAF demonstrated TV control of a drone
        aircraft.

In 1947, the US Patent Office issues a patent for the Norden
        Bombsight, 17 years after the application was filed.

In 1956, the first flight of the prototype 1649, Star Liner
        or Super Star Constellation. Entire wing was completely
        new. Engines moved out 5 feet which again reduced noise.
        TWA ordered 24 with deliveries scheduled to begin in
        1957.  Deliveries began in April 1957.

In 1958, the Air Force announces that Boeing has been
        selected as assembly and test contractor for the
        Minuteman Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM).

In 1970, the first flight of the Boeing 747 (-200).
        Line number 88 SN#20356 (now NWA N611US).  Flight
        left Everett, Washington for Edwards AFB.  The
        aircraft was tested and eventually reached a t/o wt
        of 820,700 lbs on Nov 12, 1970 (a new record at
        the time).

        Even though this a/c went to NWA, it was KLM who was
        the first customer to accept delivery of a -200B on
        Jan 16,1971, three weeks after the FAA granted
        certification.




                   October 11


Wilhelm Olbers:  born October 11, 1758
        German astronomer, devised method for determining a
        comet's orbit; also known for an engaging puzzle
        called Olbers's Paradox: The universe contains enough
        stars that every possible line of sight touches the
        surface of a star sooner or later...so why isn't
        the entire sky as bright as the Sun?

Henry John Heinz:  born October 11, 1844
        H.J. Heinz Co. founder

In 1910, Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first US President
        (former) to fly in an aircraft.  He flew as a
        passenger in a 4-minute flight in one of the early
        Wright biplanes, a year *after* he left office.

        He goes aloft as a passenger in a Wright biplane
        over St. Louis, Missouri. Pilot was Archie Hoxsey.

In 1946, the first Bell X-1 (#2) glide flight was conducted
        at Muroc, California.  The pilot was Bell test pilot
        Chalmers Goodlin.

In 1957, an A3D Skywarrior of VAH-4 flew from San Francisco
        to Honolulu in 4 hours, 29 minutes.

In 1958, the USAF launched the lunar probe Pioneer I. 

In 1961, an X-15 flies 3,647 mph at 217,000 feet above
        Edwards Air Force Base with Major Robert White as
        pilot.  The outside skin of the aircraft rose to 900
        F as it re-entered the atmosphere.

In 1961, Jacqueline Cochran set a woman's altitude record of
        56,071 feet in a Northrop T-38 at Edwards AFB.

In 1962, "McHale's Navy" debuted on ABC.

In 1968, Apollo 7 was launched with astronauts Captain Wally
        Schirra, Major Donn Fulton Eisele and R. Walter
        Cunningham aboard. It made 163 orbits in 260 hours
        through Oct 22 and a successful test flight of a
        command module in Earth orbit, the first manned
        flight of the Command & Service modules.



                  October 12


In 1823, Charles Macintosh of Scotland began selling
        raincoats (Macs).

Elmer Sperry:  born October 12, 1860
        Born in Cortland, NY;  Founded Sperry Gyroscope;
        Patent for gyroscope in 1911

In 1918, the first night air pursuit operations were
        conducted in France.

In 1920, construction on the Holland Tunnel, linking New
        Jersey with New York City, was started.

In 1925, Lt. Cyrus Bettis wins the 1925 Pulitzer race in a
        specially built Curtiss R3C-1 racer and establishes
        a new speed record of 248.9 mph.

In 1927, Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio, is formally dedicated,
        replacing McCook Field as the Air Service test site.

In 1933, the rigid airship Macon (ZRS-5) departed NAS
        Lakehurst bound for NAS Sunnyvale, California.  It
        would follow the Atlantic coast to Macon, Georgia,
        then head west to California.  The flight would take
        about 70 hours.

In 1960, a heavy equipment parachute drop record of
        41,740 lbs is accomplished by a Lockheed C-130
        Hercules at El Centro, CA.

In 1993, the 1,000th 747, a 747-400, was delivered to
        Singapore Airlines.


***
                    October 13


Burr Tillstrom:  born October 13, 1917
        Puppeteer, voice of all the puppets in Kukla Fran &
        Ollie

In 1922, the Liberty Engine Builder's Trophy Race was won
        with a speed of 128.8 mph.

In 1924, "The Navigator" with Buster Keaton was released in
        theaters in the US. 

In 1951, a rubber coated football was first used in a major
        college football game.  The game was between Georgia
        Tech and L.S.U. in Atlanta.  Georgia Tech won 25-7. 
        They'll do anything to beat those Tigers won't
        they <G>.

In 1954, the U.S. Air Force authorizes the B-58.

In 1987, the US Navy Memorial was dedicated.

In 1992, an Air France jetliner set a commercial flight
        record for circling the globe in 33 hours, one
        minute.

In 1995, the first flight of the F16-XL with the active
        glove installed. The two seat F16-XL was piloted by
        Dana Purifoy and began a program researching laminar
        flow at supersonic speeds using a suction panel that
        covers 60% of the wing chord.



                    October 14


Eugene Fodor:  born October 14, 1905
        Fodor's Travel Guides; was on a business trip in the
        US when WW-II started.  He stayed in the US helping
        Army Intelligence.

