This Day in Aviation History Files, compiled by Don Kutter on the AVSIG forum at www.avsig.com



February

                February 1


In 1851, William Dean made the first balloon ascent in Australia,
        flying the Australasia about 7 miles over Melbourne.

In 1861, Texas broke away from the United States and joined
        the Confederation. Because of the special
        arrangement Texas has with the United States in its
        agreement to join the union, it still retains the
        power to seceed without recourse. It also has the
        option to split itself into multiple states.

Constantine Falkland Cary:  born February 1, 1895
        aka Conn Smythe; raised in Toronto; founded his own
        contracting, sand and gravel company; served in the
        Canadian military during WW-I and WW-II; bought a
        share in the Toronto St. Pats hockey club; renamed
        the Maple Leafs hockey club

Clark Gable:  born February 1, 1901
        Actor; although over the draft age, he enlisted in
        the Air Force in 1942; attended Officers Candidate
        School in Miami Beach, FL and graduated as a 2nd Lt;
        attended aerial gunnery school and was transferred to
        England in 1943; assigned to the 351st Bomb Group at
        Polebrook and flew operational missions over Europe
        in B-17s; used film footage taken during his missions
        to make the movie "Combat America"; attained the rank
        of Major.

In 1911, Glenn Curtiss made two successful flights from the
        water at San Diego in his standard biplane using a
        single main float in place of the tandem triple
        float used in earlier tests. These take-offs
        demonstrated the superior efficiency of the sled
        profile float which was used on Navy hydroaeroplanes
        up to World War I.

In 1911, Burgess and Curtis become the first US licensed
        aircraft manufacturer. The company was incorporated as
        the "Burgess Company and Curtis, Inc." (after Greely
        S. Curtis), an offshoot of the W. Starling Burgess
        Shipyard, of Marblehead, Massachusetts. Burgess was
        the first licensed aircraft manufacturer in the
        United States. On February 1, 1911, it received
        license to build Wright aircraft in the United States.
        Burgess fitted some Wright planes with pontoons, which
        was contrary to the Wright's patent rules, which
        permitted only exact copies of their aircraft."

In 1928, a joint Army-Navy nomenclature for aircraft engines
        became effective whereby standard type names were
        assigned to engines based upon the cubic inches of
        piston displacement--to the nearest ten. Under this
        scheme, the Vee type Curtiss D-12 engine received
        the standard type name Curtiss V-1150 and the
        air-cooled radial J-5 Whirlwind became the first
        Wright R-790.

In 1929, the aviation and space operations of Boeing and
        Pratt & Whitney are combined to form the United
        Aircraft and Transport Corp.

In 1940, Captain G. E. Price flew a Bell Airacobra through
        flight tests.

In 1944, the first flight for the first four-engine jet
        aircraft, the Arado Ar234 V8 powered by four
        BMW 003A-1s. Three prototypes were fitted with four
        003-A1s: V6 had the engines in four separate
        nacelles, V8 & V13 had them in paired nacelles. The
        production version was the Ar234C, with paired
        engines.

        The Ar234C was built (or projected) in a number of
        versions, for reconnaissance, night fighter & bomber
        roles.

In 1952, the Air Force acquired its first general-purpose
        computer, a Univac I.

In 1953, Chance Vought delivered last propeller-driven
        fighter, the Navy F4U Corsair, the 12,571st built
        since first one flew in 1940.

In 1957, Lieutenant Commander Frank H. Austin, Jr., MC,
        completed the Test Pilot Training Program at NATC
        Patuxent River, and became the first Navy Flight
        Surgeon to qualify as a test pilot.

In 1961, the Space Surveillance System, with headquarters at
        the Naval Weapons Laboratory, Dahlgren, Va., was
        established, Captain David G. Woosley commanding.

In 1961, Life Sciences Laboratory established by NASA at
        Ames Research Center to augment, lead, direct,
        encourage, and coordinate biomedical research
        related to the space program.

In 1961, X-15 (No. 1) was flown to 49,780 feet by John B.
        McKay, NASA test pilot, at Edwards, Calif.


                   February 2


In 1917, the NACA recommended to the President, for
        transmittal to Congress for approval, that the
        Government acquire basic aeronautical patents.

In 1925, President Coolidge signed the Kelly bill
        authorizing contract air transport of mail.

In 1944, the last of the World War II ceilings for Navy
        aircraft, calling for an increase to 37,735 useful
        planes, was approved by the President.

In 1947, Colonel Bernard L. Smith, second Marine and sixth
        naval aviator, died from injuries received when his
        car was hit by a train at Coral Gables, Fla.
       
In 1950, Japan Air Lines flies its first international
        service, twice weekly from Japan to San Francisco.

In 1959, the Day the Music Died. Richie Valens, Buddy Holly,
        and J. P. "Big Bopper" Richardson were killed in
        a crash shortly after takeoff in Clear Lake, Iowa,
        where they had given a concert earlier.

In 1961, nomination of James E. Webb to be Administrator of
        NASA reported favorably by the Senate Committee on
        Aeronautical and Space Sciences.

In 1961, Dr. T. Keith Glennan was named consultant to the
        Senate Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences.


                   February 3


Hugo Junkers:  born February 3, 1859
        born in Rheydt, Germany; 3rd of seven children;
        studied engineering at the Univ of Berlin;
        completed his studies in Aachen in 1883; worked
        in his fathers textile factory; moved to Dessau
        in 1888 and began developing gas engines; in 1890,
        founded his own experimental laboratory for gas
        engines; began research into aircraft in 1906;
        In 1915, the first all metal aircraft was
        completed, the Junkers J-1; in 1917, the German
        government made Junkers merge with Fokker and
        the result was the Junkers J-4; in 1928, a Junkers
        W.33 made the first westbound transatlantic
        crossing with pilots Kochl, Huenefeld and
        Fitzmaurice.

Hugh Montague Trenchard:  born February 3, 1873
        born in Taunton, England; British officer and
        Air Marshall who helped lay the foundations for
        the Royal Air Force; entered the army in 1893
        and served in the South African War; took
        flying lessons in 1912 and earned his pilot
        license in four days; during WW-I he commanded
        the Royal Flying Corps in France; served again
        in WW-II.

Frank Maxwell Andrews:  born February 3, 1884
        US Air Force officer; Commander of all Air Forces
        in Europe during the early stages of WW-II; born
        in Nashville, Tennessee; died in an aircraft
        accident in Iceland in 1943. Andrews AFB named
        after him!

In 1918, aerial gunnery training for prospective Naval
        Aviators and enlisted men began under Canadian RFC
        instructors at the Army field at Camp Taliaferro,
        Fort Worth, Texas.

In 1919, Captain G. W. Steele, Jr., assumed command of Fleet
        Air Detachment, Atlantic Fleet, on board his
        flagship, Shawmut (CM 4), in the Boston Navy Yard.
        Established for the purpose of testing the
        capabilities of aviation to operate with fleet
        forces, the new command marked the beginning of a
        permanent provision for aviation in fleet
        organization.

        Although all elements of the Detachment were
        not immediately assembled, its composition was:
        Shawmut flagship and tender, a Seaplane Squadron of
        six H-16 flying boats under Lieutenant Commander B.
        G. Leighton, an Airplane Division of three
        landplanes under Lieutenant Commander E. O.
        McDonnell on Texas (Battleship No. 35) and a
        Kite-Balloon Division of six balloons on various
        ships.

In 1928, at Wright Field, Lt. H. A. Sutton began a series of
        tests to study the spinning characteristics of
        planes, for which he was awarded the Mackay Trophy.

In 1934, the first scheduled air mail service between Berlin
        and Rio de Janeiro is started by Luft Hansa. The
        route was flown in four stages.

In 1944, Flight Safety Bulletin No. 1 was issued jointly by
        the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) and the
        Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, announcing their
        intention to issue consecutively numbered bulletins
        concerning the safe operation of naval aircraft.

In 1946, Pan Am inaugurates the first commercial use of the
        Lockheed Model 049 Constellation on its service
        between New York and Bermuda.

In 1948, 145 pilots at National Airlines go on strike
        grounding all 22 aircraft. The dispute is over
        air safety.

In 1949, the Lockheed R6O Constitution, commissioned the day
        before at NAS Alameda, inaugurated her
        transcontinental service, Moffett Field to
        Washington, D.C., by establishing a new record for
        personnel carried on a transcontinental flight.
        With 78 passengers and 18 crewmen, the 92-ton plane
        crossed the continent in 9 hours and 35 minutes.

In 1958, the Chief, Bureau of Aeronautics appointed a
        Weapons System Team to accelerate development and
        fleet introduction of the A2F (A-6) aircraft. This
        team was under the chairmanship of the program
        manager and staffed with representatives from
        Production, Maintenance and Contracts Divisions and
        the Research and Development Group.
       
In 1964, four AF airmen locked in a spaceship simulator
        exhibited no ill effects after exposure to a pure
        oxygen atmosphere for 30 days.

In 1969, the Naval Air Systems Command issued a contract to
        Grumman for development of the F-14A fighter and
        manufacture of six experimental aircraft. The F-14,
        intended as a high performance replacement for the
        F-4 and abortive F-111B, will feature a variable-
        sweep wing and carry the Phoenix missile.

In 1994, the final flight of an F-104 at Dryden, a symbolic
        farewell with NASA 826, is piloted by Tom McMurtry,
        Chief, Flight Operations Division.  First acquired
        in 1956, 11 F-104's flew at Dryden over a 38 year
        period as chase and research aircraft. The last
        research mission with NASA 826 was January 31, 1994.
        The other remaining F-104, NASA 825, was flown on
        its last research mission January 24, 1994.

In 1995, the 20th flight of Discovery was launched as
        STS-63, with Lt. Col. Eileen Collins becoming the
        first woman to pilot a space shuttle. 


                   February 4


Clement Ader:  born February 4, 1841
        French engineer and inventor; pioneer in flight;
        built three aircraft designs, the Eole, the
        Avion II and the Avion III.  The design of the
        Avion III, built in 1897,  resembled that of a bat. 
        None of the three ever flew.  It is said that
        Ader coined the word "avion" which was short for
        Appareil Volant Imitant les Oisaux Naturels,
        (Flying Machine Imitating Natural Birds).

