This Day in Aviation History Files, compiled by Don Kutter on the AVSIG forum at www.avsig.com


                    November 1


In 1870, at 7:35 a.m., the first systematized and
        synchronous meteorological reports were taken by
        observer-sergeants at 24 stations in the new agency.
        These observations, which were transmitted by
        telegraph to the central office in Washington, D.C.,
        commenced the beginning of the new division of the
        Signal Service.

        From 1871 to 1886,  most weather training for Signal
        Service forecasters and observers was conducted at
        Fort Myer, Virginia. In fact, Fort Myer was named
        for General James Myer, the Army's first commander
        of the Signal Service.  The first military test
        flights were made from the parade field at Fort
        Myer on September 3, 1908. On that date, Orville
        Wright succeeded in keeping his plane aloft for
        1 minute and 11 seconds. Six days later, he made
        57 complete circles over the same field.
 
Anton Flettner:  born November 1, 1885
        Inventor of the rotor ship, a vessel propelled by
        revolving cylinders mounted vertically on the ship.
        He also invented the Flettner trim tab for aircraft
        and the Flettner marine rudder. Hired by the
        Zeppelin Company in 1905; worked there for 60
        years; began designing helicopters with the
        Gigant in the early 1930's; it was a single
        place helicopter with a 100 foot diameter rotor.

Oskar Barnack:  born November 1, 1879
        Designed the first 35mm camera, the Ur-Leica. The
        first quality photos were done in 1914, although
        WW-I delayed intro to the public until 1925. It's
        been said he originally meant for it to serve as
        an exposure meter for the movie industry. They would
        load it with the same film the movie cameras were
        using, shoot a few frames and develop the film on
        the spot in a darkroom tent.

In 1919, The Aerological School at NAS Pensacola opened with
        a class of one Marine Corps and four Navy officers.

In 1919, the first flight of Aeromarine West Indies
        Airways. This was the first contracted US airmail
        flight, the first passenger service between Miami
        and Havana and the first US airline to receive a
        foreign airmail contract. Aeromarine was born when
        Aero Limited and West Indies Airways merged.

In 1920, The third of a series of tests to determine the
        effectiveness of aerial bombs against ships was
        completed, using the old battleship Indiana
        (Battleship No. 1) as a target. The tests
        which began on 14 October were conducted at Tangier
        Sound in the Chesapeake Bay under carefully
        controlled conditions to determine both the accuracy
        with which bombs could be dropped on stationary
        targets and the damage caused by near-misses and
        direct hits.

In 1922, the first engineer-in-charge appointed for NACA
        Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, Leigh M. Griffith.

In 1923, Robert H. Goddard successfully operated a liquid
        oxygen and gasoline rocket motor on a testing frame,
        both fuel components being supplied by pumps
        installed on the rocket.

In 1934, the Naval Aircraft Factory was authorized to
        manufacture and test a flush-deck hydraulic
        catapult, Type H Mark I. This catapult was designed
        to launch landplanes from aircraft carriers and was
        the Navy's initial development of a hydraulic
        catapult, a type which was to prove capable of
        extensive refinement and which eventually was to be
        accepted as a primary means of launching landplanes
        from carriers.

In 1944, the nation's first center devoted to the research
        and development of rocket propulsion systems,
        founded at Cal Tech in 1936, was reorganized and
        renamed the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

In 1944, (through December 7), representatives of 52 nations
        (excluding Axis nations and U.S.S.R.) met in the
        International Civil Aviation Conference in Chicago;
        they turned down "blue skies" legal concept and
        reaffirmed doctrine of national sovereignty in air
        space, and established the Provisional International
        Civil Aviation Organization (PICAO) to regulate
        international air commerce.

In 1947, the U.S. Naval Parachute Unit moved from NAS
        Lakehurst to NAS El Centro, Calif. Its mission was
        research, development and testing of parachutes,
        parachute recovery systems and ejectable seat
        capsules.

In 1955 (through November 3), the NACA Conference on
        Aerodynamics of High Speed Aircraft at Langley, at
        which Yernon J. Rossow presented paper on "Examples
        of Favorable Interference Effects on the Lift-Drag
        Characteristics of Aerodynamic Shapes at Supersonic
        Speeds."

In 1959, Jacques Plante becomes the first hockey goaltender
        to wear a facemask.

In 1991, a series of flight tests with a pressure sensitive
        luminescent paint are successfully completed on
        Dryden's F-104 #826 opening the door for a new
        method of measuring surface pressures on aircraft.

***

                   November 2

                 
Alexander Lippisch:  born November 2, 1894
        Born in Munich, Germany; a pioneer of aerodynamics;
        designed first tailless glider in 1921; joined
        Messerschmitt in 1939 and designed the Me-163
        in 1940; designed a high speed smoke tunnel while
        working for Collins Radio in Iowa.

Ray Walston:  born November 2, 1914
        Actor; "My favorite Martian"

In 1917, twelve men who had organized as the Second Yale
        Unit and had taken flight training at their own
        expense at Buffalo, N.Y., were commissioned as
        Ensigns, USNRF, and soon after received their
        designations as Naval Aviators.

In 1922, the Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial
        Services Company Ltd. (QANTAS) flew their first
        passenger.  It was an 84 year old outback pioneer,
        Alexander Kennedy.  The pilot was Hudson Fysh and
        Kennedy was carried along the Longreach - Winton -
        McKinlay - Cloncurry section of the inaugural air
        mail route from Charleville to Cloncurry in the
        Royal Aircraft Factory BE2E.

In 1923, Lieutenant H. J. Brow, flying an R2C-1 equipped
        with a Curtiss D-12 engine, established a world's
        speed record at Mitchel Field, Long Island,
        averaging 259.47 m.p.h. in four flights over the
        3-kilometer course.

In 1923, flexural fatigue machine for testing sheet
        duralumin stopped after 200 million alterations, on
        a 389-day nonstop run at the Bureau of Standards.
        Check calibration gave same reading as the original
        calibration on October 5, 1922.

In 1929, twenty six women gathered at Curtiss Airport,
        Valley Stream, New York. The first order of business
        was selection of Neva Paris as temporary chairman.
        Business was conducted in a hangar above the din of
        a Curtiss Challenger engine running up as the work
        of the mechanics proceeded around them. Tea was
        served from a toolbox wagon on wheels.
       
        Club eligibility and purpose were quickly decided
        upon. Membership would be open to any woman with a
        pilot's license, and the purpose was "good
        fellowship, jobs, and a central office and files on
        women in aviation."  Choosing a name was a little
        harder. Some suggestions were The Climbing Vines,
        Noisy Birdwomen, Homing Pigeons and Gadflies.

        Amelia Earhart and Jean Davis Hoyt put a stop to the
        nonsense, proposing the name be taken from the sum
        total of charter members. Thus, the group was
        momentarily the 86s, then the 97s and finally the
        99s. Amelia Earhart became the group's first elected
        president in 1931.

In 1938, a revision of the pilot training syllabus was
        approved instituting minor adjustments in the flight
        program and changes of greater significance in the
        ground program. A special course was added for
        flight surgeons, celestial navigation was added for
        enlisted students, and gameboard problems were
        introduced as a practical approach to instruction in
        scouting and search.

In 1942, NAS Patuxent River was established to serve as a
        facility for testing experimental airplanes,
        equipment and material, and as a NATS base.

In 1943, 1st Lt. Marion F. Kirby, P-38 pilot with the 475th
        Fighter Group's 431st Squadron achieves Ace Status
        when he downs two A6M's (Zeros) over Rabaul at 1340
        hours. Kirby was flying P38H-5 42-66827 -- #125
        "Maiden Head Hunter." For this action he was awarded
        the Silver Star. He flew that day not being in the
        best of health but would not have someone else risk
        themselves on his account. "Of these qualities such
        men are made!"

        Squadron History NOTE: In the downing of the 5th A6M,
        Kirby had dived steeply to drive (the) Japanese
        fighter off the tail of a B-25 making a bombing run
        on Rabaul. Kirby thus exposed himself to other
        defending Japanese fighters who attacked him. After
        making his curving firing pass on the [then] burning
        Zero he continued to roll to the deck and outran his
        pursuers.

In 1944, a Boeing F-13 (photo reconnaissance B-29) makes the
        first flight over Tokyo since 1942.

In 1954, the XFY-1 delta wing experimental fighter, piloted
        by J. F. Coleman, made a successful flight at NAS
        Moffett Field, consisting of vertical takeoff,
        transition to horizontal and return to vertical
        position for landing. The first free vertical
        takeoff had been made 1 August. For his contribution
        to the art of flying, in testing the XFY-1, Coleman
        was later awarded the Harmon International Trophy
        for 1955.

In 1956, the Navy announced award of a contract with
        Westinghouse Electric to design and furnish reactor
        components for a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier.

In 1959, a student training flight at NAS Pensacola by 2nd
        Lieutenant David K. Mosher USMC and his instructor
        Lieutenant Commander R. A. MacDonell inaugurated use
        of the T2J Buckeye in Basic Training.

In 1960, the first U-2 to be on public display in the US was
        unveiled at Patrick AFB in Cocoa Beach, Florida.

In 1993, the first flight of the Airbus A-330 (-300)



                   November 3

       
Karl Baedeker:  born November 3, 1801
        Born in Essen, Duchy of Oldenburg; known for his
        guidebooks; first guidebook published in 1828 -
        The Rhine from Mainz to Cologne

In 1909, Lieutenant George C. Sweet was taken up as a
        passenger in the first Army Wright Military Flyer by
        Lieutenant Frank P. Lahm, USA, at College Park, Md. 
        As a result, Sweet is credited with having been the
        first Navy officer to fly in an airplane.

Charles Buchinsky: born November 3, 1922
        Aka Charles Bronson:  Actor; born in Ehrenfield, PA;
        was a USAAF "Tail Gunner" in B-29s

In 1931, the rigid dirigible Akron (ZRS-4) made a 10-hour
        flight out of Lakehurst carrying aloft 207 persons,
        a new record for the largest number of individuals
        carried into the air by a single craft.

In 1946, the airship XM-1 landed at Naval Air Facility,
        Glynco, Ga., completing a flight of 170.3 hours, a
        world record for duration in self-sufficient flight
        for any type aircraft. The flight, with Lieutenant
        H. R. Walton in command, left Lakehurst, N.J., on
        27 October, followed the Atlantic coast to Savannah,
        Ga., then seaward to the Bahamas, to Florida,
        to Cuba, over the Gulf of Mexico and back to Glynco.