In 1915, five (5) fighters of the RFC (home defence) took off
        from the fields of Joyce Green, Hainault Farm and
        Sutton Farms armed with machine guns and incendiary
        bombs to be dropped on German airships. Only
        one (1) of the five (5) pilots that "went-up" that
        night, got into position for attack. It was an 18-year
        old by the name of John (Jack) Slessor.  However,
        Navy L-15 saw him getting into position to attack
        and (easily) climbed away from their attacker.
        This same "Jack" Slessor later became, "Sir John
        Slessor", Marshal of the Royal Air Force and Chief
        of Air Staff.

In 1922, at the Pulitzer Trophy Race in Detriot, Michigan,
        Lester J. Maitland pilots an aircraft in excess of
        200 m.p.h.   Also at the show, Lt. H.J. Brown flies
        a Curtiss CR-2 to 193 mph and Lt. A.J. Williams
        flies a CR-1 to 187 mph.

In 1938, company test pilot Edward Elliott makes the first
        flight of the Curtiss XP-40 at Buffalo, New York. 
        Code name was "Hawk 81" which was used until the
        first production order in April 1939.  Almost
        14,000 P-40's would be built before production
        ended in 1944.

        Of these, 1,684 "Tomahawks" [Hawk 81A's] were built.
        These were the P-40A's through P-40C's. The Brit-Built
        Series MkIIB's contained the "100" that finally went
        to A.V.G. in China. Which is most interesting because
        the AVG P-40C's were actually Brit MkIIB's.

        There were, however, 5,906 "Kittyhawks" [Hawk 87A's]
        built. These were the P-40D's through P-40M's and the
        Brit-Mk's.

        And, there were, 5,788 "Warhawks" [Hawk 87A-Variant
        Serials] built. These were the P40N's and P-40Q's +
        Brit-Mk's. Note: The "Q" of 1944 matched the speed
        and altitude capability of the P-51D with its rate
        of climb actually being a little better than the "51."

In 1947, U.S. Air Force Captain Charles E. "Chuck" Yeager
        became the first person to be credited with
        flying faster than the speed of sound as he
        tested a rocket-powered research plane, the XS-1,
        over Muroc, California. He cruised at a speed of
        Mach 1.015 at an altitude of 42,000 feet.

In 1949, the XC-123 made its first flight.

Harry Anderson:  born October 14, 1952
        Night Court's Judge Harry T. Stone

In 1953, the last flight of the XF-92A.  These test flights
        led to the development of the tail surfaces on the
        F-100 Super Sabre and the F-8U Crusader.

In 1953, the first flight of the North American B-64 Navaho.
        This was an X-10 ramjet guided missile.

In 1955, Buddy Holly and Bob Montgomery, known
        professionally as Buddy and Bob then, opened for
        Bill Haley and The Comets in Lubbock, Texas, and the
        next night they opened for Elvis Presley in the same
        city.

In 1965, XB-70 (No. 1) first achieved Mach 3 flight.

In 1970, NASA research pilots Tom McMurtry and Hugh Jackson
        reach a Dryden single day record of six missions
        flown in a F-104B to obtain data for the "big boom"
        experiments.

In 1971, a Piper PA-30 Twin Commanche becomes a testbed to
        develop techniques to fly an aircraft remotely from
        a ground based cockpit.

In 1979, the A-6E Target Recognition Attack Multisensor
        (TRAM) aircraft was introduced into the fleet at NAS
        Oceana. 

In 2005, the Federation Aeronautique Internationale (FAI) will
        celebrate its first century of existence. The FAI was
        founded on 14 October 1905 in Paris, and its world
        headquarters was established in Lausanne, the Olympic
        Capital, in 1998. To mark its special connections with
        these cities, the FAI will hold several events in 2005
        in Paris and in Lausanne. But the centenary of FAI and
        air sports will also be celebrated in other parts of
        the world.



                    October 15


In 1783, Jean Pilatre de Rozier makes a captive-balloon
        ascent, becoming the first man to leave the earth
        by balloon. It took place at Montgolfier, France.

In 1913, Lieutenant Ronin makes the first official airmail
        flight in France.

In 1917, Mata Hari was executed by a French firing squad
        outside Paris.

In 1920, Foreign Air Mail-1, dedicated to the route Key West
        to Havanna, began its first service. It was Florida
        West Indies Airways Inc who was the contractor of
        FAM-1.

Lido Anthony "Lee" Iacocca:  born October 15, 1924
        VP and General Manager of Ford; President and CEO
        of Chrysler; born in Allentown, PA

In 1924, the Los Angeles (ZR-3) arrives at NAS Lakehurst
        after it's Atlantic Ocean crossing from
        Friedrichshafen.  Pilot Dr. Hugo Eckener travelled
        the 5,000 miles in 81 hours.

In 1927, Captain Dieudonne lands in Brazil becoming the
        first person to fly non-stop across the South
        Atlantic. The 2,100 mile flight takes just over
        18 hours.

In 1937, the Boeing XB-15 makes its first flight.  Test
        pilot Eddie Allen conducts the flight at Boeing
        Field, Seattle, Washington.

In 1939, New York Municipal Airport, later renamed LaGuardia
        Airport, was dedicated.

In 1948, Major General William H. Tunner assumes command of
        the newly created Combined Airlift Task Force during
        the Berlin Airlift.

In 1950, the first flight of the 1049, the first of the
        Super Connies. Cruising speed of 320mph. 14 delivered
        to Eastern and 10 to TWA in 1952.  Prototype was a
        converted C-69.

In 1955, a speed record for a closed course was established
        by Lt. Gordon Gray.  He flew a Douglas A4D-1 Skyhawk
        to 695 mph at Muroc, California.