        Some believe Ader made a successful flight with
        the Eole in 1890.  Since the Eole had no tail and
        no method of lateral control, this cannot be
        confirmed.

Ludwig Prandtl:  born February 4, 1875
        born in Freising, Germany, considered the father of
        aerodynamics; studied mechanical engineering in
        Munich; in 1904, he conceived the idea of the
        boundry layer; he made innovations in the design of
        wind tunnels; he designed the pitot static tube; he
        also developed several theories which were related to
        the process of airflow over airfoils, two of which are
        the Lanchester-Prandtl Wing Theory and the Prandtl-
        Glaubert rule for subsonic airflow.

Charles Lindbergh:  born February 4, 1902
        born in Detroit, MI; grew up in Little Falls, Minn;
        purchased a war surplus Jenny in 1923 and began
        flying; entered the Army Air Service flying school and
        received his wings in 1925; in 1926, he became an air
        mail pilot flying between St Louis and Chicago; in
        May 1927 he became the first to cross the Atlantic
        solo and non-stop; in 1944 he went to the Pacific and
        flew about 50 combat missions; appointed a Brigadier
        General in the USAF in 1954; worked for Pan American
        World Airways as a consultant

In 1917, the Secretary of the Navy directed that 16
        non-rigid airships of Class B be procured. Contracts
        were subsequently issued to the Connecticut Aircraft
        Corporation, the Goodyear Tire & Rubber Company and
        the B. F. Goodrich Company.

In 1925, commanding officers were made responsible for
        determining when aircraft attached to vessels of the
        fleet required overhaul, and an earlier order of
        1923 was canceled which had required complete
        overhaul of such aircraft every six months.

In 1929, Capt. Frank Hawks and O. E. Grubb established new
        nonstop transcontinental West-East record of 18
        hours 22 minutes, in a single-engine Lockheed Air
        Express, the first practical application of NACA
        cowling for radial air-cooled engines.

In 1944, in a test of refueling operations with the CVE
        Altamaha off San Diego, the K-29 of Blimp Squadron
        31 made the first carrier landing by a non-rigid
        airship.

In 1944, the first photo reconnaissance of Truk was made by
        2 PB4Y's of VMD-254 on a 12-hour night flight from
        the Solomon Islands. Cloud cover prevented complete
        coverage but the information acquired was useful in
        planning the carrier strike which hit later in the
        month.

In 1948, the first flight of reseach airplane Douglas
        D-558-II (No. 1), John Martin of Douglas as pilot.
        Airplane had both jet and rocket engines and was
        flown from ground takeoff.

In 1955, the first flight of the first production Avro 698
        Vulcan MK-I B.

In 1958, the keel of the world's first nuclear powered
        aircraft carrier, Enterprise, was laid at Newport
        News.

In 1971, a P-3C, at the Naval Air test Center, with
        Commander D.H. Lilienthal Plane Commander, set a
        world record for its class of 45,018.2 feet altitude
        in horizontal flight.

In 1974, TF-9J Cougars, made their final flights. These last
        flights were made with VT-4 students aboard the John
        F. Kennedy.



                  February 5


Andre-Gustave Citroen:  born February 5, 1878
        began as an industrialist producing industiral
        gears and armament; began Citroen Cars at the end of
        WW-I; first car produced was the "A" in 1919; ahead
        of its time it came with electric lights, starter
        and a hood; followed were the B2, B10 and the 5cv;
        in 1934, introduced the first mass produced front
        wheel drive car, the Traction Avant

In 1917, the Chief of Naval Operations recommended that, in
        view of the urgent military necessity, eight
        aeronautic coastal patrol stations be established.

In 1918, while flying as a substitute gunner with a French
        squadron, Lt. Stephen W. Thompson becomes the first
        American to record an aerial victory while in a US
        uniform.  He shot down a German Albatros D.III and
        was credited with 1/2 the victory, sharing it
        with the French pilot.

In 1919, the first civil airline with passenger service,
        Germany's Deutsche Luftreederei which operated
        between Berlin, Leipzig, and Weimar.

In 1920, Navy-sponsored project of developing radio-loop
        antennas for navigational purposes.

In 1929, Frank Hawks and Oscar Grubb land their Lockheed
        Air Express in New York after a record 18 hour
        20 minute flight from Los Angeles.

In 1931, Maxine Dunlap became the first woman to be licensed
        as a glider pilot.

In 1941, Bureau of Standards developed photoelectric
        detector to simplify measurement of height of
        clouds.

In 1946, TWA begins trans Atlantic service with a flight
        ending in Paris.  Later that year TWA would add
        service to Rome, Athens, Cairo, Lisbon and Madrid.

In 1949, an Eastern Airlines Lockheed Constellation lands
        at LGA in New York after a record flight of 6 hours
        18 minutes from Los Angeles in a transport aircraft.

In 1951, six AJ-1 and three P2V-3C aircraft, of VC-5
        departed Norfolk for Port Lyautey, French Morocco,
        via Bermuda and the Azores. Completion of the flight
        on the 8th by all but one AJ, which was grounded at
        Lajes, Azores, by lack of spare parts, was the first
        trans-Atlantic flight by carrier type aircraft.

In 1962, an HSS-2 Sea King became the first helicopter to
        exceed 200 m.p.h. in an officially sanctioned trial.
        Piloted by Lieutenant R. W. Crafton, USN, and
        Captain L. K. Keck, USMC, over a course along the
        Connecticut shore from Milford to New Haven, the
        antisubmarine helicopter broke the world record for
        15 to 25 kilometers with a speed of 210.65 m.p.h.

In 1992, the first 747 flies out of retirement as part of a
        program to flight test the engines for the Boeing
        777.


                   February 6


George Herman Ruth:  born February 6, 1895
        aka Babe Ruth; US baseball hall of fame

In 1923, transfer of the Aeronautical Engine Laboratory from
        the Washington Navy Yard to the Naval Aircraft
        Factory was authorized by the Secretary of the Navy,
        thereby clearly establishing the Naval Aircraft
        Factory as the center of the Navy's aeronautical
        development and experimental work.

In 1926, Pratt & Whitney produced first Wasp engine, a
        nine-cylinder radial air-cooled engine of about 400
        hp at 1,800 rpm.

Joan Olander:  born February 6, 1933
        aka Mamie Van Doren; born in Rowena, South Dakota;
        actress; former dance band singer; first movie was
        an uncredited part of a WAF in "Jet Pilot", filmed
        in 1950 with John Wayne.  Although "Jet Pilot" was
        not released until 1957, it was, indeed, filmed in
        1950 and kept on the shelf during the intervening
        years by Howard Hughes. First released movie (1951)
        was "His Kind of Woman" with Robert Mitchum and
        Jane Russell.

        Chuck Yeager flew an F-86 for some of the scenes
        in Jet Pilot, which had a plot line vaguely similar
        -- if inferior -- to Ninotchka. The Bell X-1 was
        repainted to simulate the "parasite fighter" which
        formed a plot element.

        Jet Pilot and The Conqueror, another Hughes film that
        stayed in the can for a long time, are regarded as
        constituting the biggest-ever setback for Wayne's
        career -- and the latter film very likely caused
        his death.

In 1942, the 80th Pursuit Squsdron (as part of the 8th
        Pursuit Group) landed at Brisbane, Australia
        enroute to Archer Field, Lowood, Australia. The
        group would begin training in P-39 Aircobras.

In 1943, the 80th Fighter Squadron (name was changed in
        May 1942) moved to Mareeba, Australia to begin
        training in the Lockheed P-38.

In 1946, a TWA Lockheed Constellation lands at Orly Airport
        in Paris to complete the airlines first scheduled
        international flight.

In 1973, the Naval Air Systems Command established a policy
        that new avionics equipment generally be designed
        for automatic troubleshooting with the general
        purpose Versatile Avionics Shop Test (VAST)
        computerized equipment. This policy significantly
        improves the maintenance of avionics equipment
        through use of the VAST system which was designed
        with the capability to test the majority of avionics
        within the naval aviation inventory.


 
                 February 7


John Deere:  born February 7, 1804
        born in Rutland, Vermont; in 1837, he built his
        first steel plow; in 1852, Deere and Co was
        located in Moline, Illinois; he passed away in
        1886; his son began producing tractors in 1918
        when they acquired the Waterloo Gasoline Engine
        Co.

In 1918, the Joint Army and Navy Technical Aeronautical
        Board (JAN-TAB) passed resolution on Instrument
        Standardization in Army and Navy planes for
        incorporation in general specifications.

In 1922, the completion of a 50-hour test run of the
        Lawrance J-1, 200 hp., radial aircooled engine by
        the Aeronautical Engine Laboratory, Washington Navy
        Yard, foreshadowed the successful use of radial
        engines in naval aircraft.

Konstantin Petrovich Feoktistov:  born February 7, 1926
        Soviet spacecraft designer and cosmonaut; born in
        Voronezh, Russia; crewmember of Voskhod 1; became
        bureau head and designed civilian Salyut and Mir
        space station; I read that the Voskhod 1 mission
        was done without space suits.

In 1930, action to develop a means of recovering seaplanes
        by ships underway was initiated by a request from
        the Bureau of Aeronautics that the Naval Aircraft
        Factory study the problem and work up designs for a
        system adaptable in recovering seaplanes of the
        O2U-3 type.

        The method was a net dragged behind the cruiser. 
        On the back of the main float was a small fin like
        hook.  The cruiser would make a sharp side ways turn
        creating an area that float plane could land in and
        it would taxi up to the net being dragged behind the
        cruiser and then the net would be pulled into the
        cruiser and then hooked to the crane.  All this
        with the ship underway.

In 1937, the prototype Blackburn B.24 Skua makes its
        maiden flight. It was piloted by Dasher Blake at
        Brough, Yorkshire. This was the first mono-wing
        fighter of the Royal Navy.

        Also, the Skua was also the first RN FAA carrier
        land plane to have retractable landing gear (have
        to say "land plane" because various FAA seaplanes
        had retractable landing gear and could land on
        carriers).