In 1949, Charles B. Moore (General Mills) made first manned
        flight in a polyethelene balloon over Minneapolis,
        Minn.

In 1957, Sputnik II, the world's second manmade satellite,
        launched by U.S.S.R. and remained in orbit until
        April 13, 1958, carrying a dog named "Laika." It was
        the first vehicle to carry a living organism into
        orbit.

In 1959, a C-133 made the first delivery of an Atlas ICBM

In 1963, a Boeing 727 completed a 76,000 mile world tour to
        26 countries.



                    November 4


In 1846, B.F. Palmer of Meredith, New Hampshire, received a
        patent for an artificial leg.

Will Rogers:  born November 4, 1879
        Born near Oologah, OK; Actor, author; Perished with
        Wiley Post in a plane crash in 1935

In 1910, the 1st dirigible to fly from England to France is
        the British non-rigid airship City of Cardiff, built
        by E.T. Willows.

In 1917, the Dornier Rs III seaplane flew for the first time.
        It was nicknamed the Flying Iron.

In 1923, Lieutenant Alford J. Williams, flying an R2C-1
        Curtiss Racer equipped with a Curtiss D-12 engine,
        raised the world's speed record to 267.16 m.p.h. at
        Mitchell Field, Long Island, bettering the record set
        by Lieutenant Brow only two days before. 

        According to the "FAI sanctioning authority" the world
        record was broken the next year on 11 Dec 1924 by
        Adj. Chef A. Bonner at 278.47 mph [448.15 km/h] flying
        a "Ferbois V-2 at Istres, France.

Alfred Heineken:  born November 4, 1923
        Founder of Heineken brewery

In 1927, Capt. H. C. Gray (AAC) ascended to 42,470 feet, the
        identical altitude of his May flight, but he did not
        survive the flight and thereby failed again to
        achieve official world record.

In 1932, the first flight of the first aircraft
        produced by Walter H. Beech and his wife,
        Olive Ann Beech. It was the Model 17 biplane
        produced from drawings by Ted Wells. In Wichita
        Kansas Airport Tests, pilot "Pete" Hill indicated
        that this bird achieved a maxmimum speed of 201
        mph. This "very same" airplane was sold to the Ethyl
        Corporation, at the Miami (FL) Air races in January
        of 1933, and it won the Texaco Trophy. The first
        A-17F's had a 1820 engine and fixed gear.

        As of November 1, 2004 this "very same" airplane
        [N499N] is located at the STAGGERWING MUSEUM
        [FOUNDATION] in TULLAHOMA,TENNESSEE.

Loretta Swit:  born November 4, 1937
        Margaret 'hot lips' Houlihan in MASH

In 1953, the first DC-7 was delivered to American Airlines.
        American promptly began non-stop coast to coast service.

November 4, 1956, the Hungarian Freedom Fighter Radio
        Station broadcast these last words:

        "People of the world, listen to our call. Help us
        not with words, but with actions, with soldiers and
        arms. Please do not forget that this wild attack of
        Bolshevism will not stop. You may be the next
        victim. Save us... Our ship is sinking. The light
        vanishes. The shadows grow darker from hour to hour.
        Listen to our cry. Start moving. Extend to us your
        brotherly hands... God be with you and us."

In 1960, the USAF revealed the use of a converted C-97 as an
        airborne command post.


 
                    November 5


Leon Teisserenc de Bort:  born November 5, 1855
        Born in Paris; meteorologist; Pioneer in
        the use of unmanned, instrumented balloons;
        In 1900, he concluded the atmosphere is
        divided up into the troposphere and the 
        stratosphere.

In 1910, the Willows airship No 3, City of Cardiff,
        arrives after the 1st dirigible flight across
        the English Channel, flying from London in
        10 hours and 30 minutes.

In 1911, according to The Orlando Sentinel, Calbraith
        P. Rodgers arrived in Pasadena, CA, completing
        the first transcontinental airplane trip in
        49 days.

In 1915, Lieutenant Commander H. C. Mustin, in the AB-2
        flying boat, made the first catapult launching from
        a ship, flying off the stern of North Carolina (ACR
        12) in Pensacola Bay.

In 1923, a series of tests, designed to show the feasibility
        of stowing a seaplane aboard the submarine S-l and
        launching it, were completed at the Hampton Roads
        Naval Base. A crew from the Langley, supervised by
        Lieutenant Commander V. C. Griffin, had cooperated
        with the S-l's Commanding Officer, Lieutenant P. M.
        Rhea, in carrying out the tests which involved
        removing a disassembled Martin MS-1 from a tank on
        the submarine, assembling it, and launching it by
        submerging the submarine.

In 1930, Col. Eddie Rickenbacker was presented with the
        Congressional Medal of Honor by President Herbert H.
        Hoover at Bolling Field.

In 1930, the Director of Naval Research Laboratory reported
        that Mr. L. C. Young and Mr. L. A. Hyland, while
        conducting experiments in the directional effects of
        radio, had detected an airplane flying overhead.
        This led to the formal establishment of a project at
        the Naval Research Laboratory for "Detection of
        Enemy Vessels and Aircraft by Radio."

In 1948, to meet the requirements of landing aircraft
        weighing up to 50,000 pounds at speeds as high as
        105 knots, a project was initiated at Naval Aircraft
        Factory for design of Mark 7 high energy absorption
        arresting gear.

In 1956, U-2 #6693 was delivered.  This was the plane Gary
        Powers was shot down in.

In 1959, the third powered flight of the X-15 (No. 2).

In 1976, the latest model of the Sea Cobra helicopter, the
        AH-1T, was turned over to the Marine Corps from Bell
        Helicopter Textron for further testing. The new
        version offers an improved payload of 4,392 pounds
        over the previous payload of 2,739 pounds.

In 2003, a British Airways Concorde arrived at Boeing Field
        at 2:30 PM today.  It will be on permanent loan from
        BA to the Museum of Flight.  It will be on static
        display for a couple of days, then it will be towed
        across the street for some decomissioning work. 

        It was a great, clear and sunny day for its arrival. 
        The Concorde overflew BFI, then SEA, made a left turn
        back toward the east, then turned northwest and lined
        up for final on 31L.  Not many folks get to use that
        scheme for an arrival at BFI.  Obviously special
        handling was in order. 

        The Concorde made the trip from NY (JFK) to SEA in
        3:55:12, a new record for that trip.  Overflew Canada
        for an hour and a half of supersonic flight.

        G-BOAG.  "Concorde Alpha Golf, cleared to land 31 Left".



                   November 6
 

Antoine Joseph Sax:  born November 6, 1814
        Born in Dinant, Belgium; first of 11
        children; developed the first saxophone

Charles Henry Dow:  born November 6, 1851
        Born in Sterling, CT; journalist; In 1882,
        founded the Dow Jones Co with Edward Jones;
        Dow Jones Industrial Average (12 companies)
        debuted in 1896.

Sir John William Alcock:  born November 6, 1892
        Pioneer aviator; served with the Royal Navy
        Air Service in WW-I; With Sir Arthur Brown he
        made the first non-stop flight across the
        Atlantic in June 1919.   

        I can't immediately find the reference, but
        I think that both Alcock and Brown had American
        antecedents. Alcock was something of a wild man. 
        He was decorated in combat, but he was also
        remembered for trying to make a flying machine,
        a strange hybrid out of bits and pieces of a
        Camel, a Triplane and other Sopwith odds and
        ends.  He completed it if that's the right word,
        but was shot down by the Turks before he got a
        chance to fly it.  It was later flown by somebody
        else.

        He was one of the lucky few who managed to find
        employment in aviation after the War, but he died
        six months later while trying to land in heavy
        fog near Rouen in France. Thanks Jeremy

In 1915, the first catapult launching from a ship underway,
        made by a Curtiss AB-2 Flying Boat from the U.S.S.
        North Carolina in Pensacola Bay, by Lt. Cmdr. H. C.
        Mustin (Naval Aviator No. 11). This was the first
        catapult launch of an aircraft from a moving ship in
        history. The Secretary of the Navy (F.D.R.) made the
        announcement of this achievement. Both the Brits and
        Americans had flown from moving decks, but had not
        yet    been catapulted.

In 1918 (through November 7),  Robert H. Goddard fired
        several rocket devices before representatives of the
        Signal Corps, Air Service, Army Ordnance, and others
        at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.

In 1923, Lieutenant Al Williams, in an R2C-1, climbed to
        5,000 feet in one minute, bettering the best
        previously reported climb of 2,000 feet in the same
        time.

In 1927, Lt. "Al" Williams  flew a Kirkham racing plane
        powered with 1,250-hp 24-cylinder Packard engine at
        unofficial speed of 322.6 mph.

In 1935, a prototype Hawker Hurricane first flown, the later
        models of which destoyed more German aircraft in the
        Battle of Britain than all other British defenses,
        air and ground, combined.

In 1944, recognition of the future importance of turbojet
        and turboprop powerplants led the Bureau of
        Aeronautics to request the Naval Air Material Center
        to study requirements for a laboratory to develop
        and test gas-turbine powerplants. This initiated
        action which led to the establishment of the Naval
        Air Turbine Test Station, Trenton, New Jersey.

In 1945, Ensign Jake C. West, with VF-41 embarked on Wake
        Island for carrier qualifications with the Ryan
        FR-1, lost power on the forward radial engine
        shortly after take-off, forcing him to start his aft
        General Electric J-31 jet engine. He returned to the
        U.S.S. Wake Island off the coast of San Diego and
        made a successful landing, the first jet landing
        aboard a carrier.

In 1945, the first broadcast of "Meet the Press".

In 1958, X-1E #2 makes its final flight and was retired.
        Pilot was John McKay.  It is the aircraft now on
        display at the NASA Dryden Research Center, Edwards
        AFB, California.

In 1967, an SP-5B Marlin of VP-40 at NAS North Island made
        the last operational flight by seaplanes of the U.S.
        Navy. With Commanders J. P. Smolinski and G. Surovik
        as pilot and copilot and 15 passengers including
        Rear Admiral C. A. Karaberis on board, the flight
        ended sea-plane patrol operations in the Navy. For
        more than fifty years, seaplanes had been a mainstay
        in the Navy's enduring effort to adequately
        integrate aeronautics with the fleet.