In 1958, the first of three X-15 research aircraft is
        unveiled at NASA High Speed Flight Station.




                    October 16


In 1829, the Tremont Hotel opens in Boston, featuring
        washbowls in each room, and 8 bathrooms in the
        basement (the first to have indoor plumbing).

In 1908, Samuel Cody becomes the first man to fly a
        powered aircraft in Britain. Flying the British
        Army Aeroplane N 1, he flies for 1,391 feet
        before crashing.

In 1910, the first airship crossing of the English Channel
        from France to Britain. Piloted by Alphonse Clement,
        it was made by the French built dirigible Clement
        Bayard II. The 244 mile route is completed in
        six hours.

In 1917, the final tests of the Army's airplane radio
        achieved a transmission distance of 25 miles, plane
        to plane, and a distance of 45 miles, Plane to
        ground. The tests were conducted at Langley Field,
        Virginia.

In 1924, the first emergency parachute jump took place after
        a mid-air collision of a Navy "JN-1W" assigned to
        VF-1 forced gunner W.M. Coles of VF Squadron to
        jump over Coronado, California.

In 1940, the lottery for the first US WW II draftees was
        held. Number 158 was drawn first.

In 1942, "One of Our Aircraft Is Missing" was released in US
        theaters

In 1943, the US Navy accepted it's first helicopter, a
        Sikorsky YR-4B (HNS-1) at Bridgeport, Connecticut.

David Zucker:  born October 16, 1947
        Movie Producer/Director, Kentucky Fried Movie,
        Airplane!, Top Secret!, Police Squad/Naked Gun
        series


                   October 17


In 1919, R.C.A., the Radio Corporation of America, was
        founded.  It was later taken over by G.E.

In 1922, the first US Navy carrier take off was accomplished
        by Lt. V.C. Griffin flying a Vought VE-7SF.  The
        flight was conducted aboard the USS Langley
        stationed in the York River.

In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a
        refugee from Nazi Germany. He settled in Princeton,
        N.J.

In 1949, the first C-97A is delivered to the Military Air
        Transport Service (MATS). As per Randy: Serial
        #48-0399.  "A" model. California ANG had the "C"
        models at Van Nuys. Russ ("have ya got a minute,
        Lt?") was our active duty USAF advisor, along with
        Carl Nastoupil.  Those were the days, my friend, I
        thought they'd never end! <g>

        ... and, in 1964, Maj. Russ Eggert ferried 80399 to
        the boneyard at the *end* of her military career.

In 1954, an altitude record for helicopters was set by
        Warrent Officer Billy I. Weber.  He piloted a
        Sikorsky XH-39 to an altitude of 24,500 feet at
        Bridgeport, Connecticut.

In 1961, NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to
        108,600 feet and 3,900 mph at Edwards AFB.

In 1989, minutes before game 3 of the World Series began
        between the Giants and the Athletics, an earthquake
        measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern
        California in the San Francisco Bay area.



                  October 18


Noah Webster:  born October 18, 1758
        Compiled Webster's Dictionary

In 1767, the first part of the the Mason - Dixon line was
         completed.  It was 244 miles in length, west from
         the Delaware border. In 1773, it was completed to
         the western border of Maryland and in 1779, it
         was extended to mark the southern border of
         PA with Virginia (W.V. today)

In 1909, Charles Comte de Lambert, Wilbur Wright's first
        aviation pupil, flies around the Eiffel Tower.

In 1917, the Aviation Research Board is established by the
        Signal Corps at McCook Field in Dayton, Ohio.

In 1922, Brig. General Billy Mitchell sets a world speed
        record of 223 mph over a closed course in the
        Curtiss R-6 racing plane at the Pulitzer Trophy air
        race near Detroit, Michigan.

Pam Dawber:  born October 18, 1951
        Played Mindy on the TV show Mork and Mindy

In 1963, NASA selected 14 astronauts including Richard
        Gordon, Alan Bean, Clifton Williams, Roger Chaffee
        and Eugene Cernan.

In 1979, the first flight of the DC-9-81 began with s/n #48000. 
        This aircraft was delivered to Swissair.

In 1989, the 5th flight for Atlantis is launched as STS-34.
        The mission included launching of Galileo for a
        roundabout trip to Jupiter.

In 1993, the 15th flight for Columbia was launched as STS-58
        on a spacelab mission (SLS-2).



                 October 19


In 1901, Santos-Dumont was the first person to
        circumnavigate the Eiffel tower.  His airship, No.
        6, was powered by his own 20 hp engine. He won a
        150,000 franc prize for the accomplishment.

In 1928, an American six man machine gun team parachuted
        from a six plane formation.

In 1942, the initial installation and deployment of the
        ASB-3 airborne search radar was reported.  The
        initial installations were done on five TBF-1's by
        NAS New York and five SBD-3's by NAS San Pedro.

In 1952, the movie "Arctic Flight" was released in US
        theaters

In 1977, the supersonic Concorde made its first landing in
        New York City after 19 months of delays caused by
        residents concerned about the aircraft's noise.



                 October 20


Sir Christopher Wren:  born October 20, 1632 O.S.
        English architect; Gresham Professor of Astronomy
        in London in 1657; Charles II appointed Wren
        Surveyor General of the King's Works; architect
        of St. Paul's Cathederal in London

In 1911, the original Wright Army plane is delivered to the
        Smithsonian Institution.