In 1950, in a demonstration of carrier long-range attack
        capabilities, a P2V-3C Neptune, with Commander
        Thomas Robinson in command, took off from Franklin
        D. Roosevelt off Jacksonville, Fla., and flew over
        Charleston, S.C., the Bahamas, the Panama Canal, up
        the coast of Central America and over Mexico to land
        next day at the Municipal Airport, San Francisco,
        Calif. The flight, which covered 5,060 miles in
        25 hours, 59 minutes, was the longest ever made from
        a carrier deck.

In 1957, first of a series of two-stage test vehicles
        (RM-10) to make heat transfer studies at high speed
        in free flight, was launched from NACA's Pilotless
        Aircraft Reserach Station at Wallops Island, Va.
        Vehicle was developed by PARD of Langley Laboratory.

In 1958, the Manchester United football team was lost at a
        British European Airways Airspeed AS.57 Ambassador
        went down in Munich.

In 1961, X-15 flown to unofficial record 2,275 miles per
        hour by Maj. Robert White, U.S. Air Force. Joe Walker
        broke his "own" record of 2,111 mph which was set on
        12 May 1960 (also in the X-15).  The next record of this
        type aircraft was 2,275 mph set on 7 Feb 61 by Bob White.

In 1985, the Air Force announced that women could serve as
        launching control officers in Minuteman and MX
        missile bunkers.

In 1995, the B-2A Spirit made its first drop of live bombs
        during a Red Flag excercise at Nellis AFB, Las
        Vegas, Nevada.

In 1996, the Concorde's fastest yet transatlantic crossing
        was (JFK to Heathrow) in 02:52:59 for an average
        speed of 1193.3 mph (statute).


                    February 8

                      

Jules Verne:  born February 8, 1828
        born in Nates, France; author; wrote "20,000
        Leagues Under the Sea"; ran away to become a cabin
        boy on a merchant ship; returned home to finish
        school; studied law in Paris; first novel published
        in 1863 - "Five Weeks in a Balloon".

William Avery Bishop:  born February 8, 1894
        Canadian fighter ace during WW-I; educated at the
        Royal Military College in Ontario; enlisted in the
        4th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles in 1914;
        transferred to England's Royal Flying Corps and was
        posted in France as an observer; credited with 72
        victories and received the Croix de Guerre; subject
        in the contraversial film "The Kid Who Couldn't Miss".

Benjamin Franklin Mahoney:  born February 8, 1901
        born in Wilkes-Barre, PA; in 1919, he and his mother
        moved to San Diego, where he became a bond salesman;
        T. Claude Ryan, a former U.S. Air Service pilot,
        taught Mahoney to fly; Ryan's school used World War I
        Standard J-1 open-cockpit trainers.

        Mahoney joined forces with Ryan and the Los Angeles to
        San Diego Air Line came into being on March 1, 1925.
        The fare was $14.50 one way, $22.50 round trip. It was
        claimed to be the first airline in the United States
        to operate all year on a regular schedule.

        Several months after Frank Mahoney became sole owner of
        Ryan Airlines, in early February 1927, Lindbergh, an
        airmail pilot familiar with the good record of the M-1
        with Pacific Air Transport, wired, "Can you construct
        Whirlwind engine plane capable flying nonstop between
        New York and Paris...?" The Spirit of St. Louis was
        completed 60 days after Lindbergh arrived in San Diego

In 1908, the first flight tests of the Gastambide-Mengin I
        monoplane. Built by Leon Levavasseur, it had a
        50 hp Antoinette engine.

In 1913, Lieutenant J. H. Towers reported on experimental
        work underway at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, including
        bombing, aerial photography, and wireless
        transmission, and stated: "We have become fairly
        accurate at dropping missiles, using a fairly simple
        device gotten up by one of the men. Have obtained
        some good photographs from the boats at heights
        up to 1,000 feet. I believe we will get some results
        with wireless this winter."

Lana Turner:  born February 8, 1920
        Actress, born in Wallace, Idaho; began her acting
        career when she was a student at Hollywood High
        School

James Dean:  born February 8, 1931
        Actor; born in Marion, Indiana; his dad was a dental
        technician; move to Santa Monica when he was 6;
        returned to Fairmount, Indiana when he was 9; began
        college in California studying pre-law; finished
        filming Rebel Without a Cause in June 1955; died
        in October 1955.

In 1933, the first flight of the Boeing Model 247. 

In 1961, when asked at press conference about U.S.
        man-in-space plans, President Kennedy stated: "We
        are very concerned that we do not put a man in space
        in order to gain some prestige and have the man take
        a disproportionate risk . . . even if we should come
        in second in putting a man in space, I will still be
        satisfied if when we finally put a man in space
        his chances of survival are as high as I think they
        must be."

In 1961, NAA delivered X-15 No. 2 with XLR-99 engine to NASA
        for the initiation of the NASA flight research
        program.

In 1967, the first flight of the Saab model 37 Viggen.

In 1971, Commander D.H. Lilienthal and crew in their P-3C
        completed the assault on world records for unlimited
        weight turboprop planes establishing an altitude
        record of 46,214.5 feet, and time-to-climb records
        of 3,000 meters in two minutes 51.7 seconds; 6,000
        meters in five minutes 46.3 seconds; 9,000 meters in
        ten minutes 26.1 seconds; and 12,000 meters in
        19 minutes 42.2 seconds.

In 1974, Skylab IV astronauts Lieutenant Colonel Gerald P.
        Carr, USMC, who was commander of the mission, Dr.
        Edward Gibson, and Lieutenant Colonel William Pogue,
        USAF, landed in the Pacific after a record-setting
        84 days in space. They were recovered by HC-1 which
        flew them aboard New Orleans. This event marked the
        thirty-second astronaut retrieval by Naval aviators
        since the space program began in 1961.

In 1988, for the first time, the FAA retires an aircraft
        registration number. It was NR 16020, the number
        of Amelia Earhart's plane.


                  February 9

                      

Wilhelm Maybach:  born February 9, 1846
        born in Heilbronn, Wurttemberg, Germany; engineer;
        chief designer of the first Mercedes; instrumental
        in the design of the first Daimler gasoline engine;
        after Gottlieb Daimler's death, Maybach formed his
        own comapany which supplied engines for Schutte-Lanz,
        Zeppelin, Parseval and Gross-Basenbach airships.

Sir Charles Edward Kingsford Smith:  born February 9, 1897
        Australian pilot who, with a crew of 3, flew across
        the Atlantic from Portmarnock, Ireland to Harbour
        Grace, Newfoundland on June 24-25, 1930.

In 1919, the submission of aerological data, obtained at
        various naval air stations, to the U.S. Weather
        Bureau for use in coordinated study of weather
        conditions, commenced with the report submitted by
        NAS Pensacola.

In 1935, the XN3N-1, prototype of the Yellow Peril primary
        trainer, was ordered from the Naval Aircraft
        Factory.

        Randy, did some poking around re: retirement. They
        were declared surplus in the mid-forties (I've seen
        1945). About 100 kept on active duty including
        35 that were on floats and sent to Anapolis for
        Midshipmen indoctrination flights at the US Naval
        Academy. These seem to have been retired around
        1961. John provided this link: http://www.nasgi.org/n3n3.htm

In 1936, Tommy Rose lands at Wingfield Aerodrome in Cape Town,
        South Africa after a record flight from England
        of 3 days, 17 hours, 38 minutes.

In 1939, Alex Henshaw lands his Percival Mew Gull at Gravesend,
        Kent England after a record flight to Cape Town and
        back in 4 days, 10 hours, 20 minutes.

In 1949, the Department of Space Medicine was established at
        the School of Aviation Medicine, Randolph AFB, Tex.

In 1957, the Robertson Committee, chaired by the Deputy
        Secretary of Defense, Reuben B. Robertson, Jr., and
        formed to study means of shortening the time
        required to develop aircraft, issued its final
        report.

In 1961, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory reported that
        Earth is a slightly irregular ellipsoid according to
        new calculations.

In 1961, James E. Webb confirmed by the Senate as
        Administrator of NASA.

In 1963, Pratt and Whitney introduced a turbofan engine to
        be used in short-to-medium range commercial service. 
        It was the JT8D engine.  The first flight of the
        JT8D powered Boeing 727 (-100) trijet took place on
        this day.

In 1969, the first flight of the Boeing 747 was also the
        first flight of the Pratt and Whitney JT9D turbofan.

In 1972, AWACS makes its first flight.

In 1979, the Secretary of the Navy announced that the
        helicopter portion of the Navy's LAMPS MK III was to
        be known officially as the Seahawk. Designated
        SH-60B, the Sikorsky helicopter took its name from
        the Curtiss SC-1 Seahawk which was a catapult
        launched, non-carrier, ASW float plane of late World
        War II.

In 1997, the Boeing 737 (-700) makes its first flight.

                  February 10


Jimmy Durante:  born February 10, 1893
        Actor; born in New York City; began as a
        saloon pianist in Coney Island; "Goodnight
        Mrs. Calabash wherever you are."

Allan "John" Francis Harding:  born February 10, 1896
        born in South Petherton, Somerset, England;
        British Field Marshall who commanded the Desert
        Rats (7th Armoured Division) in North Africa.
        Harding was a "Brigadier General" when he
        directly commanded the 7th Armoured. Later "Field
        Marshall" and then "Lord."

In 1911, acting Secretary of the Navy Beekman Winthrop
        directed the Point Loma, Calif., Wireless Station to
        cooperate with Captain Harry S. Harkness, U.S.
        Aeronautical Reserve, in experiments in connection
        with use of wireless from aeroplanes.

In 1923, an experimental night flight is made between
        Croydon, England and Le Bourget, France.

In 1938, British Hurricane fighter flown from Edinburgh to
        Northolt, near London, at an average speed of
        308.75 mph, J. W. Gillan as pilot.

In 1941, as an initial step in training patrol plane pilots
        to make blind landings, using radio instrument
        landing equipment which was being procured for all
        patrol aircraft and their bases, a one-month course
        of instruction began under Project Baker. This was
        attended by one pilot from each of 13 squadrons; by
        one radioman from each of five patrol wings; and by
        two radiomen from each of five Naval Air Stations.