In 1968, the lighter-than-air hangar at NAS Lakehurst was
        designated a National Historic Landmark by the
        National Park Service of the Department of the
        Interior.

                    
                    November 7


In 1836, the "Royal Vauxhall Balloon" made its first flight
        from London to Weilberg in the German Duchy of
        Nassau.  Aboard were Charles Green, Monck Mason and
        Robert Holland. Afterwards, the balloon was renamed
        "The Great Nassau Balloon".

Marie Sklodowska Curie:  born November 7, 1867
        Scientist; 1898 discovered Radium with husband
        Pierre; won two Nobel prizes, one in Physics and
        one in Chemistry

In 1893, Colorado becomes the first state to allow women to
        vote.

In 1907, the Signal Corps is alloted $25,000 to procure an
        airplane.  Specifications were issued in December and
        the following summer, a Wright biplane with a 35 hp
        engine.

        SPECIFICATIONS
        Span: 36 ft. 6 in.
        Length: 28 ft. 11 in.
        Height: 7 ft. 10 1/2 in.
        Weight: 740 lbs.
        Engine: Four cylinder Wright of 30.6 hp.
        Cost: $25,000 plus $5000 bonus

        PERFORMANCE
        Maximum speed: 42 mph.
        Maximum endurance: 1 hr. (approx.)

        Back in the United States, following acceptance
        of the aircraft, the Army moved its aviation activities
        to College Park, Maryland, which had a larger flying
        field.

        On October 8, Wilbur began giving flying lessons to
        Lieutenants Lahm and Fredrick E. Humphreys. Wilbur
        had installed an additional set of levers on the plane
        next to the student seat so that he could control the
        plane. The flights were quite short, although by
        October 21, the newspapers reported that Wright had
        taken Lieutenant Humphreys up for 27 minutes and
        Humphreys had handled the plane for most of the time.

        When Lieutenant Foulois returned from France, where
        he had been representing the U.S. Government at a
        conference, Wilbur agreed to teach him to fly too,
        even though it was not part of the contract with the
        Army. Foulois' lessons began on October 23, but they
        did not last long enough for him to become really
        proficient before he was ordered to Fort Sam Houston,
        Texas.

        Humphreys soloed on October 26, flying for two minutes
        and becoming the Army's first "pilot." Lahm soloed soon
        after on a seven-minute flight. Both men made beautiful
        landings. Wilbur was so pleased with these flights that
        the next day he took up a friend of Katharine's, Mrs.
        Van Deman, wife of Captain Ralph Van Deman of the 21st
        Infantry, for a ride.

        Within several weeks, Lahm and Humphrey were ordered
        to return to duty with their respective Army units. The
        Aeronautical Division was left with one airplane, which
        had been damaged on one of the recent flights, and a
        handful of airplane mechanics. Lieutenant Foulois was
        ordered to take the airplane to Fort Sam Houston and
        teach himself to fly it, even though he had never
        soloed, or taken off, or landed during the few lessons
        Wilbur had given him.

In 1910, the Wright Company's airplane, flying from Dayton
        to Columbus, Ohio, carried 10 bolts of silk to the
        Morehouse-Martens Company - the first use of an
        airplane to carry commercial freight.

In 1932, the first radio broadcast of "Buck Rogers in the
        25th Century".

In 1936, Robert Goddard flew gyro-controlled rocket to
        7,500-foot altitude, near Roswell, New Mexico.

In 1940, the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapses during a wind
        storm.

In 1945, Bell Aircraft Corp. announced successful test
        flights of a jet-propelled P-59 by remote control;
        television was used to read the instruments.

In 1958, a bidders conference was held by NASA for a
        manned-satellite capsule for Project Mercury.

In 1962, the first flight of the Piper Twin Comanche(PA-30).

In 1976, the first flight of the Dassault Mystere Falcon 50.

In 1979, Col. J. Sullivan and Col. R. Upstrom made the last
        flight in the YF-12A (#935).  It was a ferry flight
        to deliver the aircraft to the USAF Museum, Wright
        Patterson AFB, Dayton, Ohio.

In 2001, the British Air and Air France Concords both returned
        to commercial service.  Both aircraft touched down
        around 9:00 AM at JFK Airport.  These were the first
        commercial flights since the accident on July 25, 2000.


                  November 8


Sir Edmond Halley:  born November 8, 1656
        Astronomer; Halley's Comet is named for him. He did
        the historical research and orbital analysis that
        demonstrated that the orbit of what came to be known
        as Halley's Comet -- sightings of which have been
        recorded for a couple of thousand years -- was actually
        repeated sightings of the same astronomical body. The
        final proof came when it returned when he predicted it
        would. Sadly, the return that he predicted occurred
        after his death.

In 1789, Bourbon was first distilled by the Reverand Elijah
        Craig in Bourbon County, Kentucky.

Robert Esnault-Pelterie:  born November 8, 1881
        French aviation pioneer of monoplanes which were
        powered by radial engines with an odd number of
        cylinders.  He is also credited with developing
        the central column for roll and pitch control
        commands;  built the first all metal monoplane
        in 1907. He is credited with inventing ailerons
        and coining the word Astronautics.

In 1911, Ensign V. D. Herbster, later designated Naval
        Aviator No. 4, reported for flight instruction at
        the Aviation Camp at Annapolis.

In 1916, Lieutenant C. K. Bronson, Naval Aviator No. 15, and
        Lieutenant Luther Welsh, on an experimental bomb
        test flight at Naval Proving Ground, Indian Head,
        Md., were instantly killed by the premature
        explosion of a bomb in their plane.

In 1922, Air Service Medical Research Laboratory and School
        for Flight Surgeons was designated School of
        Aviation Medicine.

In 1943, the Naval Ordnance Test Station, Inyokern,
        California, was established for research,
        development and testing weapons and to provide
        primary training in their use.

In 1950, the first aerial victory of one jet airplane over
        another was recorded when a USAF Lockheed F-80c
        piloted by Lt. Russel J. Brown, Jr. downed a
        Russian-built MiG-15 over Sinuiju.

In 1956, a Navy Stratolab balloon, manned by Lieutenant
        Commanders M. D. Ross and M. L. Lewis, bettered the
        existing world altitude record by soaring to 76,000
        feet over the Black Hills of South Dakota on a
        flight designed to gather meteorological, cosmic
        ray, and other scientific data necessary to improved
        safety at high altitudes. The plastic STRATOLAB
        balloon landed 175 miles away near Kennedy,
        Nebraska, and broke the record of 72,395 feet
        (22,066 meters) set in 1935 by O. A. Anderson
        and A. W. Stevens.
        For this record ascent the men were awarded the 1957
        Harmon International Trophy for Aeronauts.

In 1965, the first flight of the Canadair 400.

In 1971, the jet-powered S-3A, Navy's newest antisubmarine
        warfare aircraft, made its official roll-out at
        Lockheed-California Company's Burbank facility. 
        Christened the Viking, the aircraft was designed to
        replace the aging S-2 Tracker.

In 1978, the first flight of the prototype Canadair CL-600
        Challenger.
***

                   November 9


In 1912, Pop Warner, head coach of the Carlisle School for
        Indians, guided his team to a 27 - 6 victory over
        the Army team. Playing halfback for the Army was
        Dwight D. Eisenhower.

In 1917, permission was received from the Argentine
        Government to use three Argentine Naval Officers,
        recently qualified as U.S. Naval Aviators, as
        instructors in the ground school at Pensacola.

In 1932, Wolfgang von Gronau and a crew in a Dornier Wal
        complete the first flight around the world in a
        seaplane. The flight took 111 days.

Carl Sagan:  born November 9, 1934
        Born in Brooklyn, NY; Astronomer and mathemetician;
        pioneer in exobiology; consultant and advisor to
        NASA; worked on Apollo, Mariner, Voyager and Galileo
        missions.

In 1948, Navy transport squadrons, transferred from the
        Pacific to assist in Operation Vittles, began flying
        cargo into Berlin.

In 1951, X-1 (No. 3) rocket research airplane and its B-29
        "mother" airplane were destroyed on the ground by
        explosion and fire.

Stephen Patrick Conners:  born November 9, 1954
        born in the base hospital at Wright Patterson AFB
        near Dayton, Ohio; graduated in April 1976 from
        Duquesne University with a BS in Physics and a
        PPL which he did in his spare time.

        He flew all that summer to get the time needed for
        commercial and instrument ratings.  He also got
        the multi rating in a Champion Lancer 402 in one
        day.  Classroom in the morning, fly in the
        afternoon, then checkride.  The plane was a twin
        Aeronca with two C-150 engines, a wheel in the
        front, a stick in the back, no radios, no gyros,
        tricycle gear, and throttles in the ceiling.  No
        prop controls, simulate feathering by going to
        zero thrust. 

        He was called up to Nav school and sent off to
        Mather AFB in Sacramento for nearly two years,
        being also sent to Electronic Warfare school
        afterwards.  While in Sacramento he dropped sky
        divers at Yolo airport, and got his glider rating
        at Air Sailing north of Reno near Pyramid Lake. 
        He got his commercial single and  multi tickets,
        and instrument checkride at Sacramento Executive.

        Went on to get a Master's Degree in Nuclear
        Engineering at AFIT in Dayton and an A&P rating
        from Embry Riddle in Daytona, FL.  Besides
        owning a 1968 Cardinal and a 1947 Luscombe 8A,
        he flew over 2,100 hours in B-52's. Also had
        civil pilot time over 3500 hours in 57 types.

        In addition to his numerous positions, he was
        awarded 2 Air Force Commendation Medals, the
        Humanitarian Service Medal and the Air Force
        Achievement Medal.

In 1956, a Sikorsky HR2S helicopter, piloted by Major R. L.
        Anderson, USMC, at Windsor Locks, Conn., began a
        3-day assault on world records, setting three new
        marks as follows: 9 November, carried a payload of
        11,050 pounds to an altitude over 12,000 feet;
        10 November, carried 13,250 pounds to over
        7,000 feet; and 11 November, set a speed record of
        162.7 m.p.h. over a three-kilometer course.

In 1959, the entire outer Van Allen radiation belt broke up
        and disappeared for several days, according to data
        analysis from EXPLORER VII reported at AAAS meeting
        in New York, December 29, 1960.