In 1920, the first Alaskan flight returns to Mitchell Field,
        Long Island.

In 1922, Lt. Harold R. Harris makes the first emergency
        parachute jump in the United States. He would become
        General Harris of the Flight Safety Foundation.

        The idea of the parachute goes back several hundred
        years. The first record of the use of the parachute
        device in an air disaster was the successful escape
        of Jodaki Kuparento, from a burning balloon,
        July 24, 1808."

        The first record of parachute use in an airplane
        escape is the jump from a burning plane by an
        Austrian pilot on the Russian front in the fall of
        1916, with a Heineke sack-type affair. Later, another
        Austrian made a forced jump from a disabled plane,
        and Austrian and German pilots in greater numbers
        began carrying such parachutes and using them for
        emergency escape.

        Both sides used parachutes in observation balloons,
        but no parachutes were used in airplanes by any of
        the Allies in World War I until after the Armistice.
        They had been offered to U.S. front-line aviation
        by our S.O.S. as early as August, 1917, but were
        refused by the front-line commander until after the
        Germans had used them successfully in combat during
        the war in 1918.

In 1929, the first flight of the Aeronca C-2 (Flying Bathtub).
        The Aeronautical Corp of America manufactured the
        AERONCA C-2 at Lunken Airport in Cincinnati Ohio.
        It was powered by a 26 hp Aeronca E-107A.  Price for
        the C-2 Standard was $1555 lowered to $1545 and
        reduced to $1245 in 1931.

William Christopher:  born October 20, 1932
        MASH's Father Francis Mulcahy

In 1933, "Ace of Aces" was released in US theaters

In 1939, "Flying Deuces" was released in US theaters

In 1946, the United States Army Air Forces underwent a drastic
        reorganization.  It activated three combat commands:
        the Strategic Air Command, the Tactical Air Command,
        and the Air Defense Command. 

        The Strategic Air Command was created through a
        redesignation of the Continental Air Forces.  The
        Bolling Field headquarters went to SAC while the
        aircraft, men, bases and other resources were distributed
        between the three commands; the majority of them went
        to SAC. 

        General George C. Kenny was named as SAC's first
        commanding officer.  He was then the Senior U.S.
        Military Representative on the Untied Nations Military
        Staff Committee.  He did not assume command until
        October 15, 1946. SAC's mission is best described
        by General Carl Spaatz, Commanding General Army Air
        Forces.

In 1952, the first flight of the Douglas X-3 Flying Stiletto
        was made by pilot William Bridgeman.

In 1976, the first flight of the Fokker F-28 (-4000)

In 1995, the 18 flight for Columbia was launched as STS-73.
        Besides a microgravity lab, this was the first use
        of Hi-pac TV and ground to air TV.



                  October 21


Alfred Bernhard Nobel:  born October 21, 1833
        Inventor of Dynamite and established a fund for the
        annual Nobel Prizes

In 1879, Thomas A. Edison successfully demonstrated the
        first durable and commercially practical electric
        light bulb at his laboratory in Menlo Park, New
        Jersey. This model lasted 40 hours before burning
        out.

In 1917, the first flight test of the Liberty 12 cylinder
        engine was conducted in a Curtiss HS-1 Flying Boat
        at Buffalo, New York.

In 1920, a convoy of planes escorted the Alaskan Expedition
        back to Bolling Field.  The 9,000 mile round trip
        was completed in 112 hours.

In 1929, a German Dornier DO-X Flying Boat carried a record
        169 passengers for a one hour flight over Lake
        Constance, Switzerland.
       
        The Dornier Do X, originally equipped with twelve
        (12) Bristol Jupiter Engines of 550-hp each, was
        re-equiped with 625-hp V-12 Curtiss Conquerors.
        It had a wingspan of 157 feet. It took of from
        Lake Constance with an astounding 150-passengers
        plus a crew of ten and nine stow-aways.
        It carried 21,100 gallons of fuel and (in general)
        looked like an early Pan-Am Clipper.

        The a/c was designed by Claude Dornier and
        was completed at the Altenrhein Works. The Do X went
        on to tour the world, including the United States.

In 1929, the Colonial Flying Service and Scully Walton
        Ambulance Company organize the US's first civilian
        air ambulance service.

In 1936, Pan American inaugurated a passenger service route
        with stops in San Francisco, Honolulu, and Manila.
        The four-engine "China Clippers" cruised at 150 miles
        per hour. Passengers, who sat in broad armchairs and
        ate their meals with fine china and silverware, paid
        $1,438 for a round trip from San Francisco to Manila.
        The airlines purchased six Boeing B-314 aircraft to
        add to its Pacific-route fleet.

        The flight left Alameda at 2:59PM. The flight was made
        using the Hawaii Clipper, an M-130 and the sister ship
        to the China Clipper.  Arrival at Cavite Base, Manila,
        on October 27, 1936.

In 1941, in tests with MAD (Magnetic Airborne Detector or
        Magnetic Anomaly Detector) gear, a PBY from NAS
        Quonset Point located the submarine S-48.

In 1947, the first flight of the Northrop YB-49 flying wing
        jet bomber was made. The largest jet bomber at the
        time, it had a wingspan of 172 feet.  It's maiden
        run transited from the company's Hawthorne Airport
        to Muroc, California. The Northrop B-2 Stealth
        Bomber would bear a family resemblance to this
        plane.