In 1947, Major E.M. Cassell, USAF, set an unofficial world
        helicopter altitude record of 19,167 feet at Dayton,
        Ohio, in a Sikorsky R-5A.

In 1950, the C-46 "China Doll" was declared surplus by the
        USAF, acquired by "Meteor Air Transport" and given
        the registration N53594.

In 1950, Secretary of the Air Force directed that the Air
        Engineering Development Center be renamed the Arnold
        Engineering Development Center in honor of the late
        General of the Air Force, Henry H. Arnold.

In 1958, Airman 1/C Donald G. Farrell spent the week of
        February 10-16 in a space-cabin simulator at SAM,
        Randolph AFB, Tex.

In 1961, the first static test of prototype thrust chamber
        of F-1 engine achieved a thrust of 1,550,000 pounds
        for a few seconds, at Edwards, Calif.


                   February 11


In 1909, Vivian C Walsh pilots a Howard-Wright biplane on
        what is considered the first flight of a powered
        airplane in New Zealand.

Tina Louise:  born February 11, 1937
        Actress; born in New York City; attended Miami of
        Ohio; played Ginger on Gilligan's Island

In 1939, Lockheed P-38 Lightning made its public debut by
        flying across the Nation from California, to a
        crack-up landing at Mitchel Field, Long Island, Lt.
        Ben Kelsey as pilot. The flight was accomplished in
        seven hours.

In 1943, a contract was issued to the Ryan Aeronautical
        Corporation for the XFR-1 fighter. This aircraft
        incorporated a conventional reciprocating engine for
        use in normal operations and the turbojet for use as
        a booster during takeoffs and maximum performance
        flights. Development and production were handled on
        a crash basis to equip escort carrier squadrons at
        the earliest possible date. However, numerous bugs
        were encountered which prevented the FR-1's
        assignment to combat.

In 1943, the Vought F4U Corsair was flown on a combat
        mission for the first time when 12 planes of VMF-124
        based on Guadalcanal escorted a PB2Y Dumbo to Vella
        Lavella to pick up downed pilots. The flight was
        uneventful. In addition ... VMF-124 downed three (3)
        A6Ms on the 14th to record the first kills in the
        war by F4Us.

In 1959, Army announced that a weather balloon, launched at
        the Signal Research and Development Laboratory, Fort
        Monmouth, N.J., had established a world altitude
        record of 146,000 feet.


                  February 12


Omar Nelson Bradley:  born February 12, 1893
        born near Clark, Missouri; star player on the
        Moberly High School baseball team; worked for
        the Wabash Railroad after HS graduation to earn
        money to attend U of Missouri; accepted at West
        Point Military Academy; classmate with Dwight
        Eisenhower; also in that class were aviators
        Joseph Swing, John T McNarney and George E.
        Stratemeyer.

        Bradley became Commander of the First US Army
        during WW-II and in 1948, succeeded Eisenhower as
        Army Chief of Staff; in 1949 he became the
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; in 1950
        he became General of the Army with five stars.

In 1914, the first flight of the Sikorski Ilya Muromets.

Lorne Greene:  born February 12, 1915
        born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Actor; Ben
        Cartwright on Bonanza; during WW-II, he was a
        news broadcaster with the Canadian Broadcasting
        Company; in 1959 Bonanza first aired.

In 1923, the Bureau of Navigation informed the Commandant at
        Pensacola that two year's service in an operating
        unit subsequent to graduation from flight training
        was no longer a requirement for designation as a
        Naval Aviator.

In 1935, after encountering a severe gust of wind which
        caused a structural failure, the rigid airship Macon
        (ZRS-5) crashed off Point Sur, Calif., with two
        fatalities.

In 1954, first flight test of a high-energy fuel made by
        NACA Lewis Laboratory in an air-launched test
        vehicle.

In 1959, the last operational USAF Convair B-36 is retired to
        Amon Carter field where it is put on display.

In 1962, flight tests began with the Paraglider Research
        Vehicle (Paresev).  It was developed to study the
        ways of returning Gemini and Apollo spacecraft to
        Earth using a hang glider type wing.  The test pilot
        was Milt Thompson.



                   February 13


Johan Ludvig Emil Dreyer:  born February 13, 1852
        Danish astronomer who compiled the "New General
        Catalog of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars"

In 1913, at the second British Aero Show in London the
        Vickers Destroyer is displayed. Official name
        for the aircraft is the Experimental Fighting
        Biplane No 1.

In 1917, Aircraft Manufacturers Association formed, Frank H.
        Russell as president.

In 1917, at Pensacola, Captain Francis T. Evans, USMC,
        performed the first loop with a seaplane, an N-9
        floatplane at 3,000 feet, and then forced it into a
        spin and successfully recovered. For this
        contribution to the science of aviation, he was
        later awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.

Charles Elwood Yeager:  born February 13, 1923
        born in Myra, WV; raised in Hamlin, WV; enlisted
        in the Army Air Corps in 1941; trained as an
        aircraft mechanic; first ride in a T-6 Harvard;
        earned his wings and began fighter training in
        Tonopah, NV in a P-39; stationed in Leiston, Suffolk,
        England as part of the 357th Fighter Group he became
        an ace flying the P-51.

        After the war, he became a test pilot at Wright-
        Patterson in Ohio; in 1947, he is credited with
        being the first to break the sound barrier in a
        Bell X-1 at Muroc AFB in California.

        Was finaly commissioned on 6 July 1944
        Shot down five (5) Me 109s on 12 October 1944
        Total "Kill Credits" 11.5
        All his combat flying was with the 363rd Fighter Squadron.

In 1955, an F3H-1N Demon, piloted by McDonnell Test Pilot C.
        V. Braun, set the unofficial record for climb to
        10,000 feet at 71 seconds.



                   February 14

              Happy Valentines Day

Benjamin Kubelsky:  born February 14, 1894
        aka Jack Benny; born in Chicago, IL; grew up
        in Waukegan, IL; at 16 got a job playing
        violin in the pit at the Barrison Theater in
        Waukegan; in 1917, he joined the US Navy;
        he started entertaining the troops during
        evening shows and soon dropped the violin
        and began his comedy act; he travelled all
        over as part of the Navy's Maritime Frolics;
        his first radio appearance was on the Ed
        Sullivan radio show; during WW-II he travelled
        to military bases and entertained the troops;
        in all, he was on radio and television for 33
        years. 

In 1912, the first flight of LZ 11, the "Viktoria Luise,"
        with the first passenger flight on March 4. It was
        named after Kaiser Wilhelm II's only daughter. The
        airship mainly flew within Germany and to
        Helgoland, Hamburg and Kopenhagen. Passengers were
        carried on 254 of these flights. The 1000th trip was
        made on July 5, 1915. The ship was destroyed at the
        aerodrome in Leignitz on October 8, 1915

In 1930, the first monoplane designed for carrier
        operations, a Boeing Model 205 fighter later
        purchased by the Navy and designated XF5B-1, was
        delivered to NAS Anacostia for test. The Board of
        Inspection and Survey in its report commented
        adversely on the XF5B-1's landing, takeoff and high
        altitude characteristics, but recommended further
        development to obtain a rational comparison of
        monoplane and biplane types.

In 1942, the first flight of the Douglas DC-4 which was
        flown as the C-54 Skymaster.

In 1951, Republic F-84F with Wright J-65 Sapphire engine
        made first flight at Edwards AFB.

In 1957, NACA established "Round Three" Steering Committee
        to study feasiblity of a hypersonic boost-glide
        research airplane. "Round Three" was considered as
        the third major flight research program which
        started with the X-series of rocket-propelled
        supersonic research airplanes, and which
        considered the X-15 research airplane as the second
        major program. The boost-glide program eventually
        became known as DynaSoar.

In 1961, NASA and United Kingdom agreed to establish joint
        program to test communications satellites to be
        launched by NASA in 1962 and 1963 in Projects Relay
        and Rebound.



              February 15


James Vincent Forrestal:  born February 15, 1892
        born in Beacon, New York; attended Princeton
        University; early 20's he went to work on
        Wall Street for an investment firm; entered
        Government service in 1940 as a Special
        Assistant to FDR; quickly appointed Under Sec
        of the US Navy; suceeded William Frank Knox as
        Secretary of the Navy; became the first US
        Secretary of Defense.

In 1928, President Coolidge signed a bill authorizing
        acceptance of a new site near San Antonio, Texas, to
        become the Army Air Corps training center.  This
        center is now Randolph AFB.

Graham Hill:  born February 15, 1929
        British racing driver; Formula 1 Champion and
        Indy winner. Lost his life in his Aztec in 1975,
        circumstances suggest VFR into IMC...he had no
        insurance and his wife was cleaned out by the
        estates of the other victims.

In 1930, the design of retractable landing gear,
        particularly attractive for use in fighting planes
        because of its promise to improve performance and
        thereby enhance military value, had progressed to
        the point that the Naval Aircraft Factory was
        authorized to construct working models as a means of
        establishing the practicability of various
        retracting mechanisms.

In 1938, six Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses, under the
        command of Lt. Col. Robert Olds, leave Langley
        Field, Virginia, on a goodwill flight to Buenos
        Aires, Argentina.

        The "Good Will Mission" to Argentina departed
        Langley at 0900-hrs E.S.T. The six B-17s [Y1B-17s]
        of the 2nd Bomb Group flew in loose formation and
        arrived Miami in mid-afternoon. They stayed over on
        the 16th with each of the six departing
        independently from Miami on the 17th. Their
        destination: Lima, Peru. The aircraft maintained
        radio contact with one another but, except for the
        time period near departure, they remained mostly
        out-of-sight of one another.

        The aircraft commanders of the six were: Lt. Col.
        Robert Olds; Capt. Neil Harding; Major Cal Haynes;
        Major Hal George; Major Vince Meloy; and, Capt.
        Archie Y. Smith. Also along as one of the
        Navigators was Curtis LeMay.