In 1961, the X-15 was flown to announced record 4,070 miles
        per hour (Mach 6) by Maj. Robert White, U.S. Air
        Force, in top-speed test flight, making safe landing
        with outer right windshield cracked. This speed was
        revised on November 11.

In 1967, USS Bennington recovered the unmanned Apollo 4
        spacecraft about 600 miles northwest of Hawaii and
        after its 8-hour orbital flight.

In 1978, the U.S. Marine Corps' newest light attack
        aircraft, the AV-8B, flew for the first time at
        McDonnell Douglas Corporation in St. Louis. The
        AV-8B Harrier had more than double the payload and
        radius of its predecessor, the AV-8A.

In 1995, the first B-2 (Spirit of Missouri) delivered to
        Whiteman was returned to Northrop Grumman's
        Palmdale, California, assembly plant to undergo
        upgrading to Block 30 status.


                November 10
 

John Knudsen Northrop:  born November 10, 1895
        Born in Newark, NJ; began work in 1916 for
        the Loughead Brothers as an engineering
        draftsman; in 1916, moved to Douglas as
        a designer and a project engineer; went to
        Lockheed in 1927; in 1929 he founded
        Northrop Aircraft Co.

Major General Edwin Anderson Walker:  born November 10, 1909
        US Army General; Led the Devil's Brigade at the
        Anzio beachhead.

In 1917, A Navy "flying bomb," manufactured by the Curtiss
        Company, was delivered to the Sperry Flying Field at
        Copiague, Long Island, for testing. In addition to
        this specially designed aircraft, N-9's were also
        converted for automatic operations as flying bombs.

Mikhail Kalashnikov:  born November 10, 1919
        Inventor of the AK-47

In 1932, a contract for 125 sets of GF radios was issued to
        the Aviation Radio Corporation. This was the first
        production order for radio equipment suitable for
        installation in single-seat fighters.

In 1948 (through November 12), the first symposium on
        aeromedical problems of space travel was held at the
        School of Aviation Medicine, San Antonio, Texas.

In 1949, Piasecki HRP-2 passenger transport helicopter made
        first test flight.

In 1961, in reviewing NASA's communications satellite
        programs, Administrator Webb pointed out that it had
        been speculated that the satellite system "may have
        progressed enough by 1964 that we shall be able to
        watch the Tokyo Olympic Games on television at
        home."

In 1975, the Edmund Fitzgerald sank. 

In 1988, the Air Force reveals the existance of the lockheed
        F-117A Stealth Fighter, operational since 1983.



                November 11

               Veteran's Day


General George Patton:  born November 11, 1885
        born in San Gabriel, CA; attended West Point;
        participated in the 1912 Olympic Games in
        Stockholm (military pentathalon); Brigadier
        General in command of 2nd Armored Division
        in WW-II; also commanded the 3rd Army. Passed
        away in 1945 with the temporary rank of
        4 Star General.

In 1910, Robert Loraine became the first man to fly
        across the Irish Sea. He did it in a Farman
        biplane but dropped it into the sea sixty
        yards short of the Irish coast.

        Av-Historians do not hesitate to give him
        credit and record that he departed from Holyhead,
        Anglesey and came down at Baily Lighthouse, Howth.

In 1918, an armistice was signed ending the hostilities of
        World War I. In the 19 months of United States
        participation, the strength of naval aviation had
        grown to a force of 6,716 officers and 30,693 men in
        Navy units, and 282 officers, 2,180 men in Marine
        Corps units, with 2,107 aircraft (of which 1,172
        were flying boats), 15 dirigibles, and 215 kite and
        free balloons on hand. Of these numbers 18,000
        officers and men and 570 aircraft had been sent
        abroad.

In 1918, with the signing of the Armistice, the Army Air
        Service had a total of 195,024 personnel, of which
        20,568 were officers, and the AEF had 3,538
        airplanes while 4,865 were in service in the
        United States. Interesting note: no combat type
        aircraft serving with the AEF were of U.S. design

In 1924, Lieutenant Dixie Kiefer piloted a plane in a
        successful night catapult launch from California at
        anchor in San Diego harbor. The launch at 21:46 was
        aided only by searchlights trained about 1,000 yards
        ahead.

Jonathan Winters:  born November 11, 1925
        born in Dayton, Ohio; Comedian; joined US Marines
        in 1942 and served 2 1/2 years in the South Pacific;

In 1940, the first general meeting of the Radiation
        Laboratory was held at the Massachusetts Institute
        of Technology. The Radiation Laboratory, as
        principal scientific and developmental agency of
        Division 14 of NDRC, was to become instrumental in
        many aspects of airborne radar development.

In 1946, Lieutenant Colonel Marion E. Carl, USMC, flying a
        jet propelled P-80A made two catapult launches, four
        free take-offs and five arrested landings aboard
        Franklin D. Roosevelt. His first catapult launches
        were on 1 November. These operations were part of an
        extensive investigation of the carrier suitability
        of jet aircraft which had begun on 29 June 1945 with
        the delivery of a P-80A to NAS Patuxent.

In 1956, the initial flight of Convair B-58 delta-winged
        Hustler, the first supersonic bomber, made at Fort
        Worth, Tex. The B-58 incorporated the NACA "wasp
        waist" or "coke bottle" shape.

In 1957, a KC-135 tanker flown 6,350 miles from Westover
        AFB, Mass., to Buenos Aires, in 13 hours 2 minutes,
        by Gen. Curtis LeMay,  a world record for nonstop
        nonrefueled jet flight.

In 1961, NASA announced that top speed of X-15 on Major
        White's record flight was revised to 4,093 miles per
        hour (mach 6.04), reached at 95,800 feet. (White
        also held altitude record of 217,000 feet (41
        miles), for a flight flown on October 11).

In 1980, for the first time, the LAMPS SH-60B Seahawk worked
        with the Recovery Assist, Securing and Traversing
        (RAST) system aboard a ship underway. The guided-
        missile frigate Mclnerney (FFG 8)conducted the
        shipboard aspect of the exercise which included
        mainly electronic communications and not an actual
        landing. This test was conducted from the Bath
        Ironworks and Yard at Bath, Maine.

In 1982, Columbia was launched as STS-5.

In 1994, the last of four N9M's was flown again after a 12
        year restoration project by volunteers at the Chino
        Planes of Fame Museum.  It was officially an N9M-B
        that hadn't flown for about 45 years.  It's civil
        registration number is N9MB.



                   November 12



Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles:  born November 12, 1746
        French mathamatician, launched the first
        unmanned Hydrogen balloon in Paris in August 1783,
        founded Charles Law (thermal expansion of gasses).

In 1903, the Lebaudy makes a successful flight in Paris.
        The 190 foot long airship flies 38 1/2 miles and
        reaches 25 mph.

In 1912, The Navy's first successful launching of an
        airplane by catapult was made at the Washington Navy
        Yard by Lieutenant T. G. Ellyson in the A-3. The
        following month a flying boat was successfully
        launched from this catapult.

In 1919, this day was proclaimed by U.S. President Woodrow
        Wilson to be the first Armistice Day. The United
        States Congress passed a concurrent resolution seven
        years later on June 4, 1926, requesting the President
        issue another proclamation to observe November 11
        with appropriate ceremonies.

In 1919 (through December 10), Ross McPherson Smith
        completed 11,500-mile intercontinental flight in a
        Vickers-Vimy from Heston, London, to Port Darwin,
        Australia.

In 1921, the first air-to-air refueling was made when Wesley
        May stepped from the wing of one aircraft to that of
        another with a 5-gallon can of gasoline strapped to
        his back. (This was from the NASA database.  I'd
        like to know how you get volunteered to do this job!
        <G>)

In 1931, Maple Leaf Gardens opened in Toronto, Canada.

In 1952, the final configuration of the ZP3K (later ZSG-3)
        non-rigid airship was flown and accepted at NAS
        Lakehurst. The airship was a modernized
        antisubmarine configuration of the "K" model and was
        designed especially for carrier-based operation.
        Thirty "K" Class airships were so configured.

In 1981, Columbia makes its second flight, the first ever
        flight of an orbiter previously flown, as STS-2.



                 November 13


In 1907, the first piloted helicopter rises vertically
        in free flight in Liseux, France. Built by Paul Cornu,
        it was powered by a 24 hp Antoinette engine
        driving two rotors. Piloted by M. Cornu, it
        is said to have lasted 20 seconds and achieved
        a height of 30 cm.

In 1926, Lieutenant C. F. Schilt, USMC, flying an R3C-2,
        took second in the Schneider Cup Race at Hampton
        Roads, Va., with an average speed of 231.363 m.p.h.
        This was the last Navy participation in
        international racing competition.

In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened to allow the first
        traffic between New York and New Jersey.

In 1951, the first experimental investigation of a
        transonic-type compressor was conducted at Lewis
        Laboratory, a break-through in compressor technology
        later utilized by virtually all advanced turbojet
        engines.

In 1956, a North American F-107 reached Mach 2 in flights at
        Edwards AFB, California.

Dave Gwinn:  born November 13, 1958
        I wanted to include a tribute to Dave but I just can't
        find the right words. I think I'll borrow the first
        line from Dave's bio, he says it much better than I:
       
        "In 1958 (+/- two decades) I was born in a lowly manger
        in Kansas, visited by three wise ATC Inspectors (an
        unparalleled assembly) and who bore gifts of an ATP
        certificate, a logbook with 10,000 hours and an
        autographed copy of PP-1."

        I'm sure he touched a lot of lives during his lifetime.

        Miss you Dave.

In 1980, VFA-125, the Navy's first F/A-18 Hornet squadron,
        was established at NAS Lemoore, California. The new
        squadron trained Navy and Marine Corps personnel
        to fly and maintain the new fighter-attack aircraft.


                   November 14


Robert Fulton:  born November 14, 1765
        Inventor and engineer; brought the steamship
        from design to commercial success; born in
        Little Britain, Lancaster County, PA

In 1910, Eugene Ely, a civilian pilot, took off in a 50-hp.
        Curtiss plane from a wooden platform built on the
        bow of Birmingham (CL 2). The ship was at anchor in
        Hampton Roads, and Ely landed safely on Willoughby
        Spit.