Carrie Fisher:  born October 21, 1956
        Star Wars' Princess Leia

In 1960, the first flight of the British Aerospace Harrier
        (Hawker P-1127).

In 1970, the X-24A aerospace vehicle made its first
        supersonic flight.



                    October 22


In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the
        first parachute descent from a balloon in Paris,
        landing safely from a height of about 2,300 feet. 
        As legend has it, Garnerin had been arrested that
        morning because he had a bad habit of charging
        people to see him 'fly' in his balloon. 
       
        When he would fail to get the balloon airborne, he
        would not refund the money.  Apparently, after one
        too many complaints, the police moved in and put him
        in jail.  The police told him he had one chance to
        perform his ascent and parachute jump that
        afternoon.  If it wasn't successful, he would go
        straight back to jail. 
       
        That afternoon at around 5:30 PM, he began his
        ascent from Park Monceau.  The balloon rose quickly
        to an altitude of 700 meters and exploded.  Garnerin
        quickly bailed out and rode his parachute to a
        landing in the Plaine Monceau, about 1 km north of
        the park. A side note about the parachute, it was
        made of about 30 square meters of fabric with a 10
        meter diameter.  It also had no hole in the top so
        his ride included wild oscillations. 

In 1918, the two engine dirigible, C-1, was delivered to NAS
        Rockaway. It was flown from Akron, Ohio via
        Washington, DC.

In 1926, the first fleet demonstration of dive bombing
        effectiveness was conducted using F6C-2 Curtiss
        Fighters.  The planes dove from an altitude of
        12,000 feet over San Pedro, California.

In 1934, Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd was gunned down by the
        FBI in a cornfield near East Liverpool, Ohio.

Christopher Lloyd:  born October 22, 1938
        Taxi's Rev. Jim Ignatowski

In 1942, Westinghouse was authorized to construct the first
        jet engines of wholly American design.  The result
        was two 19A axial flow turbojet powerplants.

In 1955, the F-105A exceeded the speed of sound on its
        first flight.

In 1968, helicopters from HS-5 stationed on the Essex
        located and recovered Walter Schirra, Don Eisele and
        Walter Cunningham as they completed the first manned
        Apollo flight (7).

In 1992, the 13 flight for the space shuttle Columbia
        blasted off as STS-52 with six astronauts aboard for
        a 10-day mission that included a microgravity lab.


              
  October 23


Frederick William Lanchester:  born October 23, 1868
        English auto and aeronautics pioneer; writings
        include:
        "Aerial Flight Aerodynamics"  I and II  1907
        "Wright and Voisin types of flying machine" 1907
        "Laws of Flight Engineering" 25-Sept-08

        Aeronautic works include: 1894 Vortex theory
        of lift; 1896 Experimental gliders; 1897
        Stability in flight; 1916 Aircraft in Warfare

Bernt Balchen:  born October 23, 1899
        Co-pilot and navigator with Floyd Bennett; under
        the sponsorship of Joseph Wanamaker, flew the
        Ford trimotor monoplane `Josephine Ford' on a
        flying tour to more than 50 American cities in
        1926, thereby promoting commercial aviation as a
        safe, reliable, and practical means of transport;
        in 1927, piloted the first flight to carry United
        States mail over the Atlantic Ocean;

        the first pilot to fly a plane over the South Pole;
        was responsible for building in Greenland in the
        autumn of 1941 the air base Sondre Stromfjord, then
        known as `Bluie West Eight', that was used for
        ferrying warplanes to Europe; one of the founders
        of the Scandinavian Airlines System; pioneered
        commercial airline flight over the North Pole;
        primarily responsible for the pioneering and
        development of the strategic air base at Thule,
        Greenland; awarded the Byrd Antarctic Expedition
        Congressional Medal, the Distinguished Service
        Medal, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Legion
        of Merit, the Soldier's Medal, and the Air Medal.

In 1906, the second aircraft to attain sustained powered
        flight in aviation history was accomplished by
        Alberto Santos-Dumont, in Paris, flying his No.14 Bis,
        for 197 feet at grand altitude of 6.5 feet.
        He won 3,000 francs in prize money for his effort.

In 1909, Lt. Benjamin D. Foulois took his first flying
        lesson from Wilbur Wright.

In 1910, Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a
        solo, public airplane flight, reaching an altitude
        of 12 feet at a park in Ft. Wayne, Ind.

In 1922, the first demonstration of the reversable prop took
        place at Bolling Field.  It was manufactured by the
        American Prop Company.

In 1934, the official world speed record for a 100 km
        closed course was set by Flight Lt. John N.
        Boothman in S-1595, a Macchi-Castoldi 72, at
        Lago de Garda, Italy. Speed was 340.68 mph
        (709.07 km/h). Powerplant was a Fiat AS.6,

In 1951, X-1 (No. 2) made its last flight before being
        rebuilt into the X-1E.  This is the plane that is
        currently on display at NASA's Dryden Flight
        Research Center, Edwards AFB, California.

In 1952, the first flight of the Hughes XH-17 Flying Crane.
        For decades the XH-17 was the largest helicopter in
        history (I think it still is with rotor diameter). 

        To save money and hurry up the building of the XH-17
        Hughes used the front half of a Waco assault glider. 
        Also, the US Army was planning to order a more
        advanced version of the XH-17 that could lift "tanks",
        but funding was denied.

In 1956, the Hungarian Revolution started.  Freedom prevailed
        for just 12 days and on November 4 the Sovied Union
        re-invaded the country.