        For the first [Miami-Lima] leg, the measured
        distance was 2,695-miles. All aircraft arrived and
        averaged about 15 1/2 hours flying time, each. They
        landed at PanAm Grace Airways Field at Lima. Major
        Meloy's aircraft ran into problems with part of
        their propeller control (pitch) controls. Therefore,
        only five (5) of the B-17's departed Lima for Buenos
        Aires. This time the flight of 5 maintained visual
        contact with one-another flying a very loose
        formation. Their route was "over" the Andes and they
        stayed between 20 and 21 thousand feet during the
        flight. 12-hours and  9-minutes after departure they
        landed safely at Buenos Aires. Meloy did get off the
        ground after making repairs and arrived at B.A.
        about 2-hours later than the first five.
        Notwithstanding, he must have picked up tail winds
        because his elapsed time from Lima to B.A. was only: 
        11-hour and 5-minutes.... a new record for that leg.

        On the return the six B-17s heading back for Lima
        was short-by-one. Archie Smith having gear
        difficulty at Buenos Aires had to "race" to catch up
        with the other five. He did, landing at Lima , where
        others were already well into their refueling and
        check routines. It was decided to refuel again in
        the Canal Zone, which they did at France Field. he
        six then flew non-stop back to Langley Field setting
        a new distance record for the Air Corps.

In 1940, the Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet, noting that
        reports on air operations in the European War
        stressed the need of reducing aircraft
        vulnerability, recommended that naval aircraft be
        equipped with leak-proof or self-sealing fuel
        tanks and with armor for pilots and observers.

In 1943, it is announced that Major General Ira C. Eaker
        will succeed Major General Carl A. Spaatz as
        commander of the USAAF's Eighth Air Force.

In 1946, the first flight of the Douglas DC-6 which was also
        designated the C-118 Liftmaster.

In 1954, General Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated Charles A.
        Lindbergh to be a brigadier general in the Air Force
        Reserve.

In 1954, President Eisenhower approved the National Security
        Council's recommendation for construction of the
        Distant Early Warning (DEW) line.

In 1961, U.S.S.R. reportedly made first photos of solar
        eclipse from a vehicle in space, in report later
        released on May 28.

In 1961, James E. Webb was sworn in as NASA Administrator.

In 1965, Mrs. Guy Maher arrives in Medford NJ from Culver
        City CA in a Hughes 300 to complete the first
        transcontinental helicopter trip by a woman.

In 1986, the first flight of the Beech Model 2000 Starship.

In 1990, the first of three SR-71's arrive at Dryden for a
        program to investigate a host of disciplines to help
        development of future high speed civil and military
        aircraft.  Three YF-12's, prototypes for a fighter
        interceptor version of the SR-71, were flown at
        Dryden from 1969 to 1979 in an earlier high speed
        program.



                 February 16


Edgar Bergen:  born February 16, 1903
        Ventriloquist; grew up in Decatur, IL; famous for
        his act with his dummies Charlie McCarthy, Mortimer
        Snerd and Effie Klinker.

        Bergen apparently played a role in Orson Welles's
        infamous "War of the Worlds" broadcast in 1938. He had
        adopted Jack Benny's trademark routine of opening his
        show with a few minutes of standup, often accompanied
        by W. C. Fields who traded barbs with Charlie McCarthy.

        Quite a few people were in the habit of listening to the
        opening and then switching to Welles's Mercury Theatre,
        and thus missed the introduction in which Welles explained
        that he was dramatizing a novel.

In 1914, Lieutenant (jg) J. McC. Murray, Naval Aviator No.
        10, on a flight at Pensacola in the Burgess D-1
        flying boat, crashed to the water from 200 feet and
        was drowned.

In 1918, plant for assembly of American-made airplanes began
        operations at Romorantin, France.

In 1933, the President presented to Colonel Nathan D. Ely,
        USA (Ret), the Distinguished Flying Cross, awarded
        posthumously to Colonel Ely's son, Eugene B. Ely,
        for extraordinary achievement as a pioneer aviator
        and for significant contribution as a civilian to
        the development of aviation in the Navy when in 1910
        and 1911 he demonstrated the feasibility of
        operating aircraft from ships.

In 1942, a Navy developed Air-Track blind landing system was
        in daily use in Iceland for landing flying boats.
        Other blind-landing systems were in various phases
        of development, and work on the Ground Controlled
        Approach system had progressed to the point that
        Navy personnel had made talk-down landings at the
        East Boston (Commonwealth) Airport.

In 1950, the TV show "What's My Line" debuted on US
        television.

In 1955, first known survivor of supersonic ejection of a pilot,
        a North American test pilot ejected from an aircraft
        at Mach 1.05.
 
        FROM A NEWS ARTICLE OF THE TIME:

        "The F-100A's ejection seat was given a rather spectacular
        test of its effectiveness on February 16,1955. On that day,
        company test pilot George F. Smith was at 37,000 feet doing
        a speed run in a modified F-1 OOA when it suffered a hydraulic
        lock that resulted in an uncontrollable dive. Shortly after
        noon, a crippled Super Sabre ripped out of an overcast sky
        near Dana Point and plunged into the Pacific Ocean with an
        explosion that shook the Southern California coast for miles
        around."

Le Var Burton:  born February 16, 1957
        Jordi on Star Trek, Next Generation
                                   
In 1960, the first flight of the Vought F8U-2N Crusader in
        Dallas Texas. There is a story that the YF8U didn't
        have the ventral strakes and swapped ends the first
        time it went supersonic, thus the fact that the
        F8U-2 was the first production model.

In 1979, the first F/A-18 Hornet arrived at NATC Patuxent
        River for evaluation trials. Testing during the year
        included refueling in-flight, land-based catapult
        launchings and arrested landings, speed tests and
        at-sea carrier takeoffs and traps aboard America.

In 1982, the first production Airbus A-310 is rolled out of
        the factory destined for Swissair.



                  February 17


Aaron Montgomery Ward:  born February 17, 1844
        born in Chatham, NJ;  named after a General in
        George Washington's Army; originally worked in
        Chicago as a clerk for Marshall Field; founded
        Montgomery Ward stores and introduced the concept
        of mail order; issued the first catalog in 1872;
        very active in preserving the open space parks
        along the Chicago waterfront.

Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson:  born February 17, 1864
        Australian journalist and poet; best known for his
        composition "Waltzing Matilda"; born in Narambla,
        New South Wales; during WW-I he joined the Second
        Australian Remount Unit as a 2nd LT where he
        trained over 50,000 horses.

In 1876, Julius Wolff was credited with being the first to
        put sardines in a can in Eastport, Maine.

In 1911, in another of the early demonstrations of the
        adaptability of aircraft to naval uses, Glenn H.
        Curtiss taxied his hydroaeroplane alongside
        Pennsylvania (Armored Cruiser No. 4) at anchor in
        San Diego Harbor, was hoisted aboard and off
        again by ship's crane and then returned to base.

In 1919, the Fleet Air Detachment which had completed
        assembly at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, on the 15th, began
        operations with the Fleet by participating in Long
        Range Spotting Practice. On this day and in
        subsequent exercises, the Detachment gave a
        practical demonstration of the capabilities of
        aircraft and of the advantages to be derived from
        the coordinated employment of air and surface units.

In 1930, the first National Conference on Aeronautical
        Education held at St. Louis, Mo.

In 1938, six Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses, under the
        command of Lt. Col. Robert Olds, leave Miami,
        Florida, on a goodwill flight to Buenos Aires,
        Argentina.  (See 2/15 for details).

In 1942, the Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet authorized
        removal of athwartships hangar deck catapults from
        Wasp, Yorktown, Enterprise, and Hornet.

In 1943, lighter-than-air operations over the Caribbean were
        initiated from Edinburgh Field, Trinidad, by the
        K-17 of Airship Patrol Squadron 51.

In 1953, the first flight of the 1049C Super
         Constellation. Engines were the same as the
         previous Connies, 049s/749s/1049s/1649s, and
         were Wright 3350s. It had one of the first cabins
         designed by Henry Dreyfuss, famous for ergonomic
         designs. First deliveries would be to Air France,
         Pakistan International, Qantas, Trans Canada,
         Air India, Eastern, Iberia, Linea Aeropostal
         Venzuela and Cia Cubana. The later connies would
         have the 3350's with the PRTs (Power Recovery
         Turbines or Parts Recovery Turbines).

In 1954, American Astronautical Society (AAS) incorporated
        in the State of New York.

In 1959, the USAF Committee presided over by Dr. J. Allen
        Hynek, Associate Director of the Smithsonian
        Astrophysical Observatory at Cambridge, Mass.,
        recommended that the USAF continue to take a
        positive approach to UFO's, investigate reported
        sightings by all scientific means, and keep the
        public fully informed of existing policy.

In 1975, the first production model of Lockheed's updated
        P-3C Orion was delivered to VX-1, the Navy's
        antisubmarine warfare evaluation squadron at NAS
        Patuxent River. New avionics and software included a
        versatile computer language, the Omega worldwide
        navigation system, increased sound-processing
        sensitivity, a tactical display scope, improved
        magnetic tape transport, and a seven-fold increase
        in computer memory capacity from 65,000 to 458,000
        words.



                  February 18


Octave Chanute:  born February 18, 1832
        Aviation pioneer; born in France; became a Civil
        Engineer; designed the first RR bridge over the
        Missouri River; in 1894 he published a compendium of
        early flight experiments; in 1896 he commissioned
        several craft to be built in William Avery's shop;
        one of those was the Katydid; these were tested
        at the Dunes in Indiana; he was present for the
        Wright Brothers glider and powered flights.

Enzo Ferrari:  born February 18, 1898
        Designer and founder of Ferrari

In 1919, Navy Bureau of Ordnance (BuOrd) continued wartime
        experimental work begun by Sperry Gyroscope in 1917
        on the unmanned "Flying Bomb."

In 1925, "Standard Altimeter Calibration" worked out by
        Bureau of Standards, and approved by all intersted
        agencies, was approved by the NACA.

In 1930, Elm Farm Ollie became the first known cow to fly.
        The cow was flown over St. Louis where it was
        milked, the milk was placed in small paper
        containers and dropped by parachute. Apparently, Elm
        Farm Ollie Day is still celebrated in Wisconsin?  I
        can't prove this folks but I couldn't pass it up
        either <G>.