In 1911, The Navy's first major aircraft modification,
        conversion of the Wright B-1 landplane into a
        hydroaeroplane, was initiated with a telegraphic
        order to the Burgess Company and Curtiss,
        Marblehead, Mass., for a suitable float.

In 1922, Lieutenant Commander Godfrey dec. Chevalier, Naval
        Aviator No. 7, died in the Naval Hospital,
        Portsmouth, of injuries received in a plane crash
        two days before at Lochaven, near Norfolk.

In 1924, qualifications for Flight Surgeons were agreed upon
        by the Chiefs of the Bureau of Aeronautics and the
        Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, which required
        medical officers to complete the three-months course
        at the U.S. Army School of Aviation Medicine and
        three months of satisfactory service with a naval
        aviation unit before designation. The requirement
        that a medical officer so qualified also make
        flights in aircraft was limited to emergencies and
        the desire of the officer.
       
Edward White:  born November 14, 1930
        First US Astronaut to walk in space; born in San
        Antonio, TX; USAF; stationed in Germany flying
        F-86's and F-100's

Charles, Prince of Wales:  born November 14, 1948
        pilot in the Royal Navy 1971-1976

In 1958, the first launch of a 3,750,000-cubic-foot plastic
        balloon at Holloman AFB; payload was parachute test
        vehicle for development of high-Mach parachute
        systems.

In 1959, the world's largest balloon was launched from
        Stratobowl near Rapid City, South Dakota, by Winzen
        Research, reaching a maximum altitude of near
        118,000 feet with a 1-ton payload suspended.

In 1959, the new Aerospace Medical Center dedicated at
        Brooks AFB, Texas.

In 1960, the capsule DISCOVERER XVII ejected after 31 orbits
        and successfully snared at 9,000 feet by USAF C-119
        aircraft, the second such recovery in midair of a
        space object.

In 1960, the first letter carried by satellite mail (31
        orbits and a distance of about a million miles), a
        letter from USAF Chief of Staff to the Secretary of
        Defense carried in capsule recovered from DISCOVERER
        XVII.

In 1966, a C-141 Starlifter became the first jet aircraft to
        land in Antarctica.

In 1969, Apollo 12 with Charles "Pete" Conrad, Richard
        Gordon and Alan Bean was launched for a rendezvous
        with the Surveyor 3 probe.

In 1977, the Chief of Naval Air Training formally accepted
        the T-34C aircraft manufactured by Beech Aircraft
        Corporation. The T-34C, a turboprop, two-place
        trainer, was to replace the T-34B and T-28 training
        aircraft.


                 November 15


Sir Frederick Handley Page:  born November 15, 1885
        Aircraft designer; founded Handley Page Limited
        in 1909; designed and built the Handley Page
        0/400 in 1917, designed the Hampden, Halifax
        and Victor bombers for WW-II; helped design
        the slotted wing.

Erwin Rommel:  born November 15, 1891
        German military officer; "The Desert Fox";
        commanded Panzer Divisions in WW-II;
        rose to Field Marshall.

General Curtis LeMay:  born November 15, 1906
        born in Columbus, Ohio; entered the armed
        services as a flying cadet; did his flight
        training at Kelly Field, Texas; 1st tour of
        duty was 27th Pursuit out of Selfridge Field,
        Michigan; organized and trained the 305th
        in B-17's; transferred to the 20th to direct
        B-29's; headed SAC for 9 years.

        LeMay was instrumental in improving facilities for
        the personnel of SAC (especially enlisted housing),
        encouraged the SAC base hobby shops, ran race car
        weekends at SAC bases, good friend of Zora
        Arkus-Duntov of Corvette fame, owned the
        Kurtiss-Craft turbine race car, later USAF Chief of
        Staff.

Sir David Stirling:  born November 15, 1915
        born in Stirlingshire, Scotland; British Army
        officer who founded and led the British Special
        Air Service in WW-II

In 1916, the first flight of the Boeing Model C, the first
        all Boeing design.

In 1917, a committee on Light Alloys, with Naval Constructor
        J. C. Hunsaker a member, was established within the
        NACA to intensify efforts to develop light metal
        alloys for aeronautical use.

In 1921, initial U.S. flight of airship Roma was made at
        Langley Field, Virginia.

In 1934, plans to install hydraulic flush deck catapults
        aboard carriers were formalized in a Bureau of
        Aeronautics request that space be reserved on CV-5
        (Yorktown) and CV-6 (Enterprise) for two bow
        catapults on the flight deck and one athwartships on
        the hangar deck.

In 1935, the Chief, Bureau of Aeronautics, approved
        recommendations from a fighter design competition
        and thereby initiated development of the Grumman
        XF4F-1 biplane and the Brewster XF2A-1 monoplane.
        The developmental sequence thus set in motion,
        although it included many subsequent changes and
        modifications, provided prototypes of the Navy's
        first-line fighters in use when the United States
        entered World War II.

        It was shortly after this that Grumman decided
        that the XF4F-1 (another biplane) - having only
        slightly better performance than the F3F-3 -
        would be cancelled and the XF4F-2 (monoplane)
        would be designed for entry into the competition.

In 1944, the first flight of the Boeing XC-97
        Stratofreighter.

In 1947, the Air Force disclosed that the world's first
        ramjet helicopter, the McDonnell Flying Bike, had
        been successfully flown by McConnell Aviation for 6
        months.

In 1954, SAS Airlines flies the first regularly scheduled
        flight over the North Pole.  It was a Los Angeles to
        Europe flight.

In 1960, X-15 (No. 2) with new XLR-99 engine (57,000-pound
        thrust) flown to nearly 80,000 feet and 2,000 mph on
        first test flight by A. Scott Crossfield at Edwards
        AFB, Calif. Earlier interim engine, XLR-11 with one-
        quarter of the thrust of the XLR-99, had pushed the
        X-15 to new world speed and altitude records of
        2,196 mph and 136,500 feet.

In 1965, the first flight around the world, flying over both
        poles, is made by Flying Tigerline Captain J. L. Martin.

In 1966, the Wasp made the last recovery of the Gemini
        program, picking up astronauts James A. Lovell, Jr.,
        and Edwin A. Aldrin, Jr., and their spacecraft 600
        miles southeast of Cape Kennedy. The astronauts were
        lifted from their spacecraft to the ship by an SH-3A
        helicopter of HS-11.

In 1990, Atlantis was launched as STS-38



                  November 16


In 1915, Victor Carlstrom becomes the first pilot to fly
        from Toronto to New York. He flew a Curtiss R-2
        biplane and completed the trip in 6 hours 20 minutes.

In 1923, The Bureau of Aeronautics directed that all
        aircraft attached to vessels of the fleet be
        overhauled once every six months.

In 1940, the Bureau of Aeronautics established a catapult
        procurement program for Essex class carriers. One
        flight deck catapult and one athwartships hangar
        deck catapult were to be installed on each of 11
        carriers.

In 1942, Naval aviation's first night fighter squadron,
        VMF(N)-531, was established at MCAS Cherry Point
        with Lieutenant Colonel Frank H. Schwable in
        command. After initial training with SNJs and
        SB2A-4s, the squadron was assigned twin-engined
        PV-1 aircraft equipped with British Mark IV type
        radar.

In 1959, Capt. Joseph W. Kittinger, Jr. (USAF), made record
        parachute jump from open balloon gondola at an
        altitude of 76,400 feet (EXCELSIOR I).

In 1960, the first flight of the Canadair CL-44 D4.

In 1961, the gold-plated capsule of Discoverer XXXV
        recovered after 18 orbits in midair over Fern Island
        by C-130 aircraft, Capt. James F. McCullough, U.S.
        Air Force, as pilot. It was the 10th recovery from
        orbit in the Discoverer series and the 1st
        recovery observed from the ground.

In 2003, a Cleveland, Ohio, man was rescued by the U.S.
        Army Fort Drum Air Ambulance Detachment outside of
        Watertown, N.Y. through the help of a 406 MHz
        Personal Locator Beacon or PLB. This rescue was the
        first in the contiguous U.S. using a PLB since they
        became legally available for use in the U.S. on
        July 1, 2003.


                  November 17


Honda Soichiro:  born November 17, 1906
        Founded Honda Corp

In 1916, efforts to develop high speed seaplanes for
        catapulting from ships led Chief Constructor David
        W. Taylor to solicit suitable designs from various
        manufacturers. Among the requirements were a speed
        range of 50 to 95 mph, two and a half hours
        endurance, and provisions for radio.

In 1918, NAS Hampton Roads reported that an H-16 flying
        boat, equipped with a radio direction finder using
        the British six-stage amplifier, received signals
        from the Arlington, Va., radio station at a distance
        of 150 miles.

In 1962, President John F. Kennedy dedicates Dulles
        International Airport in Virginia.

In 1968, NBC television broadcast the infamous Heidi Bowl.
        A game between the NY Jets and the Oakland Raiders
        was knocked off the air so NBC could begin a
        telecast of the movie Heidi on time.  The Oakland
        Raiders scored two touchdowns in 44 seconds to beat
        the Jets and the NBC switchboard lit up.  NBC never
        stopped a football telecast again.

In 1970, the first flight of the Lockheed L-1011 (-1)
        TriStar.

In 1993, the first Boeing 747-400 freighter was delivered to
        Cargolux.
       
       
       
                 November 18


Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre:  born November 18, 1787
        French physicist and painter; developed the first
        practical process for photography.

In 1917, U.S. aerial coastal patrols in European waters
        began with Tellier seaplanes from LeCroisic at the
        mouth of the Loire River. This seaplane patrol
        station, the first of eight established in France,
        was established 27 November under command of
        Lieutenant W. M. Corry.

In 1922, Commander Kenneth Whiting, piloting a PT seaplane,
        made the first catapult launching from the carrier
        Langley (CV-1). This ship was at anchor in the York
        River.

In 1922, the Dewoitine 01 makes its first flight. The aircraft
        was equipped with a Hispano Suiza engine.

Alan Shepard Jr.:  born November 18, 1923
        born in East Derry, New Hampshire;
        The first US Astronaut in space. He rode Freedom-7
        on May 5, 1961, 23 days after Yury Gagarin's flight;
        was fifth person to walk on the moon.

In 1930, the Boeing XP-9 monoplane made its first flight in
        Dayton, Ohio.