In 1961, the Mercury Capsule of Alan Shepard, Freedom 7, was
        presented to the Smithsonian Institution.

In 1961, the first flight of the Beech Model 23 Musketeer.

In 2003, British Airways flys its last commercial flight
       from London to New York with its Concorde SST. The
       aircraft will return to London with special
       invited guests and will be retired. The final Air
       France commercial flight was 31-May-2003 from JFK
       to CDG.



                    October 24


In 1901, Anna Edson Taylor, a 63-year-old widow (she
        claimed she was 43 <G>), became the first person
        to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel and live to
        tell about it. She was a Bay City, Michigan
        school teacher at the time.

In 1933, the Naval Aircraft Factory began development of a
        special anti-blackout abdominal belt for use "by
        pilots in dive bombing and other violent maneuvers".

In 1939, nylon stockings were sold to the public for the
        first time in Wilmington, Delaware.

In 1963, an experimental model of the Concorde was shown to
        the press.

In 1968, Bill Dana flies the final X-15 mission.



                  October 25


Richard Evelyn Byrd:  born October 25, 1888
        Born in Winchester, Virginia; was first to fly
        over both North (1926) & South (1929) Poles.

Floyd Bennett:  born October 25, 1890
        Pilot who flew Richard Byrd over North Pole on
        5/9/26; survived a crash while test piloting
        a three engine Fokker with Tony Fokker; caught
        pnemonia while on a rescue mission for the
        German plane Bremen in the Gulf of St. Lawrence
        and never recovered.

In 1910, Grace MacKenzie of Toronto is a passenger of Count
        Jacques de Lesseps in his Bleriot at Belmont Park,
        New York.

In 1911, Lt. T.G. Ellyson and J.H. Towers attempted to fly
        an A-1 from Annapolis to Ft. Monroe, VA.  They were
        forced down by a leaking radiator near Milford
        Haven, VA, but established a record by flying
        112 miles in 122 minutes.

In 1912, Ensign G. Dec. Chevalier reported for flight
        training at Annapolis.  He would become Naval
        Aviator #7.

John Reed King:  born October 25, 1914
        Voice of Sky King on the radio

In 1916, Bart Raynal Bolling was awarded the Expert
        Aviatiors Certificate.

In 1924, first appearance of Little Orphan Annie comic
        strip.

In 1924, Lt. R.A. Ofstie established a world seaplane record
        of 178 mph.

In 1924, the airship Shenandoah (ZR-1) completed a
        transcontinental trip covering 9,317 miles in 258
        flight hours.  It went from Fort Worth to San Diego
        to Tacoma to NAS Lakehurst.

In 1930, TWA begins offering coast to coast all air service.
        The trip takes 36 hours and includes an overnight
        stop in Kansas City.

In 1939, the prototype Handly Page Halifax (serial L-7244) made
        its first flight from RAF Bicester with J.L.B.H. Cordes
        at the controls.

In 1955, the first microwave oven sold by Tappan.

In 1990, the final test in a series of eight, using B-52
        No. 008 as the testbed, validates the drag chute
        deployment system for use on the space shuttle
        orbiters.

In 1991, the first flight of the Airbus A-340 (-300)



                   October 26
                  

In 1825, the Erie Canal opened in Albany, New York.

In 1909, Lt. Frederick E. Humphreys became the first Army
        officer to fly solo in Aeroplane No 1 (Heavier Than
        Air Division - US Aerial Fleet). The flight took
        place near College Park, Maryland.

In 1922, the first US Navy carrier landing took place aboard
        the USS Langley off Cape Henry.  Lt. Commander G.
        Chevalier piloted the Aeromarine 39B.

In 1924, the first launch by a compressed air turntable
        catapult was done at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. 
        Commander H.C. Richardson piloted the N-9 seaplane.

In 1925, Lt. James H. Doolittle, flying the Curtiss R3C-2
        floatplane, wins the Schneider Cup race in
        Baltimore, Maryland.  His average speed was 233 mph. 
        The next day he sets a world seaplane record of 246
        mph over a 3 km closed course.

In 1949, President Harry Truman signed a measure raising the
        minimum wage from 40 to 75 cents an hour.

In 1958, the first Boeing 707 was delivered to Pan Am.
        "Clipper America" was used by Pan Am for the first
        non-stop 707 (-120) jet service from New York
        to Paris  Flown the 28th of October, the trip took
        8 hours, 41 minutes and began regular daily jet service.

        The "American Clipper" was actually the third 707-121
        delivered to Pan Am (it was not a -120). The "American
        Clipper" was N711PA departing Idlewild and landing Orly.

        History of N711PA:

        N711PA, Boeing 707-121, Clipper America, notes:
        C/n 17590, delivered to Pan Am on 16 October 1958. It
        was the first Pan Am aircraft to fly trans-Atlantic jet
        service - 28 October 1958. It was later renamed Clipper
        Mayflower. In April 1965, this aircraft was converted
        to Boeing 707-121B standards. It was purchased on
        21 February 1975, by Pan Ayer. After being operated by
        a number of firms, including Turk Hava Yollari, the
        airframe was finally scrapped in August 1984, at
        Taipei, Taiwan.

In 1977, the last of the 13 captive and free flight tests
        with the space shuttle prototype Enterprise is
        flown, validating the orbiters glide and landing
        characteristics.  One of the two pilots aboard is
        Gordon Fullerton who later flew on the Columbia and
        Challenger.