In 1957, Guggenheim Foundation granted $250,000 to Harvard
        University's Aviation Health and Safety Center.

In 1958, USAF revealed that an airflow speed of 32,400 mph
        had been attained for one-tenth of a second in a
        wind tunnel test at the Arnold Engineering
        Development Center, Tullahoma, Tenn., on an
        undisclosed date.

In 1977, the first flight of the specially equipped 747
        carrying the US space shuttle Enterprise.


                  February 19


In 1919, the NACA recommendations on regulating air
        commerce, the licensing of pilots, the inspection of
        aircraft, and the use of landing fields were
        transmitted to Congress through the Secretary of the
        Treasury.

Lee Marvin:  born February 19, 1924
        Actor; born in New York City; served in the Marines in
        the Pacific during WW-II; awarded the Purple Heart
        during the Battle of Saipan; first movie was "You're
        In the Navy Now"

In 1934, under Presidential order the Army Air Corps started
        flying domestic airmail. The order cancelled
        existing air mail contracts because of "fraud and
        collusion".

In 1943, a letter of intent was issued to Vega Airplane
        Company for two XP2V-1 patrol planes, thereby
        initiating development of the P2V Neptune series of
        land-based patrol aircraft.

In 1946, S. Paul Johnston appointed Director of the IAS to
        replace Lester D. Gardner, retiring after 15 years
        of service.

In 1953, six Moby Dick balloon flights to study
        high-altitude winds flown from Vernalles NAS,
        Calif., by USAF Cambridge Research Center, each
        capsule also containing fruit flies.

In 1982, the first flight of the Boeing 757 (-200).

In 1987, the E-6A prototype flies for the first time.



                 February 20


Joshua Slocum:  born February 20, 1844
        Canadian seaman and adventurer; he is the first
        known person in recorded history to sail single-
        handedly around the world.

Ansel Adams:  born February 20, 1902
        World class photographer; received the Presidential
        Medal of Freedom for his work; born in San Francisco
       
In 1914, the beginnings of Aviation Medicine were apparent
        in a letter to the Commanding Officer at Pensacola
        on the subject of physical requirements for aviator
        candidates which expressed the opinion that useful
        information could be obtained by observing pilots
        during flight and by physical examination before and
        after flight.

In 1939, the first flight of the Douglas DC-5.

In 1944, the first mission of "Big Week" is flown.  This was
        six days of strikes by the Eighth Air Force (based
        in England) and the Fifteenth Air Force (based in
        Italy).

        The Eighth Air Force (8AF) conducted the US's first
        thousand-bomber raids against Germany in February 1944
        --recorded in history as Big Week. Until that time the
        United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) was not able to
        concentrate such firepower on the enemy in such a short
        period of time. It took much effort to make Big Week
        "big" covering the spectrum of planning and execution
        activities dating back to the end of World War I that
        were adapted and flexed to be successful in a different
        context.

        Indeed, the depth and breadth of the preparations
        required to successfully execute Big Week on the scale
        intended is deserving of a closer examination. Sources
        include books and periodicals from the Fairchild
        Library and the Air Command and Staff College curriculum
        as well as several primary source documents from the
        archives of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

        Information from 1918 through 1947 was reviewed and
        analyzed in order to produce a thorough review of the
        components within the operational art element of
        logistics and the contextual elements that influenced
        preparations for and execution of Big Week.
       
        Leadership from President Roosevelt to first line
        supervisors influenced 8AF logistics before February
        1944. Major General Hugh J. Knerr was the one man that
        stood out as the champion of USAAF logistics. He
        influenced the concept of logistical operations in
        the European Theater of Operations (ETO) and, more
        specifically, put logistics on a level of importance
        equal to that of operations within the United States
        Strategic Air Forces (USSTAF). He synchronized
        logistics with operations and strove for constant
        improvement by making organizational and process
        changes aimed at increasing logistical responsiveness,
        effectiveness, and efficiency."

In 1945, the Secretary of War approved Ordnance plans for
        the establishment of the White Sands Proving Ground
        (WSPG).

In 1948, the first Boeing B-50 Superfortress is delivered to
        Strategic Air Command.

In 1952, the "African Queen" starring Humphrey Bogart and
        Katherine Hepburn opened in US theaters.

In 1962, John Glenn became the first American to orbit the
        Earth,  making three orbits in his Friendship 7
        Mercury spacecraft. Due to some problems with the
        spacecraft, Glenn flew parts of the last two orbits
        manually because of an autopilot failure and left
        his normally jettisoned retrorocket pack attached to
        his capsule during reentry because of a loose heat
        shield.  

In 1974, VS-41 at NAS North Island accepted the first S-3A
        Viking.
                                   
In 1978, C-46 N53594, China Doll, was sold to the
        Confederate Air Force, and registered on March 24,
        1978. Initially named "Humpty Dumpty", it was
        inactive for some time in Harlingen Texas until it
        was assigned to the East Texas Wing of the
        Confederate Air Force.

In 1981, the space shuttle Columbia completed a flight
        readiness firing of it's main engines.  Two months
        later, it would begin the first flight of the
        shuttle program - STS-1.



                 February 21


In 1918, the NAS Bolsena was established, Ensign W. B.
        Atwater commanding. The first of two air stations
        established in Italy during World War I, Bolsena was
        used primarily as a flying school.

In 1919, the first flight of the Thomas-Morse MB-3.

In 1921, the first transcontinental flight within 24 hours,
        made by Lt. W. D. Coney in a DH-4B from San Diego,
        Calif., to Jacksonville, Fla., in 22 hours and
        27 minutes.

In 1921, the School for Flight Surgeons at Mitchell Field
        recognized as a Special Service School in War
        Department General Order No. 7.

In 1923, DeBothezat helicopter achieved sustained altitude
        of 15 feet for 2 minutes and 45 seconds in flight
        tests at McCook Field.

In 1923, tests of aircraft handling were made aboard Langley
        with Aeromarines operating in groups of three.
        Results showed that it required two minutes to
        prepare the deck after each landing; and in the best
        time for the day three planes were landed in seven
        minutes.

In 1923, in recognition of the fact that the newer aircraft
        engines offered advantages of longer life and lower
        cost, the Bureau of Aeronautics issued guidelines
        that severely restricted the repair and reuse of
        engines over two years old. Through this means, the
        Navy was able to expend promptly its residual
        stocks of World War I engines and equip most new
        aircraft with newer engines. More importantly, freed
        of the millstone of stocks of obsolescent engines,
        the Navy could aggressively sponsor the development
        of improved aircraft engines to meet its various
        requirements.

In 1952, the first flight of the Saab model 35 Draken.

In 1953, the first powered flight of the Bell X-1A research
        airplane was completed, Jean Ziegler as pilot.

In 1961, NASA Space Task Group selected John H. Glenn, Jr.,
        Virgil I. Grissom, and Alan B. Shepard, Jr., to
        begin special training for first manned Mercury
        space flight.

In 1962, the F4H-1 Phantom II established new world records
        for climb to 3,000 and 6,000 meters with times of
        34.52 and 48.78 seconds. Lieutenant Commander J. W.
        Young and Commander D. M. Longton piloted the plane
        on its respective record flights at NAS Brunswick,
        Maine.


               February 22


George Washington: born February 22, 1732
         Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Except that
         Feb. 22 today was Feb. 11 then ..... and Washington
         would have told you that he was born in 1731.
 
         When he was born, the convention was that you went
         from one year to the next on March 25th.  England
         and the colonies hadn't switched to the Gregorian
         calendar yet. So, aside from a dispute about the
         day and the year, we have it about right.
 
         Thanks for the help on this one <G>.

In 1819, negotiations concluded for what would become the
         Spain / United States treaty of 1819.  This was the
         formal agreement that sold Florida to the US for
         $5 million.  The military ceremony would take
         place on July 10, 1821 as the final ratifications
         were completed.  The treaty also recognized that
         Spain was the owner of Texas.

Bill Klem:  born February 22, 1874
        National League Baseball Umpire; credited with
        introducing hand and arm signals for calls; first
        16 seasons he was exclusively behind the plate;
        pioneered the inside protector.

In 1918, the Director of Naval Communications was requested
        to provide wireless transmitting and receiving
        equipment at five naval air stations on the Atlantic
        coast and at San Diego and Coco Solo, to permit
        pilots on patrol to communicate with their bases.
        The following May, this request was expanded to
        cover all naval air stations.

In 1925, the first flight of the de Havilland DH.60 Moth,
        G-EBKT. Pilot was Geoffrey de Havilland.

Niki Lauda:  born February 22, 1949
        Formula One World Champion racing driver; founded
        Lauda Air; first GP win in 1974, won championship
        in 1975; born in Vienna, Austria; started Lauda
        Air in 1979 with two Fokker 27 aircraft.

In 1963, an LC-130F Hercules of VX-6 made the longest flight
        in Antarctic history covering territory never before
        seen by man. The plane which was piloted by
        Commander William H. Everett and carried Rear
        Admiral James R. Reedy among its passengers,
        made the 3,470 mile flight from McMurdo Station,
        south beyond the South Pole to the Shackleton
        Mountain Range and then southeastward to the pole of
        inaccessibility and returned to McMurdo in 10 hours
        and 40 minutes.

In 1974, Lieutenant (jg) Barbara Ann Allen became the Navy's
        first designated female aviator when she received
        her Gold Wings in a ceremony at NAS Corpus Christi.

In 1975, the first flight of the Sukhoi Su-25.

In 1978, the first test satellite in the Air Force's Navstar
        Global Positioning System is successfully launched
        into orbit.

In 1980, the "Miracle on Ice". This is the nickname given to
        a February 22 medal-round men's ice hockey game during
        the 1980 Olympic Winter Games, in which a team of
        amateur and collegiate players from the United States,
        led by coach Herb Brooks, defeated the Soviet Union team,
        who were considered to be the best international hockey
        team in the world, 4-3.

        The U.S went on to win the Gold Medal by beating Finland
        (4-2) in their final medal round game.



                   February 23


In 1909, John a McCurdy flies the Aerial Experimental
        Association's Silver Dart biplane 40 feet over
        the frozen Bras d'Or Lake in Baddeck Bay, Canada.
        This is listed as the first controlled, powered
        flight in Canada.
 