In 1934, a contract was issued to the Northrop Corporation
        for the XBT-1, a two-seat Scout and l,000-pound dive
        bomber. This aircraft was the initial prototype in
        the sequence that led to the SBD Dauntless series of
        dive bombers introduced to the fleet in 1938 and
        used throughout World War II.

        But before tests could be completed, Jack Northrop
        resigned and the company's offices became Douglas
        Aviation's -- El Segundo division. The XBT-1 was
        thus redesignated the XSBD-1 to reflect both the new
        company [D] and the Navy's new "Scout Bomber" [SB]
        classification."

In 1940, the Chief of Naval Operations authorized use of the
        abbreviation, "RADAR", in unclassified
        correspondence and conversation and directed that
        the phrase, Radio Detection and Ranging Equipment,
        be used in lieu of terms such as Radio Ranging
        Equipment, Radio Detection Equipment, Radio Echo
        Equipment, or Pulse Radio Equipment.

In 1949, a crew flying a Douglas C-74 Globemaster I, The
        Champ, lands at RAF Marham, England, after a 23 hour
        flight from Mobile, Alabama. On board are a
        transatlantic record 103 passengers and crew.

In 1952, the feasibility of using a helicopter as an aerial
        minesweeper was demonstrated in the first of a
        series of tests conducted by VX-1 pilots flying an
        HRP-1 helicopter off Panama City, Fla.

In 1955, the first powered flight of Bell X-2 (No. 1) by Lt.
        Col. Frank Everest (USAF), powered by first
        throttlable rocket engine, the Curtiss Wright
        XLR25-CW-1, and Mach 0.99 was reached.

In 1978, the Navy's new strike fighter, the F/A-18 Hornet,
        made its first flight at McDonnell Douglas
        Corporation in St. Louis. The Hornet was designed
        for a combat radius of more than 550 miles and a
        ferry range of more than 2,000 miles.



                  November 19


In 1863, President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.

In 1895, Frederick E. Blaisdell, of Philadelphia, PA, received
         a patent for a "paper pencil".

In 1926, Maryland (BB 46) conducted experimental firing with
        the Mark XIX anti-aircraft fire control system which
        had been developed by the Ford Instrument Company
        and which incorporated a stabilized line of sight to
        aid in tracking approaching aircraft.

In 1939, the first flight of the Heinkel He 177V-1 "Greif".

In 1952, SAS performed first polar flights when "Arild
        Viking" was delivered from LAX to CPH.

In 1952, at Santa Susana, Calif., a complete liquid-rocket
        engine assembly (Navaho) having a thrust in excess
        of 100,000 pounds was fired for the first time.

In 1952, a North American F-86D established official speed
        record of 698.505 mph at Salton Sea, Calif., Capt.
        J. Slade Nash (USAF) as pilot.

In 1980, the 500th Boeing 747 rolls out of Boeing plant.



                November 20


Edwin Powell Hubble:  born November 20, 1889
        born in Marshfield, Missouri;
        Astronomer; one of the first to propose the
        red shift of distant galaxies is due to the
        Doppler effect induced by the expansion of
        the universe; rose to rank of Major in WW-I

Chester Gould:  born November 20, 1900
        born in Pawnee, Oklahoma; Created Dick Tracy

Lores Bonney:  born November 20, 1907
        The "First Lady" of Australian aviation.  She was
        the first to fly solo in a DH-60 Moth from Australia
        to England in 1933 and from Australia to South
        Africa in 1937.

In 1919, the first municipally owned airport opened in
        Tucson, Arizona.

In 1925, night photographs using 50-pound magnesium flares
        taken from Army Martin bomber by Lt. George W.
        Goddard, over Rochester, N.Y.

In 1933, Lieutenant Commander T. G. W. Settle and Major
        Chester L. Fordney, USMC, flying a 600,000 cubic
        foot free balloon, set a world's altitude record of
        61,237 feet in a flight into the stratosphere with
        departure from Akron, Ohio, and landing near
        Bridgeton, N.J.

In 1939, the Navy established its own School of Aviation
        Medicine at Pensacola, Fla., having previously
        detailed officers to the Air Corps School of
        Aviation Medicine.

In 1946, at Cleveland, Ohio, an F8F Grumman Bearcat with
        Lieutenant Commander M. W. Davenport as pilot, took
        off in a distance of 115 feet from a standing start
        and climbed to 10,000 feet in 94 seconds.

In 1953, in a Douglas D-558-II (No. 2) SkyRocket which had
        been launched from a B-29, NACA test pilot A. Scott
        Crossfield established an unofficial speed record of
        1,328 mph at Edwards AFB, Calif., the first Mach 2
        flight (2.01)

In 1963, the USAF accepted the first two F-4C jet fighters.

In 1979, the last RA-5C Vigilante in the Navy departed NAS
        Key West on her final flight. The RA-5C was one of
        the Navy's finest and only all-weather carrier based
        reconnaissance aircraft. With this final flight, the
        entire reconnaissance inventory of 156 Vigilante
        aircraft was phased out.



                 November 21


In 1783, the first untethered human flight. Jean Francois
        Pilatre de Rozier flies as high as 500 feet and
        travels 5 miles over Paris in a Montgolfier hot
        air balloon. His co-pilot was The Marquis d'Arlandes.

In 1917, a demonstration of the Navy N-9 flying bomb at
        Amityville, Long Island, was witnessed by Major Gen.
        George O. Squier, USA, Chief Signal Officer. 
        Subsequently the Army established a parallel aerial
        torpedo project.

In 1919, engineering plans for the conversion of the collier
        Jupiter (AC 3) to an aircraft carrier, originally
        completed 5 July were modified, and a summary
        specification was issued by the Bureau of
        Construction and Repair.  In addition to an
        unobstructed "flying-on and flying-off deck",
        stowage space for aircraft and facilities for repair
        of aircraft, the new plans provided for catapults to
        be fitted on both forward and after ends of the
        flying-off deck.

In 1949, a USAF Sikorsky H-19 12-place helicopter made first
        test flight.

In 1967, the first 747 nose section arrived at the Boeing
        Everett plant from Wichita, Kansas.

In 1969, the first carrier trials of the U2-R (#N-812X)
        aboard the USS America (CVA-66) with Lockheed test
        pilot Bill Park.

In 2005, the first arrests were made in the "AvSig Treadmill
        Runway Debate Massacre" case.


                November 22


Thomas Cook:  born November 22, 1808
        Founded the Thomas Cook Travel Agency

Charles de Gaulle:  born November 22, 1890
        born in Lille, France; was a POW in the
        Battle of Verdun in WW-I; beginning of WW-II,
        was a colonel commanding a tank regiment
        in Alsace; elected President of the French
        Provisional Government in 1945

Wiley Post:  born November 22, 1898
        US aviation pioneer; born near Grand Saline,
        Texas; grew up in Maysville, OK; as a boy,
        worked as a driver and grader in construction
        of an airport at Fort Sill, OK; lost an eye
        in an oil field accident in 1926; Wilbur
        Wright signed his flight license in 1929 or
        1930; first plane was a Canuck, Canadian version
        of the Curtiss Jenny; worked as a test pilot with
        Lockheed.

In 1917, a Tellier seaplane piloted by Ensign Kenneth R.
        Smith, with Electricians Mate Wilkinson and
        Machinists Mate Brady on board, was forced down at
        sea on a flight out of NAS LeCroisic to investigate
        the reported presence of German submarines south of
        Belle Isle. Two days later, and only minutes before
        their damaged plane sank, they were rescued by a
        French destroyer. It was the first armed patrol by a
        U.S. Naval Aviator in European waters.

In 1918, Lieutenant Victor Vernon and Mr. S. T. Williams
        dropped a 400-pound dummy torpedo from an F5L at the
        Naval Aircraft Factory in the initial test of a
        torpedo launching gear upon which development had
        begun the preceding July.

In 1932, following tests of the OP-1 autogiro in Nicaragua,
        Major Francis P. Mulcahy, USMC reported that the
        autogiro's chief value in expeditionary duty was in
        inspecting small fields recommended by ground troops
        as landing areas, evacuating medical "sitting"
        cases, and ferrying of important personnel.

In 1935 (through November 29), first transpacific flight by
        Pan American Airways China Clipper (Martin Flying
        Boat NC14716), from San Francisco to Honolulu,
        Midway, Wake, Guam, and Manila.

        Crew manifest was:
        Edwin Musick - Captain
        R.O.D. Sullivan - First Officer
        George King - Second Officer
        Fred Noonan - Navigation Officer
        C.D. Wright - First Engineering Officer
        Victor Wright - Second Engineering Officer
        William Jarboe - Radio Officer

        The "China Clipper" NC-14716, was sold to the U.S.
        Navy in 1942. Crashed (and totaled) Port of Spain,
        Trinidad on January 8, 1945.

        Interesting sidelight here in that the Martin "China
        Clipper" did NOT go to China, ended in Manila.  A
        Sikorsky then took over for the flight to Hong Kong.
        Also, if you go out the front entrance door of the
        Manila Hotel (past the ubiquitous black Cadillac
        <g>), then make a right turn and go over to the
        shore-line reservoir, you'll find the brass plaque
        marking the mooring tie-ups. (thanks Randy)

        This inaugural fight was the longest ocean-spanning
        flight in history (8,746 miles). This aircraft
        delivered the first airmail across the Pacific,
        carrying 110,865 letters (1,837 pounds).

        This China Clipper, an M-130 aircraft was built
        by the G. L. Martin Company and was the second
        largest flying boat ever (largest was the Dornier DoX).

        About 125,000 people cheered as the four-engine
        China Clipper taxied out of a harbor in San
        Francisco Bay and headed for the Philippines.

        The China Clipper made stops at several Pacific
        Islands. On November 23, 1935, its arrival in Oahu's
        Pearl Harbor was watched by about 3,000 people. Then
        the aircraft continued on, making stops at Pan
        American bases at Midway Island, Wake Island, and
        Guam. The China Clipper brought the staffs at these
        bases 12 crates of turkeys, and cartons of
        cranberries, sweet potatoes, and mincemeat. The
        meals represented these islands' first Thanksgiving
        celebrations.

        The China Clipper's crew were: Captain Edwin C.
        Musick, First Officer R. O. D. Sullivan, Second
        Officer George King, First Engineering Officer
        Chan Wright, Engineering Officer Victor Wright,
        Navigation Officer Fred Noonan, and Radio Officer
        W. T. Jarboe, Jr.