In 1986, TWA acquires Ozark Airlines.



                   October 27

In 1858, Roland H. Macy opened Macy's Department Store in
        New York City; Gross receipts were $1,106 on the
        first day of business.

In 1909, the wife of Captain Ralph van Denman becomes the
        first woman airplane passenger in the US when the
        Wright brothers take her flying. The flight lasted
        four minutes.

In 1925, an Oleo shock absorbing landing gear was put in
        use.  It was first installed on NB-1's, FB-1's,
        UO-1's and SC-2's.

In 1931, the airship Akron (ZRS-4) was commissioned at NAS
        Lakehurst. Lt. Commander C.E. Rosendahl was the
        commanding officer.

John Cleese:  born October 27, 1939
        Monty Python Actor; Basil Fawlty

In 1947, the radio show "You Bet Your Life," starring
       Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC.

In 1972, the first flight of the Beech Model 200 Super King
       Air.



                   October 28


In 1886, the Statue of Liberty was dedicated by confetti
        (the first ticker tape parade) in the New York
        Harbor by President Cleveland in the presence
        of its sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi.

In 1914, aviators in Australia form an Austrailian Aero Club.

In 1924, Army Air Service planes broke up a cloud formation
        with electrified sand.  They flew at 13,000 feet
        over Bolling Field in Washington, DC.

In 1927, Pan American Airways began operations from Key
        West, Florida to Havana, Cuba using a Fokker
        Tri-motor.

In 1933, a contract was issued to Consolidated to begin
        design and construction of the XP3Y-1 Flying Boat.

In 1934, the Cierva C.30 made the first successful jump
        takeoff in which the rotor was first run up above
        normal flying speed by a clutch connection to the
        aircraft's engine.  The clutch was then disengaged
        and the rotor pitch increased for a vertical
        takeoff.  Many later autogiros were also designed
        for jump takeoffs, most using the same method as the
        C.30.  The C.30 proved to be the most popular
        production autogiro ever designed, with more
        than 180 of them being built.

In 1952, the first flight of the Douglas A-3 (A-3D
        Skywarrior).

In 1965, the Gateway to the West Arch (630' (190m) high) was
        completed in St Louis, Missouri.

In 1972, the first flight of the Airbus A-300, B-1
        prototype.



                   October 29


Daniel Decatur Emmett:  born October 29, 1815
        Born in Mount Vernon, Ohio; at seventeen, he joined
        the United States Army, becoming the leading fifer
        at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri. He was discharged
        on July 8, 1835, after the Army learned he had
        falsified his age in order to enlist;

        Emmett composed "Dixie" in the spring of 1859,
        while with Bryant's Minstrels in New York. The
        tune, written as a walkaround, became popular
        almost immediately and at the outbreak of the Civil
        War was popular in both the North and South. In the
        beginning of the war the troops of both armies marched
        to war to the tune of "Dixie" but by the end of 1861
        "Dixie" had become identified as a Southern tune, much
        to the chagrin of Emmett who was anything but a Southern
        sympathizer

In 1917, the first American License Built de Havilland DH-4 was
        completed and flown at Buffalo, New York.

        The DH-4 was the first British high-speed medium-weight
        utility aircraft.  In fact, the DH-4 had similar speed
        and climb-rate to fighters of its day. Designed by
        Geoffrey de Havilland while working at the Aircraft
        Manufacturing Co. (Airco), the first DH-4 flew in 1916
        and was known as the Airco D.H.4. 

        Used extensively for reconnaissance and day-bombing, the
        D.H.4 was the only early British aircraft to be built in
        large numbers in the U.S. (designated the DH-4). 
        U.S. DH-4s used the Liberty 12 engine.

Ed Kemmer:  born October 29, 1921
        Space Patrol's Cmdr. Buzz Corey; bio says he was a
        WWII fighter pilot

Bill Mauldin:  born October 29, 1921
        Born in Mountain Park, New Mexico; joined the 45th
        infantry division of the US Army; attained rank of
        Sargeant; ComicStrip cartoonist for Stars & Stripes
        where Willie and Joe were created.  He later served
        on the "Doolittle Commission" (in 1946).

In 1940, Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson drew the first
        number, 158, in America's first peacetime military
        draft in U.S. history.

In 1941, Patrol Squadron 82 received the first of PBO-1's at
        NAS Norfolk. These aircraft were actually destined
        for Britain and were painted in British markings.

In 1953, an F-100 set a speed record of 755 mph over a 9.3
        mile course. The SuperSabre was piloted by Lt. Col.
        Frank Everest at Edwards Air Force Base.

In 1963, the first 727 was delivered to United Airlines.

In 1990, formal go-ahead is given for the Boeing 777 jet
        transport project.

In 1992, the first delivery / service of the Bombardier
        Canadair RJ100


 
                   October 30

            

Admiral William Frederick "Bull" Halsey:  born October 30, 1882
        born in Elizabeth, NJ; commander of the United States
        Third Fleet in the Pacific; was promoted to the
        five-star rank of admiral of the fleet.

Angelo Siciliano:  born October 30, 1894
        aka Charles Atlas; bodybuilder; born in Acri, Calabria,
        Italy

In 1908, Henry Farman performs the first cross country flight
        and the first flight between two towns in Europe.

Robert Channing Seamans:  born October 30, 1918
        Aeronautical engineer; born in Salem, Mass.;
        9th Secretary of the US Air Force

In 1919, a reversible pitch propeller was first tested at
        McCook Field near Dayton, Ohio.