In 1914, Henry Busteed makes the first flight of the Bristol
        Scout biplane in Larkhill, England.

In 1929, successful development of special goggles, heated
        gloves, and a device for warming oxgyen before use
        announced by Wright Field.

In 1934, the first flight of the Lockheed Model 10 Electra.
        The Electra entered service with Northwest Airlines
        in August of that year.

In 1936, F. W. Kessler, W. Ley, and N. Carver launched two
        mail-carrying "rocket airplanes" at Greenwood Lake,
        N.Y., which traveled about 1,000 feet.

In 1942, the Bureau of Aeronautics outlined a comprehensive
        program which became the basis for the wartime
        expansion of pilot training. In place of the
        existing 7-months course, the new program required
        11 months for pilots of single or twin-engine
        aircraft and 12 months for four-engine pilots; and
        was divided into 3 months at Induction Centers, 3
        months in Primary, 3 months in Intermediate and 2 or
        3 months in Operational Training, depending on type
        aircraft used.

In 1945, Marines Michael Strank, Ira Hayes, Harlon Block, Rene
        Gagnon, and Franklin Sousley with Navy Hospital
        Corpsman John Bradley raise a flag over  Iwo Jima's
        Mount Suribachi.  The flag replaces a smaller flag
        raised lower on the mountain earlier in the day.  The
        event is both photographed and filmed, and photographer
        Joe Rosenthal's image, from that day to this, remains the
        most reproduced photograph in the world.

        The photograph causes an instant sensation.  Within days,
        orders are issued for the men in the photograph to be
        evacuated from Iwo Jima and returned to the United States
        to participate in War Bond drives.  In that brief time,
        Strank, Block, and Sousley are killed and Bradley is
        seriously wounded in the vicious fighting which continues
        on Iwo Jima.

        After viewing the picture, Secretary of the Navy James
        Forrestal says, "The raising of that flag on Suribachi
        means a Marine Corps for the next five hundred years."

In 1955, an F4D Skyray, piloted by Douglas Test. Pilot R. O.
        Rahn, reached 10,000 feet in 56 seconds, the fourth
        unofficial climb record set by Navy carrier fighters
        in less than a month. Prior to these later climb
        records by jets, the Grumman F8F Bearcat held the
        record for almost 10-years at 94-seconds. All
        records for climb-to-10K begin from a standing-start.



                  February 24
 

Chester William Nimitz:  born February 24, 1885
         born in Fredericksburg, Texas; first job was a
         handyman at the St Charles Hotel in Kerrville;
         graduated from US Naval Academy in 1905; first
         command was the Spanish gunboat Panay in the
         Philippines; transferred to the destroyer Decatur,
         ran the ship aground, was court martialed,
         reprimanded and ordered to submarine duty; 
         replaced Kimmel as Commander in Chief of the
         Pacific Fleet in December 1941; signed the peace
         treaty with Japan aboard the Missouri; named
         Commander in Chief of the US Fleet in 1945.

In 1914, in the wake of a rash of accidents, the Army
        investigative board condemns all pusher-type
        airplanes.

In 1915, Macy automatic pilot tests were begun at San Diego,
        Calif.

In 1931, the first flight of the prototype Shorts S.17 Kent
        flying boat at Medway, Kent, England.

In 1937, the first flight of the 2nd prototype Armstrong
        Whitworth AW-38. The pilot was Charles Turner
        Hughes.

In 1940, the Bureau of Aeronautics issued a contract for
        television equipment, including camera, transmitter,
        and receiver, that was capable of airborne
        operation. Such equipment promised to be useful both
        in transmitting instrument readings obtained
        from radio-controlled structural flight tests, and
        in providing target and guidance information
        necessary should radio-controlled aircraft be
        converted to offensive weapons.

In 1942, -- First Wake Island Raid -- (Vice Admiral W. F.
        Halsey) the carrier Enterprise with cruiser and
        destroyer screen, began action against Wake Island.

In 1943, the Naval Photographic Science Laboratory was
        established at NAS Anacostia under the direction of
        the Bureau of Aeronautics to provide photographic
        services to the Navy and to develop equipment and
        techniques suitable for fleet use.

In 1944, the first detection of a submerged enemy submarine
        by the use of MAD gear was made by Catalinas of
        VP-63, on a MAD barrier patrol of the approaches to
        the Strait of Gibraltar. The submarine located was
        U-761.

In 1955, the first R3Y-1 Tradewind, high-speed seaplane
        transport equipped with four Allison turboprop
        engines, was delivered to NATC Patuxent River for
        service suitability evaluation and trials. Intended
        for the long-range over-water transportation of
        military cargo, this plane was also suitable
        for use as a personnel or troop transport and for
        the air evacuation of wounded.

In 1957, the first passenger flight to cross the North Pole.
        SAS started their Far East service from CPH to TYO
        on the Pole Route II, which directly crossed the
        North Pole for the first time.

In 1966, the first flight of the LearJet Model 24.



                  February 25


Herbert "Zeppo" Marx:  born February 25, 1909
        Actor; youngest of 5 Marx brothers; as a youngster
        he had a reputation as a hooligan; Groucho credited
        him as being the funniest of the brothers; he had
        mechanical ability and has patents issued in his
        name including the Cardiac Pulse Rate Monitor patent
        3,473,526 issued in 1969; worked machining parts for
        the war effort during WW-II.

Jim Backus:  born February 25, 1913
        Actor; voice of Mr. Magoo; born in Cleveland, Ohio;
        also in Rebel Without a Cause and Gilligan's Island.

In 1931, a new pilot training syllabus was issued which
        added a course in Advanced Seaplane Training and
        returned the courses in Bombing and Torpedo, and
        Observation and Gunnery, dropped in November 1929,
        thereby expanding the regular flight course to
        258.75 hours and, for those also taking Advanced
        Combat, to 282.75 hours. The ground school course
        was also expanded in some areas and with the
        inclusion of a short course in photography, totalled
        286.5 hours.

In 1949, the Caroline Mars, a JRM-2 flying boat, broke the
        world record for passenger lift by transporting 202
        men from Alameda to San Diego, and broke it again
        the same day on the return flight with a load of 218
        men. These loads were in addition to a four-man
        crew.

In 1960, a Navy R6D transport, carrying members of the Navy
        Band and a team of antisubmarine specialists,
        collided with a Brazilian air liner over Sugar Loaf
        Mountain, Rio de Janeiro.

In 1961, Paul F. Bikle set world glider altitude record of
        46,267 feet in Schweizer 1-23-E sailplane, beating
        record of 42,100 feet set by W. S. Ivans in 1950.
        Bikle is Director of NASA Flight Research Center,
        Edwards, Calif., which is conducting the X-15 flight
        research program.

In 1965, the first flight of the McDonnell Douglas DC-9.
        Design work on Douglas Model 2086 (original name) began
        in 1962. Fabrication began 26-Jul-63.

In 1970, TWA becomes the first airline to fly the Boeing 747
        on a US domestic route, with service between New York
        and Los Angeles.

In 1990, smoke free flights become mandatory for all flights
        in North America by US Airlines.


                 February 26


Evans Carlson:  born February 26, 1896
        USMC Officer who led "Carlson's Raiders" in WW-II;
        ran away from home at 14; enlisted in the Army at 16;
        tried being a salesman after the service; re-enlisted
        in the Marines in 1922.

In 1913, action to provide the Navy with a wind tunnel, a
        basic tool in aeronautical research and development,
        was approved formally by the Chief Constructor of
        the Navy. The resulting tunnel, which was built at
        the Washington Navy Yard, remained in operation
        until after the end of World War II.

In 1918, in recognition of the importance to flight
        operations of data on weather phenomena in the upper
        atmosphere, and acting largely on the
        recommendations of Lieutenant Commander Alexander
        McAdie, formerly of Harvard University's Blue Hill
        Observatory, the Chief of Naval Operations
        established an allowance list of aerographic
        equipment for air stations abroad.

In 1924, VS Squadron 3 was authorized to fly one division of
        CS seaplanes from Anacostia to Miami and Key West
        and return, for the purpose of conducting services
        tests under actual operating conditions.

Johnny R. Cash:  born February 26, 1932
        Country and Western singer; born in Kingsland,
        Arkansas; second youngest in Country Hall of Fame
        (Elvis is youngest); his middle initial is just an
        initial, he has no middle name.

In 1938, Secretary of Interior Ickes approved purchase by
        the Federal Government of helium plants at Dexter,
        Kans., thus giving the Government a virtual
        monopoly. On May 11, his refusal to sell
        helium to Germany was upheld by the President.

In 1940, the War Department established an Air Defense
        Command. This command, operating under the control
        of the First Army Commander from March 2, 1940, to
        September 9, 1941, engaged in planning for air
        defense.
 
        Before the United States entered World War II, air
        defense was divided among the four air districts
        (later, numbered air forces) based in the United
        States: First, Second, Third, and Fourth Air
        Forces. In mid-1944, when the threat of air attack
        seemed negligible, this air defense organization
        was disbanded. Subsequently, no real air defense
        organization existed until the second Air (later
        Aerospace) Defense Command was established in 1946
        as a major command of the Army Air Forces (AAF).

In 1949, Lucky Lady II, a SAC B-50A, is flown on the first
        nonstop flight around the world.  The 23,452 mile
        flight took 94 hours, 1 minute and required 4 midair
        refuelings. The pilot was Capt James Gallagher.
                                   
In 1953, Dorothy M. Simon, aeronautical research scientist
        with Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, was
        recipient of 1952 Rockefeller Public Service Award
        "for the effective application of the physics and
        chemistry of combustion to flight research."

In 1966, the first unmanned spacecraft of the Apollo series,
        fired into suborbital flight by a Saturn 1B rocket
        from Cape Kennedy, was recovered in the southeast
        Atlantic 200 miles east of Ascension Island by a
        helicopter from Boxer.



                 February 27


John Steinbeck:  born February 27, 1902
        Author; "Grapes of Wrath"; born in Salinas Valley,
        California; attended Stanford for six years but
        never graduated; first success was Tortilla Flat
        in 1935; awarded the Noble Prize for Literature
        in 1962.