In 1941, a contract was signed for engineering data, model
        tests, a 1/3 scale flying mockup and a single
        prototype of the XB-35. 

In 1948, the Wright Kitty Hawk airplane arrived at the
        Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., after
        being stored for 20 years in various locations in
        the UK.

In 1949, a Douglas D-558-II Skyrocket exceeded the speed of
        sound at Edwards AFB, Calif. It was powered by both
        a Westinghouse J-34 turbojet engine and a Reaction
        Motors, Inc. rocket motor.

In 1955, a Republic F-105A exceeded the speed of sound in
        its initial flight at Edwards AFB.

In 1961, Lieutenant Colonel Robert B. Robinson, USMC, flying
        an F4H-1 Phantom II, set a world speed record,
        averaging 1606.3 m.p.h. in two runs over the 15 to
        25-kilometer course at Edwards Air Force Base.

In 1963, JFK was shot in Dallas, Texas.

In 1972, groundbreaking ceremonies for the new Naval
        Aviation Museum building were officiated by Admiral
        Arthur W. Radford, USN (Ret.). The Naval Aviation
        Museum, was established at the NAS Pensacola in
        December 1962 by the authority of the Secretary of
        the Navy.

In 1988, the B-2 made its first public appearance at the
        Northrop Aircraft plant in Palmdale, California.

In 1989, Discovery made its ninth flight as STS-33.



                November 23


William Henry Pratt:  born November 23, 1887
        aka Boris Karloff; Actor and director;
        born in Camberwell, London, England;
        "Frankenstein" in 1931

In 1914, the title "Director of Naval Aeronautics" was
        established to designate the officer in charge of
        naval aviation, and Captain Mark L. Bristol, already
        serving in that capacity, was ordered to report to
        the Secretary of the Navy under the new title.

In 1916, the NACA recommended purchase of land north of
        Hampton, Va., for use as an aircraft proving ground
        by the Army and Navy. This site became known as
        Langley Field, and the location of the first NACA
        laboratory.

In 1923, the Aeromarine all-metal flying boat launched at
        Keyport, N.J.

In 1923, concluding sentence of the annual report of the
        NACA for 1923 was: "Progress in aeronautics is being
        made at so rapid a rate that the only way to keep
        abreast of other nations is actually to keep
        abreast, year by year, never falling behind."
       
In 1936, the first issue of Life magazine was published.

In 1942, the V-173, a full-scale model of a fighter aircraft
        with an almost circular wing, made its first flight
        at the Vought-Sikorsky plant, Stratford, Conn. The
        pilot was Boone T Guyton. A military version of this
        aircraft, the XF5U-1, was constructed later but never
        flown.

In 1947, the world's largest land plane made its first
        flight in San Diego.  The Convair XC-99 was capable
        of carrying 400 fully equipped troops or 100,000 lbs
        of cargo. This was serial number 43-52436piloted
        by Russel R Rogers.

In 1960, X-15 (No. 2) flown on second test flight with
        XLR-99 engine by A. Scott Crossfield, restarting the
        engine in flight for the first time.

In 1961, the National Aeronautic Association notified Mrs.
        Constance Wolf, of Blue Bell, Pa., that her Texas-
        to-Oklahoma balloon flight of 40 hours 13 minutes,
        363.99 miles and 13,000-foot altitude established 15
        women's world records.


                  November 24


In 1871, the National Rifle Association was incorporated.

In 1917, in discussing the development of aircraft torpedoes
        and torpedo planes, the Chief of Naval Operations
        pointed out that available aircraft could carry no
        more than a 600 pound ordnance load and thus were
        incapable of delivering a torpedo with an explosive
        charge large enough to seriously damage a modern
        warship. This problem, the size of an effective
        torpedo versus the capabilities of aircraft,
        retarded torpedo plane development in World War I
        and continued as an important factor in the post war
        years.

In 1924, NACA Subcommittee on metals concluded that
        duralumin girders which formed framework of the
        Shenandoah "will not fail by 'fatigue' in less than
        40 years under service conditions".

In 1955, the first flight of the Fokker F-27 Friendship.
        Designed by Fokker as a replacement for airlines
        using the DC-3; original design used Rolls Royce
        Dart engines.

In 1961, official Soviet films on the flight of Vostok II
        shown on nationwide TV in NBC program, "Crossing the
        Threshold-Part I."

In 1969, the Apollo 12 Astronauts, Richard F. Gordon, Jr.,
        Charles Conrad, Jr., and Alan L. Bean, were
        recovered by HS-4 off Hornet after circling the moon
        and, in a lunar module, landing there with Conrad
        and Bean on 19 November for 31 1/2 hours.

In 1970, a T-2C modified by North American Rockwell to a
        super-critical wing configuration was test flown by
        North American test pilot, Edward A. Gillespie at
        Columbus, Ohio.

In 1991, Atlantis flew its tenth mission as STS-44.



                   November 25


Andrew Carnegie:  born November 25, 1835
        born in Dunfermline, Scotland; Pioneer in the
        US steel industry; in the 1880's, he was the
        leading iron and steel producer in the US.

Karl Benz:  born November 25, 1844
        Automotive pioneer; founded "Benz und Compagnie",
        which merged In 1926 with Gottlieb Daimler's
        "Daimler Motoren-Gesellschaft", establishing the
        "Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft".

In 1914, to measure and record speed and direction of
        winds, gusts, and squalls at the ends of the speed
        course at Pensacola, the Director of Naval
        Aeronautics Captain M. L. Bristol established
        requirements for special meteorological equipment to
        be installed there.

In 1918, a NC-1 flying boat established new world record by
        taking off from Rockaway Beach, N.Y., with 51
        persons aboard. John adds: 50 were scheduled and 1
        was a stow-away!

In 1920, the first Pulitzer race was won by Lt. C. C. Mosely
        in a  Verville-Packard 600 at Mitchel Field, N.Y.,
        flying a distance of 132 miles at a speed of 156.54
        mph.

In 1924, Mrs. Calvin Coolidge christened the ZR-3 as Los
        Angeles (ZR-3) at NAS Anacostia. As a part of the
        ceremony it was commissioned a ship of the Fleet,
        with Captain G. W. Steele commanding.

In 1940, a De Havilland all-wood Mosquito bomber made first
        flight, large-scale production of which began in
        July 1941.

In 1947, the first NACA flight of the Douglas D-558-1
        SkyStreak (#2 BuAer # 3797).  The pilot was Howard
        C. Lilly.

In 1956, T/Sgt R. J. Patton made the first successful polar
        parachute jump.

In 1957, the USAF awarded contract for a surveillance
        satellite to Lockheed.

In 1980, RH-53D Sea Stallions from VR-24, together with
        units of the U.S. Army and Air Force, began disaster
        relief assistance to victims of the devastating
        earthquake at Avellino, Italy, on November 23, which
        killed over 3,000 persons and made many more
        homeless.



                   November 25


Andrew Carnegie:  born November 25, 1835
        born in Dunfermline, Scotland; Pioneer in the
        US steel industry; in the 1880's, he was the
        leading iron and steel producer in the US.

Karl Benz:  born November 25, 1844
        Automotive pioneer; founded "Benz und Compagnie",
        which merged In 1926 with Gottlieb Daimler's
        "Daimler Motoren-Gesellschaft", establishing the
        "Daimler-Benz Aktiengesellschaft".

In 1914, to measure and record speed and direction of
        winds, gusts, and squalls at the ends of the speed
        course at Pensacola, the Director of Naval
        Aeronautics Captain M. L. Bristol established
        requirements for special meteorological equipment to
        be installed there.

In 1918, a NC-1 flying boat established new world record by
        taking off from Rockaway Beach, N.Y., with 51
        persons aboard. John adds: 50 were scheduled and 1
        was a stow-away!

In 1920, the first Pulitzer race was won by Lt. C. C. Mosely
        in a  Verville-Packard 600 at Mitchel Field, N.Y.,
        flying a distance of 132 miles at a speed of 156.54
        mph.

In 1924, Mrs. Calvin Coolidge christened the ZR-3 as Los
        Angeles (ZR-3) at NAS Anacostia. As a part of the
        ceremony it was commissioned a ship of the Fleet,
        with Captain G. W. Steele commanding.

In 1940, a De Havilland all-wood Mosquito bomber made first
        flight, large-scale production of which began in
        July 1941.

In 1947, the first NACA flight of the Douglas D-558-1
        SkyStreak (#2 BuAer # 3797).  The pilot was Howard
        C. Lilly.

In 1956, T/Sgt R. J. Patton made the first successful polar
        parachute jump.

In 1957, the USAF awarded contract for a surveillance
        satellite to Lockheed.

In 1980, RH-53D Sea Stallions from VR-24, together with
        units of the U.S. Army and Air Force, began disaster
        relief assistance to victims of the devastating
        earthquake at Avellino, Italy, on November 23, which
        killed over 3,000 persons and made many more
        homeless.



                 November 27

           
Anders Celsius:  born November 27, 1701
        Scientist who devised the centigrade temperature
        scale; born in Uppsala,Sweeden; built Sweeden's
        first observatory

In 1912, the Army Signal Corps purchases the first of three
        Curtiss F two seat biplane flying boats.

In 1943, the first Martin Mars flying boat was delivered to
        VR-8 at NAS Patuxent River, Md.

In 1949, the first flight of the C-124 Globemaster II.  The
        prototype YC-124 was actually the fifth C-74 with a
        new, deeper fuselage and strengthened landing gear. 
        The first C-124 entered service with the USAF in May
        1950;  204 A's were eventually built. 243 C's were
        built, the last delivered during May 1955. The C-124C
        was replaced by the C-5A during 1970.

In 1957, the first flight of the FS 24 Phonix (sic). It is
        claimed this is the first glider built using glass
        reinforced plastic. It was developed by the akademische
        Fliegergruppe Stuttgart and manufactured by Bolkow.

In 1959, Hiller X-18 tilt-wing research transport made first
        flight at Edwards AFB.

In 1992, the first flight of the Avro RJ-70.



                   November 28


In 1908, Glenn Curtiss finished the modifications to the
        June Bug. Floats had replaced the tricycle gear and
        the craft was renamed the "Loon". His attempts to
        fly the Loon were unsuccessful.  He couldn't get the
        Loon to break free of the water on Lake Keuka.