In 1923, Sadi Lecointe bettered his previous altitude
        record of 35,242 ft.  The new mark was set at
        36,565 ft.

In 1928, the United Aircraft and Transport Corporation is
        established as a holding company for Boeing
        concerns.

In 1935, the first B-17 prototype crashed on takeoff at
        Wright Field. Army Air Corps test pilot Ployer
        Hill The pilots took-off in the 299 and forgot
        to disengauge the gust lock. 
        The aircraft became airborne at 75mph (in the
        three-point attitude) and climbed into a stall
        as the positive attitude contiued to increase.

        http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=2478

In 1946, the first flight test of an ejection seat took
        place at Lakehurst NAS.  Lt. (jg) A.J. Furtek
        ejected from a JD-1 at 250 knots and an altitude of
        6,000 feet.

In 1949, "The Armed Forces Hour" debuted on NBC.

In 1949, Lt. G.A. Rullo and M.D. Kembro, CAP, flew a
        Sikorsky HO3S from NAS Seattle to NAS Alameda in 10
        hours, 50 minutes. This was an unofficial distance
        record of 755 miles.

In 1964, the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) "Flying
        Bedstead" is piloted on it's first flight by Joe
        Walker.

In 1979, the F/A-18 Hornet made it's first carrier landing
        at sea aboard the America for five days of sea
        trials.

In 1984, NASA's oldest aircraft, the C-47 that towed the
        M2-F1 lifting body aloft, is retired from Dryden.

In 1985, the 9th flight for the space shuttle Challenger was
        witnessed by the schoolteacher scheduled to fly
        aboard the spacecraft the following January, Christa
        McAuliffe.  It was launched as 61-A and was the
        first German Spacelab mission.



                   October 31

                 Happy Halloween!


Juliette Gordon Low:  born October 31, 1860
        Founded the Girl Guides which became the Girl Scouts
        of America

Sir George Hubert Wilkins:  born October 31, 1888
        Australian explorer; appointed commander of the
        photograph section of the Australian Forces in France;
       
        1926-1928, Wilkins was commander of the Wilkins-Detroit
        Arctic Expeditions sponsored by the Detroit Aviation
        Society and the Detroit News. It was during these
        expeditions that Wilkins and Ben Eielson made their
        historic first Trans-Arctic airplane flight from Point
        Barrow, Alaska to Spitzbergen. This event occurred in
        April of 1928. For his accomplishment, Wilkins was
        knighted by King George V of England.

        Wilkins returned to Antarctica during the period
        1928-1930 with financial support from William
        Randolph Hearst. Wilkins and pilot Ben Eielson made
        their historic first airplane flight over the
        Antarctic in 1928. During a break in 1929, Wilkins
        was a passenger aboard the Graf Zeppelin during
        its around the world trip. Wilkins reported on
        technical aspects of the zeppelin's flight.

        In 1931, Wilkins commanded the Nautilus submarine
        expedition to the Arctic. This was the first
        submarine to travel under the Arctic pack ice.
        During the 1930s, he traveled to the Antarctic
        four times as second-in-command of the Lincoln
        Ellsworth Antarctic Flight Expeditions.

        In 1937, Wilkins was in charge of the Alaskan-Canadian
        search section which was looking for the lost
        Soviet Polar Expedition which was commanded by
        Sigimund Levanevsky.

        On March 17, 1959, the nuclear submarine USS Skate
        surfaced at the North Pole and the crew conducted
        a ceremony in which Sir George Hubert Wilkins' ashes
        were scattered on the Arctic Ice.

In 1928, Boeing Air Transport Incorporated is acquired by
        Boeing Airplane and Transport Corp and operates as a
        subsidiary of that company.

In 1933, France's Air Minister formally inaugurates the country's
        national airline, Air France.

In 1933, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial was finally
        completed. It had been dedicated March 3, 1933. 
        It was completed by Gutzon Borglum's son James
        after his father died eight months earlier.

In 1945, George Schwartz "Wheaties" Welch was the first to fly
        the P-82B Twin Mustang.  He joined North American in
        1944 as a test pilot.

In 1954, Ensign Duane L. Varner of VF-34 completed a
        non-stop, non-refuel flight from Los Alamitos,
        California, to Cecil Field, Florida. The 1,900 mile
        trip took 3 hours, 58 minutes in a F2H-2 Banshee.

In 1956, Rear Adm. G.J. Dufek became the first person to
        arrive by airplane at the South Pole.  Dufek,
        CTF-43, ComNavSupFor, Antartica, was accompanied by
        Captain D.L. Cordiner, CO, Air Development Squadron
        6, Captain William M. Hawkes, Co-Pilot, Lt.
        Commander C.S. Shinn, Pilot, Lt. John Swadener,
        Navigator, J.P. Strider, AD2, Crew Chief and William
        Cumbie, AT2, Radioman.  They used a R4D Skytrain. 
        The last person there was Robert Scott of the Royal
        Navy in January, 1912.

In 1979, pilot Fitz Fulton and engineer Victor Horton
        conduct the last research flight of the NASA YF-12.



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In October 1969 (day unknown), XB-52A (serial #52-003) which
        had been used as the X-15 mother ship was returned
        to storage at Davis Monthan AFB in Arizona.  It was
        later passed on to the Pima County Air Museum in
        Tuscon, Airzona.