Clarence Leonard "Kelly" Johnson:  born February 27, 1910
        Aeronautical engineer; head of Lockheed's Skunk
        Works; bio says he helped design over 40 aircraft
        including the Constellation, Super Constellation,
        F-104 Starfighter, U-2, the SR-71 Blackbird and the
        P-38 Lightning.

In 1920, a world altitude record of 33,113 feet set by Maj.
        R. W. Schroeder (USA) in a LePere-Liberty 400, at
        McCook Field, Dayton, Ohio.

In 1924, Corp. C. E. Conrad (USAS) successfully parachuted
        from 21,500 feet, from DH-4B over Kelly Field, Tex.

In 1928, Commander Theodore G. Ellyson, the first Naval Aviator,
        Lieutenant Commander Hugo Schmidt and Lieutenant
        Rogers Ransehounsen, crashed to their deaths in a
        Loening amphibian in Chesapeake Bay while on a night
        flight from Norfolk to Annapolis.

In 1938, the good-will flight to Buenos Aires of six B-17's
        under Lt. Col. Robert D. Olds, which had left Miami
        on February 17, returned to Langley Field, Va. (See
        Feb 15 for details).

In 1940, development of the "Flying Flapjack", a fighter
        aircraft with an almost circular wing, was initiated
        with notice of a contract award to Vought-Sikorsky
        Aircraft for the design of the V-173--a full-scale
        flying model (as distinguished from a military
        prototype). This design, based upon the research
        of a former NACA engineer, Charles H. Zimmerman, was
        attractive because it promised to combine a high
        speed of near 500 m.p.h. with a very low takeoff
        speed.

In 1965, the first flight of the Antonov AN-22 Antei. The aircraft
        was powered by 4 Kuznetsov NK-12 turboprop engines.

In 1978, a contract for the CH-53E Super Stallion helicopter
        was awarded to Sikorsky Aircraft to begin full scale
        production. The CH-53E provided the Navy and Marine
        Corps with a heavy-lift helicopter. It lifts twice
        as much as the earlier D model.

In 1979, the Navy took delivery of the last A-4 Skyhawk from
        the McDonnell Douglas Corporation, setting a record
        at the time for the longest production run for any
        U.S. military aircraft.

        Built as an attack bomber and as a two-
        place trainer, the A-4 had been in continuous
        production for 26 years. The final Skyhawk off the
        production line was an A-4M attack bomber built for
        operation by the Marine Corps. It was the 2960th
        Skyhawk manufactured by McDonnell Douglas and was
        delivered to VMA-331.


                  February 28


Milton Caniff:  born February 28, 1907
        Cartoonist; born in Hillsboro, Ohio; graduated
        from Ohio State; moved to NY City and started
        work with the AP Syndicate; first comic strips
        were Dickie Dare and the Gay Thirties; switched
        to the Daily News where he created Terry and the
        Pirates; during WW-II he did a special military
        comic strip called Male Call; in 1946, he created
        Steve Canyon.

        Caniff drew Terry and the Pirates for the Chicago
        Trib until 1946, then pointed out to his editor
        that he should be getting some profit participation
        on one of the most popular strips in the paper. The
        editor replied that the Trib owned the copyright,
        and as an employee he could bloody well be happy
        with a 10% raise. Caniff said, OK, good luck with
        your comic strip, and quit.

        Then he made a distribution deal with the Chicago Sun
        for a new strip, Steve Canyon, which cloned many of
        the Terry characters under new names -- for example,
        Copper Calhoon replaced the Dragon Lady (who in turn
        had been inspired by Mme. Chiang Kai-Shek). Terry
        went down the tubes in a matter of months.

        Circulation of Steve Canyon declined somewhat in
        the Vietnam years because of its resolutely conservative
        posture, but Caniff died a wealthy man in 1988. Just
        like Terry, nobody was able to make a go of it after his
        death.

        In his later years, Caniff was a bit embarrassed by
        this strip (http://www.ep.tc/howtospotajap/howto01.html)
        which he did for a War Department manual in 1942.

In 1918, the President issued a Proclamation, effective in
        30 days, that prohibited private flying over the
        United States, its territorial waters and its
        possessions without a special license issued by the
        Joint Army and Navy Board on Aeronautic Cognizance.

In 1928, an order was issued limiting the application of
        standard type names for aircraft engines to air-
        cooled engines of recent design. For example the
        standard type name, Curtiss V-1150, was abolished
        and this engine was reassigned its earlier D-12
        designation. On the other hand, the designation
        Wright R-790 was retained with provisions for use of
        R-790-A to indicate a major modification while
        earlier models of this engine kept the old
        designations, J-2, J-3 and J-4.

In 1928, the contract for the XPY-1 flying boat was issued
        to the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation. This
        aircraft, which was designed for alternate
        installation of two or three engines, was the first
        large monoplane flying boat procured by the Navy,
        and was the initial configuration which evolved
        into the PBY Catalina.

Mario Andretti:  born February 28, 1940
        Formula One and Indy racing driver; born in Montona,
        Italy; moved in 1955 to Nazereth, PA

Irv Siegel:  born February 28, 1946
        Born in Boston, MA; graduate of University of
        Massachusetts with a degree in accounting and he
        earned his masters at JFK University. In a career
        spanning nearly 30 years, Irving owned and operated
        several flight instruction schools in Las Vegas,
        Daytona, Florida and Hayward, CA .

        He also worked as a flight instructor for Embry-Riddle
        Aeronautical University in Prescott, Arizona and Japan
        Air Lines in Napa.

        Irv was devoted to local community theatre, writing,
        acting, directing and producing plays all over the
        northern Bay Area. He was the founder of Act Now! of
        Walnut Creek and a member of Sierra Singles, Jewish
        Men’s Choir, The Pilot’s Association of Concord,
        AVSIG and the Mortgage Brokers Association. He was
        also involved with the Human Awareness Institute in
        the Napa Valley. He enjoyed traveling in his RV and
        was an avid Boston Red Sox fan.

 
In 1946, the first flight of the Republic F-84.

In 1955, B-52 No. 008 made its acceptance flight at Boeing
        Aircraft, Seattle, Washington. This aircraft was
        used as a NASA air-launch aircraft at Dryden. 
        According to Dryden, this aircraft was the oldest
        B-52 currently flying. Balls-8 was retired
        December 17, 2005:
        http://www.nasa.gov/centers/dryden/news/FactSheets/FS-005-DFRC.html

In 1964, a helicopter piloted by Commander D. W. Fisher of
        HU-1 made the first landing on the deck of the
        combat store ship Mars (AFS 1) during her shakedown
        cruise off San Diego. Although the concept of
        vertical replenishment at sea had been discussed and
        tested as early as 1959 and helicopter platforms
        had been installed on certain logistics ships since
        then, commissioning of the Mars provided the first
        real opportunity to incorporate the helicopter into
        the fleet logistic support system.

In 1972, the first flight of the DC-10 (-40). Randy said
        this is also the -20. Nyrop didn't want an airplane
        delivered that was numbered earlier than someone
        else's -30 (same thing but with GE engines) so they
        got the "Southern California Div. of the
        Experimental A/C Assoc." (Douglas) to change the
        nomenclature to -40.  Think only operators of this
        Pratt & Whitney airplane were JAL and NWA.  Center
        geared hydroplanin' SOaB's! Nyrop is *alledged* to
        have said, "when I think of light bulbs I think of
        General Electric, when I think of aircraft engines,
        I think of Pratt & Whitney!" 

In 1978, the Department of Defense authorized fullscale
        development of the Sikorsky Aircraft's SH-60B LAMPS
        MK III helicopter. The aircraft was designed
        primarily for antisubmarine and antiship missions
        and to be deployed aboard frigates, destroyers and
        cruisers.



                      February 29

                       Leap Day


John Philip Holland:  born February 29, 1840
        Engineer; designed and built the first underwater
        vessel (submarine) accepted by the US Navy; born in
        Liscanner, Ireland; became a teacher in a school in
        Cork; in 1873, moved to Boston, Mass; started building
        subs in the 1880's; his 6th model was built in
        Elizabethport, NJ and launched in 1897; the 7th model
        (Holland Type 7) was purchased by the US Navy in 1900.

Jimmy Dorsey:  born February 29, 1904
        Famous bandleader; born in Shenandoah, PA; first
        recorded with brothers in 1927; first concerts in
        1934 when his band began a long engagement at the
        Glen Island Casino in New Rochelle NY; played the
        clarinet and the alto sax.

In 1940, the Bureau of Aeronautics initiated action that led
        to a contract with Professor H. O. Croft, University
        of Iowa, to investigate the possibilities of a
        turbojet propulsion unit for aircraft.

In 1960, the Department of Defense announced that two new
        developments in airborne mine countermeasures had
        been successfully demonstrated to Navy and Defense
        officials by the Navy Mine Defense Laboratory and
        the Navy Air Mine Defense Development Unit at Panama
        City, Fla.

In 1980, VMO-1 began flying the new OV-1OD Bronco
        observation plane at New River, North Carolina. The
        D version, manufactured by Rockwell International,
        has the forward looking infrared (FLIR) and laser
        rangefinder designator systems. The new systems
        enabled the pilot to locate his target at night or
        in bad weather and then pinpoint the exact range and
        location with a laser beam. An automatic video
        tracker computer system locks on to a moving target
        with information provided by the infrared system.
        The TV-like video display gives the pilot and
        observer a computer-assisted sighting capability.
        Conventional improvements included the uprated T-76
        turboprop engine, larger fiberglass propellers and
        an increased fuel capacity.

In 2000, Russia's MiG Project 1.44 fighter technology
        demonstrator made its first flight this day from the
        Gromov Flight Test Institute in Zhukovsky, 30 miles
        southwest of Moscow. During the 18-minute flight, the
        1.44 climbed to a little more than 3,200 feet and
        cruised two circles around the airfield, the MiG
        Russian Aircraft Corp. said in a prepared statement.

        Though the 1.44 concept was born during the Cold War
        and aimed at countering the U.S. F-22 fighter, program
        chiefs say the work is still relevant.