In 1916, German Navy pilot, Deck-Offizer P. Brandt, flying a
        float equipped LVG C.IV dropped six small bombs on
        London in the vicinty of Victoria Station. This marked
        the occasion of the first bombing of London by an
        airplane. While flying back to the French coast
        Brandt's airplane developed engine trouble. He made a
        forced landing near Boulogne-sur-Mer (River mouth of
        the "Liane" on the Pas de Calais). Here, he and his
        gunner/bombardier were captured.

In 1921, NACA Report 116, "Applications of Modern
        Hydrodynamics to Aeronautics," by Ludwig Prandtl of
        Gottingen University in Germany, a major
        contribution to the basis of the theory governing
        fundamental aerodynamical applications, was
        published. His famous 1904 paper on boundary layers
        was translated and issued in NACA Technical
        Memorandum No. 452 in 1928.

In 1922, the first demonstration of sky writing took place
        over NY City.  "Hello USA" was spelled out using
        Cyril Turner's invention.

Hans Werner Grosse:  born November 28, 1922
        West German glider pilot who, on 25 April 1972, set
        a world record for straight line distance of 907.7
        miles.  He flew from the Baltic Sea to the Spanish
        border near Biarritz, France using an AS-K 12.

        That record still stands, 31 years later (although
        the out-and-return record, flown along the
        Allegheny Ridge, is longer). The starting point was
        Luebeck, way up where the Iron Curtain met the Baltic.
        Grosse met with a certain skepticism on the part of
        French Customs when he landed.

In 1929 (through November 29), the first flight over South
        Pole, by Comdr. Richard E. Byrd, in a Ford trimotor
        piloted by Bernt Balchen, from Little America. More
        tomorrow.

In 1956, a Ryan X-13 Vertijet completed the world's first
        jet vertical take-off transition flight, Peter F.
        Giraud of Ryan as pilot.

In 1959 (through November 29), Comdr. M. Ross and Dr. C. B.
        Moore flew ONR STRATO-LAB HIGH IV balloon to an
        altitude of 81,000 feet, using a 16-inch telescope
        and spectrograph, and observing water vapor in the
        atmosphere of the planet Venus.

In 1961, President Kennedy awarded the Harmon International
        Aviator's Trophy jointly to the three X-15 test
        pilots. The first joint award in the history of the
        trophy went to A. Scott Crossfield of North
        American, Joseph A. Walker of NASA, and Maj. Robert
        M. White, U.S. Air Force.

In 1961, NASA selected North American Aviation to design and
        build a three-man Apollo spacecraft leading toward
        eventual lunar landings and exploration of the Moon.

In 1983, the shuttle Columbia flew its sixth flight as
        STS-9. This flight, the first Spacelab mission,
        carried the first non-US crewmember, West German Ulf
        Merbold. 

In 1984, the first 737-300 was delivered (to US Air?).



                 November 29


Christian Doppler:  born November 29, 1803
        Physicist; pioneer in the field of light and sound
        waves; born in Salzburg, Austria; first stated his
        principle in 1842

In 1890, the first Army vs. Navy football game was held at
        West Point, NY.  Navy won.

In 1910, Glenn H. Curtiss wrote to the Secretary of the Navy
        offering flight instruction without charge for one
        naval officer as one means of assisting "in
        developing the adaptability of the aeroplane to
        military purposes."

In 1922, Lieutenants Ben H. Wyatt and George T. Owen,
        piloting DH-4B's, arrived at San Diego and completed
        a round trip transcontinental flight that began from
        the same place on 14 October. The planes made the
        trip in short hops, flying a southern route through
        Tucson, New Orleans and Pensacola on the outward
        leg; and from Washington, D.C., through Dayton,
        Omaha, Salt Lake City and San Francisco on the
        homeward leg; completing the 7,000-mile trip in
        about 90 hours of flight time. Layovers caused by
        mechanical difficulties, bad gasoline, weather and
        lack of navigating equipment accounted for most of
        the elapsed time.

In 1929, The first flight over the South Pole was made in a
        Ford trimotor named the "Floyd Bennett". The flight
        was commanded by Commander R. E. Byrd who also did
        the navigating. Bernt Balchen was pilot, Harold June
        was co-pilot and radio operator and Captain Ashley
        McKinley, USA photographer. Take-off from Little
        America on McMurdo Sound was at 10:29 p.m. on the
        28th, New York time, and the Pole was reached at
        8:55 a.m. on the 29th. The round trip, including a
        fuel stop on the return flight, required almost
        19 hours. There continues to be controversy
        regarding the authenticity of this flight.

In 1929, the first pursuit aircraft powered with
        high-temperature, liquid-cooling system designed by
        the Materiel Division, was completed by Curtiss and
        flown to Wright Field for flight testing.

In 1950, the radio program "I Fly Anything" was first
        broadcast on ABC.  Dick Haymes starred as cargo
        pilot Dockery Crane.

In 1951, the first XB-52 prototype (49-0230) was rolled out
        of the assembly hall in Seattle and into the flight
        test hanger for ground tests. It would be almost a
        full year before the first flight.

        Former Air Force officer Al Lloyd says three
        generations of flight crews have flown B-52's -- in
        one case, a son, father and grandfather from the same
        family.

In 1954, Kelly Johnson formed the team that would design
        the U-2.

In 1956, the ZSG-4, first airship fitted with a dacron
        envelope, made its first flight at NAS Lakehurst.

In 1961, Mercury-Atlas 5 launch from Cape Canaveral placed
        Mercury spacecraft carrying chimpanzee "Enos" into
        orbit; retro-rockets were fired on second rather
        than planned third orbit because of developing
        malfunction of altitude control system. Mercury
        capsule was recovered 1 hour and 25 minutes after
        water landing by the destroyer Stormes, and
        well-performing "Enos" recovered in excellent
        condition.
      
        Project Mercury officials named John H. Glenn as
        prime astronaut for the first manned orbital mission
        with M. Scott Carpenter as backup, and Donald
        Slayton as prime astronaut for second manned orbital
        mission with Walter Schirra as backup.

In 1961, Soviet Cosmonaut Gagarin in New Delhi said that "we
        will not have to wait long" for the first manned
        flight to the Moon. Gagarin was making a 9-day visit
        to India.



                 November 30

                       
Oliver Fisher Winchester:  born November 30, 1810
        Firearms manufacturer; introduced the
        repeating rifle in 1860; his wife was
        responsible for the Winchester Mystery
        House in San Jose, California

Samuel Clemens:  born November 30, 1835
        Author; Mark Twain; raised in Hannibal, MO

Sir Winston Churchill:  born November 30, 1874
        English Statesman; in 1940, became Prime Minister
        and Minister of Defense; was awarded US citizenship
        in 1963 by JFK

In 1905, the Aero Club of America is founded in NY City.

In 1907, Glenn Curtiss founds teh Curtiss Aeroplane Co.

In 1912, the C-1, the Navy's first flying boat, was tested
        at Hammondsport, N.Y., by Lieutenant T. G. Ellyson.
        Its performance, as informally reported by Ellyson,
        was: "Circular climb, only one complete circle,
        1,575 feet in 14 minutes 30 seconds fully loaded. On
        glide approximately 5.3 to 1. Speed, eight runs over
        measured mile, 59.4 miles per hour fully loaded. The
        endurance test was not made, owing to the fact that
        the weather has not been favorable, and I did not
        like to delay any longer."

In 1913, Winston Churchill takes a flying lesson in a Short
        aircraft.  During WWII he was made an honorary Air
        Commodore and was awarded honorary RAF Wings, which
        was and is the first time that's ever happened. 

In 1939, Dwight D. Eisenhower becmes the first man (who was
        or would become a US President) to hold a pilot
        certificate; it was issued this day.

In 1941, Italian jet-propelled Caproni-Campini airplane
        flown 475 kilometers in 2 hours 11 minutes from
        Turin to Rome, by Mario de Barnardini.

In 1943, on her first operational assignment, the Martin
        Mars, in the hands of Lieutenant Commander W. E.
        Coney and crew of 16, took off from Patuxent River
        carrying 13,000 pounds of cargo that was delivered
        at Natal, Brazil, in a nonstop flight of 4,375 miles
        and of 28 hours 25 minutes duration.

In 1948, Curtiss-Wright demonstrated its new
        reversible-pitch propellers which enabled a C-54 to
        make a controlled descent from 15,000 to 1,000 feet
        in 1 minute 22 seconds.

In 1951, Major George A. Davis becomes the first USAF ace of
        two wars with 7 in WW-II and 14 in Korea.

        He was shot down and killed in a fight with a third
        Mig-15 after having brought down two (2) Mig-15s
        earlier in the same fight. The date was 10 February
        1952 and these kills brought his score to 21. He went
        down about 30-miles south of the Yalu River. There
        were no U.S. witnesses and he was therefore carried
        MIA and promoted LtCol on 15 April 1953.

        On the date he was killed (Age 32) he was the
        Commanding Officer of the 334th Fighter Interceptor
        Squadron [348th FG] of the 4th FIW, which first
        operated out of Suwon and then Kimpo. At the time of
        his death he was flying F-86E-10 ~ Serial 51-2725. He
        flew P-47s in 1944 and 1945 in the Western Pacific
        where his 7-kills were over Tonys and Zekes. His
        operating area during that earlier period was from
        Wewak, NG to Clark Field, PI.

In 1962, the Bureau of Naval Weapons issued a contract to
        the Bell Aerosystems Co., for construction and
        flight test of two VTOL research aircraft with dual
        tandem-ducted propellers. Thereby the tri-service
        VTOL program was expanded to include a tilting
        duct craft to be developed under Navy administration
        in addition to the tilting wing XC-142 and the
        tilting engine X-19A both of which were administered
        by the Air Force.

In 1971, preliminary evaluation of the F-14A was conducted
        at Grumman's Calverton facility by a team from NATC
        Patuxent River, Maryland. The Tomcat was designed
        for all fighter missions, including air-to-air
        combat and Fleet defense.

In 1986, the first flight of the Fokker F-100.

In 1995, improved software enabled a McDonnell-Douglas MD-11
        to make a final landing at Edwards without the need
        for the pilot to manipulate the flight controls
        while using only engine power for control.